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Bipolar Disorder Can Be Treated

Bipolar Disorder Can Be Treated

Bipolar Disorder, Mood SwingsBipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder, also known as ‘Manic Depression’, is a serious mental disorder causing extreme mood swings between mania and depression. But unlike ordinary mood swings, the behavioural changes in bipolar disorder are more intense, last a longer time and interfere with day-to-day life. However, bipolar disorder can be treated with medication and psychotherapy.

Types of Bipolar Disorder

  • Bipolar Disorder Type I – It refers to periods of extreme manic episodes or mixed episodes – involving both mania and depression. Severe manic symptom cases may also require hospitalization
  • Bipolar Disorder Type II – It is marked by episodes of severe depression and mild hypomania
  • Cyclothymic disorder – It involves multiple periods of hypomania as well as mild depression over time. The episodes are not too severe or long-lasting
  • Rapid Cycling – It involves a person experiencing four or more manic or depressive episodes in a year, which can lead to severe depression or suicide attempts
  • Mixed Features – A person experiences polarizing symptoms of mania and depression simultaneously


Each stage of Bipolar disorder exhibits different symptoms that can vary between individuals. The most common symptoms are broadly divided into two stages.

Mania Depression
●      Feel overly elated and outgoing

●      Hyper energetic

●      Driven and restless

●      Suffer from insomnia

●      Reckless, impulsive and high-risk behaviour

●      Being irritable

●      Talking fast

●      Try to do multiple things simultaneously


●      Sudden decrease in activity levels

●      Feel sad and hopeless

●      Sleep too much or too little

●      Fatigued and slowed behaviour

●      Weight fluctuations

●      Feel unnecessary guilt

●      Indecisive and loss of interest

●      Anxiety

●      Suicidal thoughts or attempts


There are many factors known to increase the risk of having bipolar disorder, including –

Family history: Bipolar disorder run in families. Genetic influences increase the risk of inheriting bipolar disorder ten-fold compared to general population, if one has a sibling or parent suffering from it.

Environmental :

The surrounding environment plays a big role in development of a child’s psychological health. It is found that the traumatic or abusive experiences in childhood can result in mood swings that can eventually lead to a full-blown disorder.

Brain function: MRI studies show the abnormal modulation of amygdala and other regions of brain causing erratic mood symptoms amongst those suffering from bipolar disorder.

Early diagnosis along with a proper treatment including medication and therapy can even help in severe cases of bipolar disorder and help the patient lead a balanced and productive life.

If you or your loved one is suffering from #BipolarDisorder urge them to seek help.


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