Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that is characterized by alternating manic/hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes. Earlier it was known as manic depression. The condition can cause your moods to swing from one extreme to another. Unlike normal mood swings, these changes in mood can persist for longer periods of time. Sometimes each phase could extend up to several months if untreated. Hence it is vital to go for a best bipolar treatment that can help you manage and live a life normally.
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms – Manic Symptoms
- High energy levels
- Increased and frenzied activity
- Racing thoughts
- Talking too fast (with urgency) and jumping from one topic to another
- Excessive spending
- Impulsive sexual activity
- Sleep issues
Bipolar Disorder Symptoms: Depressive symptoms
- Depressed mood
- Loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities
- Weight loss/ gain
- Disturbed sleep
- Inability to concentrate
- Feelings of worthlessness
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Suicidal thoughts
Best Bipolar Treatment
Research suggests that there is no cure as such for bipolar disorder; however it can be treated effectively using various methods like- medications, talk therapies, counselling and ECT. Treatment can be used to minimise the symptoms and cope better. In a few cases with mild bipolar disorder, the symptoms seem to diminish with treatment and no longer meet the criteria. With the right kind of intervention, there is enough scope for improvement and effective management of symptoms.
Medication includes atypical antipsychotics like Risperidone, mood stabilizers and antidepressants like Zoloft and Prozac. Mood stabilizers are taken on a daily basis to prevent episodes of mania/ hypomania and to manage the symptoms. Lithium, Valproate and olanzapine/carbamazepine are some of the mood stabilizers prescribed.
Therapy and counseling can help in dealing with these emotional difficulties and building resilience. Clients can learn the necessary skills and lead a well-adjusted life. They are taught to identify triggers, maintain routines and better manage symptoms. Psychoeducation is provided to both the client and family to develop a better understanding of the condition and cope better. Cognitive behavior therapy can help an individual challenge negative thought patterns and belief systems. Therapists help clients to replace these maladaptive thoughts with more realistic and helpful ones. Family therapists help in identifying the dysfunctional interaction patterns within the family that may be contributing to the problem and intervene the same.
In some severe cases of bipolar disorder where the client may also be drug-resistant, ECT or electroconvulsive therapy can also be used. It is particularly used in cases where the client is suicidal or psychotic. In this form of treatment, an electric current is passed through the scalp causing brief seizures in the brain. It is highly effective in relieving the client of the symptoms.