Some of the best approaches to OCD treatment include psychotherapy, guided therapy, and counseling sessions that help individuals to learn how to manage the condition. They also learn how to reduce the occurrence and severity of the compulsive episodes associated with OCD. There are multiple treatment options for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and the percentage of people who have been able to recover after undergoing treatment is high.

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  • Being aware and trying to control the number of inhalations and exhalations in a minute
  • Being aware and trying to control the number of times one blinks in a minute
  • Doubting partners for adultery without any valid reasons
  • Washing hands whenever there is contact with a doorknob, handle, or any other object.
  • Hoarding
  • Excessive Washing
  • Prayer
  • Chemical Imbalance
  • Genetic Factors
  • Stress-related factors
  • Medication
  • Psychotherapy
  • Out-patient Services
  • In-Patient Services
  • Hospitalizations

About 4%

of India's population fights OCD

1 in 25

people suffer form some type of OCD


patients reintegrated into society every year


Professionals specializing
in treating mental health disorders.

Our Professionals in Bangalore and Hyderabad

Dr. R. Priya Raghavan

MBBS, MRC-Psychiatry

Dr. Vishal Kasal

MBBS, M.D. (Psychiatry)

Dr. Arun Kumar

MBBS, M.D. (Psychiatry)

Dr. Keerthi Sagar

MBBS, M.D. (Psychiatry)

Dr. Raja Hiremani


Renuka B H

M.Phil (RCI) in Clinical Psychology

Dr. Anitha Bharathan

M.Sc (Psychology), M.Phil (RCI) Psychology, Ph.D in Psycho-oncology

Smicky Priya Das

M.Phil (RCI) & M.A. in Psychology

Gayathri Krotha

M. Phil (RCI) in Clinical Psychology

Shabdita Ritu Sarmah

M. Phil (RCI) in Clinical Psychology

Aparna Rani

M.Phil (RCI) in Clinical Psychology

Gowrishri S

M.Phil (RCI) in Clinical Psychology

Radhika Sahal

M.Phil (RCI) in Clinical Psychology, M.A. in Psychology

Manju TH

M.Sc in Clinical Psychology

Priyanka Kema

M. Phil (Clinical Psychology) (RCI), M. Sc (Clinical Psychology)

Dr. Bopanna Sridhar

 MBBS, M.D. (Psychiatry)

Sethu P S

MSW in Medical and Psychiatry

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Here's everything else you need to know about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition characterized by persistent, uncontrollable thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) individuals feel compelled to repeat. This article will delve into the various forms of OCD, its symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

What Is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder(OCD)?

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a chronic mental health condition characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts and repetitive behaviors. These compulsions, such as handwashing or counting, are attempts to alleviate the distress caused by the recurrent thoughts and affect the daily functioning of concerned individuals. OCD stems from complex interactions between genetic, neurological, and environmental factors, necessitating tailored therapeutic interventions for management.

Symptoms of OCD

Symptoms of OCD include persistent, unwanted thoughts, repetitive actions, severe anxiety, and the inability to control these thoughts and behaviors.

Obsession Symptoms

Obsession symptoms in OCD manifest as persistent, intrusive thoughts, images, or urges causing distress or anxiety. Common obsessions include fears of contamination, harming oneself or others, losing control, and a preoccupation with symmetry or order. These thoughts are unwanted and significantly interfere with daily functioning, leading to excessive worry, doubt, and difficulty in concentrating on tasks.

Compulsion Symptoms

Compulsion symptoms are repetitive behaviors or mental acts an individual feels compelled to perform in response to an obsession or according to rigid rules. These actions, aimed at reducing distress or preventing a feared event, include excessive washing, checking, counting, and arranging. Despite providing temporary relief, the relief is short-lived, leading to a reinforcing cycle of compulsions.

Other Common Signs and Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Beyond obsessions and compulsions, OCD can manifest through increased anxiety, significant distress when prevented from performing compulsive behaviors, excessive time spent on these behaviors or thoughts, and avoidance of situations that trigger obsessions. This condition can lead to problems in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning, impacting the overall quality of life and relationships. Some examples include:

  • Being aware and trying to control the number of inhalations and exhalations in a minute
  • Being aware and trying to control the number of times one blinks in a minute
  • Doubting partners for adultery without any valid reasons
  • Washing hands whenever there is contact with a doorknob, handle, or any other object.
  • Hoarding
  • Excessive Washing
  • Prayer

Causes of OCD

Causes of OCD involve a combination of genetic, neurological, environmental factors and life events, influencing its development and severity.

Biological Factors

Biological factors in OCD include abnormalities in certain areas of the brain, such as the orbitofrontal cortex and basal ganglia, and imbalances in neurotransmitters like serotonin. These neurological discrepancies can affect information processing, leading to the exaggerated thoughts and behaviors characteristic of OCD.

Genetic Influences

Genetic influences play a significant role in OCD, with research indicating a higher risk among individuals with first-degree relatives who have the disorder. While no single gene has been identified, the condition likely results from the interaction of multiple genes, contributing to its complexity and varying manifestations.

Learned Behaviors

Learned behaviors can contribute to the development of OCD, particularly through a process known as conditioning. If a person finds that certain actions reduce anxiety related to specific fears or obsessions, these actions can become compulsive behaviors. Over time, the compulsions are reinforced because they provide temporary relief from distress, perpetuating the cycle of OCD.

Brain Structure and Functioning

Alterations in brain structure and functioning, particularly in the orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and basal ganglia, are linked to OCD. These areas, responsible for planning, decision-making, and response to fear and anxiety, may operate differently in individuals with OCD, contributing to the disorder's characteristic patterns of thought and behavior.

Neurotransmitter Imbalance

OCD is associated with an imbalance in neurotransmitters, chemicals that transmit messages between brain cells. Specifically, serotonin, dopamine, and glutamate levels are often found to be irregular. These imbalances can disrupt normal communication pathways in the brain, leading to the intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviors seen in OCD.

Cognitive Processes

Cognitive processes in individuals with OCD often involve distorted beliefs about risk, responsibility, and harm, leading to excessive worry and the need to perform compulsions to mitigate perceived threats. Maladaptive beliefs and overestimations of danger can perpetuate the cycle of obsessions and compulsions, which are central to OCD's cognitive-behavioral model.

Risk Factors of OCD

Risk factors for OCD include a family history of OCD, indicating genetic susceptibility, and personal or childhood trauma. Stressful life events can act as triggers, while certain personality traits, such as high neatness or perfectionism, may also increase vulnerability. Early environmental influences play a significant role in risk elevation.

Types of OCD

  • Checking: This type involves constantly checking things repeatedly to prevent perceived danger or harm, such as ensuring that doors are locked or appliances are turned off.
  • Contamination: This type revolves around a fear of contamination from germs, dirt, or other pollutants, leading to excessive cleaning and washing behaviors.
  • Symmetry and ordering: Individuals are preoccupied with orderliness and symmetry. They may spend extensive time arranging objects to satisfy their precision and alignment needs.
  • Ruminations and intrusive thoughts: Involves unwanted, distressing thoughts or mental images. These can include aggressive, sexual, or religious themes, causing significant anxiety and discomfort.

Diagnosis of OCD

The diagnosis of OCD involves a comprehensive evaluation by a mental health professional, including a detailed clinical interview and symptom assessment based on the DSM-5 criteria. Tools such as the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) may be used to gauge the severity of obsessions and compulsions. Differential diagnosis is crucial to rule out other mental health conditions with similar symptoms.

Treatment of OCD

Treatment for OCD includes cognitive-behavioral therapy, specifically exposure and response prevention, alongside medications like SSRIs, offering effective symptom management.


Psychotherapy for OCD involves structured sessions with a mental health professional to address the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors associated with OCD. Techniques may include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which helps patients identify and challenge distorted cognitions and replace them with healthier ones, effectively reducing OCD symptoms and improving quality of life.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

CBT is a highly effective treatment for OCD, focusing on altering dysfunctional thoughts and behaviors. CBT teaches individuals to recognize and reevaluate their obsessive thoughts, confront their fears, and reduce compulsive behaviors. For personalized CBT strategies tailored to your OCD symptoms, consider exploring options with Cadabams.

Exposure and Response Treatments

ERT is a specific type of CBT that involves gradual exposure to the source of anxiety or obsession, followed by the prevention of the customary compulsive response. This technique helps reduce the anxiety associated with obsessions and diminishes the need for compulsive behaviors, leading to long-term improvements in managing OCD.

OCD Medication

Medication for OCD typically includes selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which help balance the brain's serotonin levels, reducing the severity of obsessions and compulsions. In more severe cases, other types of medication, like serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) may be used. Medications are often most effective when combined with psychotherapy.

Neurosurgical Treatment

Some newer studies show that gamma ventral capsulotomy, a surgical procedure, can be very effective for patients who do not respond to typical treatments and are significantly impaired. Still, it is underused due to historical prejudice and its invasiveness. Deep brain stimulation, which involves an implanted device in the brain, has data to support efficacy and does not permanently destroy brain tissue as done in a capsulotomy. However, it is still highly invasive and complex to manage, and there are limited providers and hospital systems trained to offer this treatment and able to provide the long-term support needed by DBS patients. 

Rehabilitation for OCD

Rehabilitation for OCD encompasses a comprehensive approach, integrating psychological and psychiatrist interventions, medication management, counselling and lifestyle adjustments. Tailored to meet individual needs, rehabilitation programs focuses on reducing symptoms, improving daily functioning, and enhancing coping strategies. Support groups and educational sessions help individuals understand their condition, fostering a supportive community for sharing experiences and strategies for managing OCD in everyday life.

Pioneering OCD Rehabilitation and Support at Cadabams

Cadabams is at the forefront of OCD rehabilitation and support, offering an integrative treatment approach that combines advanced psychotherapies, medication management, and personalized care plans. Our focus on holistic well-being and recovery is supported by a dedicated team of experts, state-of-the-art facilities, and a nurturing environment. Cadabams provides comprehensive support, including family education and therapy, to ensure sustained recovery and improved quality of life for individuals with OCD.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Self-Assessment

Take a 5-minute self-assessment test to see how severe your or your loved one's disorder is.

Frequently Asked Questions

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We have over 28 years of experience in the field of mental health. Our world-class treating team is headed by experts and pioneers who have treated and cured countless individuals. We are bringing cutting-edge technology with our expertise to build one of the best OCD treatment centers in India.

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