Here's everything else you need to know about Depression
Depression is a serious psychiatric condition marked by profound emotions of sorrow, despair, and worthlessness that can have a significant influence on a person's everyday functioning. If addressed, it can have a negative influence on interpersonal connections and job life and lead a person to lose interest in their everyday activities. According to WHO estimates, over 56 million Indians suffer from depression.
Fortunately, depression symptoms may be effectively controlled with a mix of psychotherapy and medication. Cadabams, India's largest and best mental healthcare institution, offers a variety of treatment choices tailored to your or a loved one's specific requirements. Cadabams' multispecialty team of psychologists, counselors, and psychiatrists have over three decades of expertise and can help you or your loved one with world-class, solution-oriented treatment.
Symptoms of Depression
Unlike normal feelings of sadness we experience regularly, depression symptoms are more prolonged intense and are accompanied by other symptoms that affect an individual’s ability to function. Some of the common symptoms include:
1. Emotional Symptoms:
- Deep feelings of sadness
- Dark moods
- Feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness
- Preoccupation with death or thoughts of self-harm
- Feeling worthless or guilty
2. Behavioral Symptoms:
- Withdrawing from friends
- Excessive use of substances and alcohol
3. Physical and Energy-Related Symptoms:
- Appetite changes
- Lack of energy
- Abnormal sleep patterns (insomnia or restless sleep)
4. Cognitive and Psychological Symptoms:
- Difficulty staying focused on a task and performing daily tasks
- Reduced sexual desire or lack of sexual performance
Causes of Depression
Depression can be the product of several different factors, including genetic, biological, and environmental factors. Some risk factors of depression are:
- Genetic Factors: A family history of depression can increase the individual’s chances of developing the disorder. Different genes could lead to the onset of depression. However, there is still a lot of research left to be done in the area.
- Biological Factors: Low levels or an imbalance of neurotransmitters that help regulate mood are also associated with depression. These include serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine.
- Environmental Factors: Traumatic events, adverse childhood experiences, abuse, loss of a loved one, interpersonal conflicts, or work stressors can also cause depression in people.
- Psychological or Social Factors: Depression is associated with negative thought patterns or low self-esteem. The way an individual thinks, such as their thought patterns, can also increase the risk of developing depression.
Types of Depression
Clinical depression can be categorized as mild, moderate, and severe depending on the intensity, frequency, and duration of depression symptoms. Based on its severity, depression can last for weeks, months, or even years. There are also different types of depression based on the context in which it occurs. These include:
- Major Depressive Disorder: This disorder is characterized by a depressed mood, loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities, and low energy levels for at least 2 weeks.
- Bipolar Affective Disorder/Bipolar Depression: Bipolar Disorder is characterized by recurrent episodes of depression and mania in which the individual affected experiences extremely low moods to extremely high euphoria. This type of depression is treated differently due to the presence of manic episodes.
- Psychotic Depression: A person suffering from psychotic depression may experience delusions, hallucinations, and paranoia. These ‘psychotic’ symptoms are normally associated with feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness.
- Postpartum (Peripartum) Depression: PPD is a type of depression experienced mostly by women after childbirth. This may be caused due to chemical, social, and psychological changes that take place after giving birth. Having PPD can cause difficulties in bonding with the baby.
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD): PMDD affects individuals who menstruate. Depression symptoms occur around two weeks before the beginning of menstruation and recede after the cycle.
- Atypical Depression: Characterized by symptoms like overeating, oversleeping, and extreme sensitivity to rejection, which may not align with classic depressive symptoms.
Diagnosis of Depression
To reach a diagnosis of depression, a mental health professional would first conduct a series of tests, interviews, and psychometric assessments. These evaluations help the professional understand the symptoms of the individual better and also provide a look into the current mood states, personality, physical health, and needs of the person. Some of these tests include:
- Physical Exam - To diagnose depression, it is important to rule out any physiological conditions that might be causing depression. Diseases such as anemia and thyroid disease can increase symptoms of depression and are required to be treated differently.
- Psychometric Evaluations - Psychometric assessments are used to understand the severity and frequency of symptoms. They also help to gauge the person’s personality, mood states, cognitive and verbal abilities, etc.
- Family History Taking - Through interviews, your mental health professional would use family history to understand the person and their family member’s medical history. It would also help to evaluate the duration and possible causes of symptoms, factors that are contributing to the worsening of symptoms, as well as interpersonal, work-related, and family dynamics.
With the help of all this information, the mental health professional would find it easier to reach a diagnosis. If the symptoms match the criteria in manuals for psychiatric disorders (DSM 5, ICD 10), the clinician will draw up a depression treatment plan that specifically suits the needs of you or your loved one.
Depression is a treatable disorder. If you think you or your loved one are showing signs of depression, it is important to seek immediate help. With the appropriate interventions, depression symptoms can be managed, and the person can go back to living their life normally. Based on the duration and intensity of symptoms, as well as the individual needs of the client, different therapies can be used for effective counseling for depression. Some of the therapies for depression include:
- Medication Management - Antidepressants are used to manage symptoms of depression by balancing neurotransmitter levels that help in the regulation of mood. There are different types of antidepressants prescribed, such as SSRIs, SNRIs, etc. It is important to consult your psychiatrist to know what medication would suit your or your loved one’s needs best.
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy - CBT is a form of therapy that can help an individual identify their negative thought patterns and reframe them into more meaningful thoughts. It establishes the connections between our thoughts and behaviors and how this may be worsening depression symptoms.
- Interpersonal Therapy - Interpersonal therapy draws focus to conflicts in interpersonal relationships. By addressing these conflicts and finding ways to solve them, it becomes easier to manage the problems that are contributing to depression.
- Family Therapy - Family support is a crucial aspect of psychotherapy that can help family members be aware of the causes, symptoms, and effects of the disorder. This helps them support their loved one and prevent a relapse of symptoms in the future.
- Counseling for depression - Through depression counseling, a mental health professional can help you evaluate the problems you are facing and find healthy ways of dealing with them.
- Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy - MBCT is a combination of CBT and mindfulness that can help to overcome negative thought patterns using relaxation techniques such as breathing exercises and meditation.
- Group Therapy - Group therapy offers individuals a platform to discuss their problems with others who are going through a similar situation as theirs. Talking to people to whom they can relate and hearing the journeys of other people makes a person motivated to continue their journey to recovery.
In some cases, depression is so severe that the individual does not respond to any form of treatment. Cadabams offers evidence-based, world-class treatment options for ECT and rTMS for severe depression treatment.
- Electroconvulsive Therapy - ECT is a form of therapy in which electrical stimulation is carefully passed through the brain. This alters brain activity and relieves severe depression symptoms.
- Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation - rTMS is a form of therapy in which magnetic impulses are passed into the affected part of the brain. This helps to regulate the moods of the individual and manage depression symptoms.
Rehabilitation for Depression
With the proper interventions, individuals can manage their symptoms and reach their potential to lead independent lives. Therapeutic interventions, along with appropriate medication management and community support, can make a huge difference in the treatment of depression in a person. A rehabilitation center makes it possible for mental health professionals to provide the best care for you or your loved one 24x7.
Rehabilitation provides individuals with a relaxing and stable environment where mental health services and medication can be availed under one roof. This ensures a safe space for you or your loved one to create a comfortable path to recovery.
Cadabams is the best rehabilitation center for depression. At Cadabams, our professionals work to curate a holistic and innovative treatment plan best suited to treat depression. These treatment plans are personalized to meet the needs of individual depression symptoms. Along with individual therapy, our world-class facilities also provide group therapies and activities to cater to the individual’s sense of community healing and physical health. This encourages individuals to be constantly engaged and motivated throughout their recovery process.
Cadabams’ broad range of assessments and counseling options is what makes it one of the best depression treatment centers. Our multispecialty team of professionals is with you every step of the way through your treatment for depression.