Bipolar Disorder, also known as ‘Manic Depression’, is a serious mental disorder causing extreme mood swings between mania and depression. But unlike ordinary mood swings, the behavioural changes in bipolar disorder are more intense, last a longer time and interfere with day-to-day life. However, bipolar disorder can be treated with medication and psychotherapy.
Types of Bipolar Disorder
|● Feel overly elated and outgoing
● Hyper energetic
● Driven and restless
● Suffer from insomnia
● Reckless, impulsive and high-risk behaviour
● Being irritable
● Talking fast
● Try to do multiple things simultaneously
|● Sudden decrease in activity levels
● Feel sad and hopeless
● Sleep too much or too little
● Fatigued and slowed behaviour
● Weight fluctuations
● Feel unnecessary guilt
● Indecisive and loss of interest
● Suicidal thoughts or attempts
There are many factors known to increase the risk of having bipolar disorder, including –
Family history: Bipolar disorder run in families. Genetic influences increase the risk of inheriting bipolar disorder ten-fold compared to general population, if one has a sibling or parent suffering from it.
The surrounding environment plays a big role in development of a child’s psychological health. It is found that the traumatic or abusive experiences in childhood can result in mood swings that can eventually lead to a full-blown disorder.
Brain function: MRI studies show the abnormal modulation of amygdala and other regions of brain causing erratic mood symptoms amongst those suffering from bipolar disorder.
Early diagnosis along with a proper treatment including medication and therapy can even help in severe cases of bipolar disorder and help the patient lead a balanced and productive life.
If you or your loved one is suffering from #BipolarDisorder urge them to seek help.
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