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Dementia Treatment : All You Need To Know

Dementia Treatment : All You Need To Know

Dementia is an umbrella term for all diseases that relate to a loss of memory, language, problem-solving, and thinking skills (often called cognitive abilities) that impact the overall ability to function.

Dementia is a progressive disorder that degenerates the brain cells and destroys memory. Normally, it begins from mild and matures to severe over time. Without proper diagnosis or dementia treatment, the illness can make life challenging, even doing daily tasks could become difficult. Before understanding the treatment options, let’s understand a few things about dementia.

Dementia is not constrained by age, anyone can get dementia. Many of the individuals believe that dementia is a disease that only affects the aged and is irreversible. However, early diagnosis and intervention is key to effective management.

It is somewhat disappointing that more information regarding Dementia is not in the mainstream media. While millions of families suffer in silence, the numbers continue to increase as more people continue to be diagnosed with this insidious disease.

According to the research studies, In India, only 1 out of 10 people with Dementia receive a diagnosis, dementia treatment, or care.

Moreover, the number of younger patients with early-onset Alzheimer’s is also on the rise. While the typical age for diagnosing Alzheimer’s is 80 years old, today doctors are seeing people as young as 45 with early signs of dementia. For families with minor children still living at home, having a parent diagnosed with early-onset dementia affects social and emotional development and places family dynamics under an incredible amount of stress.

Hence, continued research and commitment towards dementia treatment, and ultimately a cure, for Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia are essential.

What are the Primary Symptoms and Causes of Dementia?

Most dementias are progressive i.e. their symptoms start slowly and over time get worse. Some of the most common symptoms of Dementia include:

  • Subtle changes in personality
  • Lapses in memory
  • Difficulty in performing daily tasks
  • Lose the ability to swallow, control bladder, and bowel functions
  • Signs of depression, anxiety, frustration are common
  • Disturbed sleep, delusions, and hallucinations

As stated earlier, Dementia is a broad term that covers multiple diseases like Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and others. It is usually caused by brain cell death, and neurodegenerative disease (progressive brain cell disease that happens over time). In some cases, dementia can also be triggered due to a head injury, a stroke, infection in the central nervous system, excessive alcohol consumption, or a brain tumor.

Why is early diagnosis of Dementia important?

Most individuals have the belief that if they’re forgetting things, it’s just a sign of confusion and work pressure. Consulting a doctor for immediate assistance is often considered out-of-line. However, in reality, there’s no single test for dementia diagnosis. Doctors and psychiatrists diagnose all forms of dementia by analyzing your medical history, performing physical checkups, laboratory tests, and by tracking any abrupt changes in your behavior, character, or day-to-day functions.

In most cases, doctors figure out the probable causes by running multiple tests and then reading your symptoms. However, at times, identifying the exact type of dementia becomes trickier as the symptoms can often overlap. In case your doctor doesn’t specify a type, you can consult with a neurologist.

If dementia is diagnosed earlier, the psychiatrist may help in treating it by reversing its symptoms. By following the proper medications, dementia therapies, and early treatments one can reduce the severity and minimize the symptoms.

Different Forms of Dementia: A Quick Overview

Mostly dementia occurs due to age-related factors or because of existing family history. Different forms of dementia impact your daily life in myriad ways and the treatment to depends on the type of dementia you have. Some of the most common forms of dementia include:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Vascular Dementia
  • Frontotemporal Dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease

It’s one of the most well-known and common types of dementia. In the initial stages, the symptoms might not be even visible, but as time progresses, the following symptoms are visible and start hindering the daily schedule of an individual:

  • Memory Loss
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty in Communicating
  • Anxiousness
  • Paranoia
  • Abrupt behavioral and personality changes

The exact cause of why Alzheimer’s disease triggers is still unknown, but many psychiatrists and doctors conclude that it’s because of a brain cell death. As the cells start dying, the person starts experiencing a memory loss. Earlier, the usual age of Alzheimer’s development was more common in senior citizens (above 7), but of late, the onset of the disease is now more common in people who’re in the range of 40 – 50 years.

Doctors may recommend multiple diagnostic tests for dementia that increase the chances of improvement in an individual suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. Early intervention has been proven to be effective in slowing down the disease.

Vascular Dementia

Also called the “multi-infarct dementia” or “post-stroke dementia”, it’s the second most common form of dementia. It primarily triggers when there’s a lack of blood flow within the brain leading to a silent stroke and is more common in individuals who’re aged. Its symptoms include:

  • Issues in planning and making decisions
  • Trouble speaking and understanding speech
  • Walking issues leading to multiple falls
  • An abrupt change in personality and random mood swings
  • Vision problems and hallucinations

Vascular dementia shortens a person’s lifespan and lack of oxygen can often impair the functioning of your brain. If you develop an aneurysm (or a blood clot), it can further prevent blood-flow within your veins. Depending on which side of the brain gets damaged, the treatment will take place.

In general, there’s no specific cure for vascular dementia, but the doctors can surely treat the ailment to prevent further brain injury. In severe cases, they can also recommend suitable dementia medications and therapies to manage the symptoms.

Frontotemporal Dementia

This is one of the rarest forms of dementia and unlike above-discussed forms, there’s no memory loss in this type. In Frontotemporal dementia (also called the Pick’s disease), you undergo multiple behavioral and emotional changes rather than cognitive impairment. The most common symptoms include:

  • A decrease in empathy
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Loss of motivation
  • Decreased inhibitions
  • Speech problems that include forgetting the meaning of common words

There are subtle signs of muscle weakness too that often trigger problems with swallowing, chewing, and controlling bladder or bowel movement.

Frontotemporal dementia is most common in individuals who are nearly 45 years old and run in families that have certain mutations in their genes. It also occurs when the frontal lobe of the brain is damaged or shrinks. 

Frontotemporal dementia treatment guidelines include the usage of certain medicines to reduce agitation, signs of irritability and depression, and improve the general quality of life.

How to Treat Dementia – What are your options?

Dementia Treatment

While there is currently no known cure for Dementia, it is encouraging to know that there are treatments you can avail to improve the brain and memory function. Some of the dementia treatments are-

Medications: A number of drugs are available today for improving brain function. A combination of medications such as psychotropic drugs( antipsychotics medications), anti-anxiety medications, antidepressants helps in the improvement of cognitive and behavioral symptoms.

Antipsychotic medications for dementia treatment can be effective in reducing persistent feelings of aggression. Anti-anxiety medications help reduce feelings of restlessness and agitation. Likewise, antidepressant medication alleviates the symptoms of depression in people with dementia.

Psychotherapy: Psychotherapies, in particular, behavioral approaches help in reducing the severity of problematic behaviors in people with dementia, such as aggressive behaviors. This method also identifies the triggering elements of this problematic behavior that can help in devising an intervention that can be effective in managing them.

Medication regime: Treating dementia with certain drugs to prevent strokes help reduce the risk of brain damage. In the case of a brain stroke, certain drugs used to improve memory in Alzheimer’s disease have proven helpful in recovery. Most risk factors leading to the development of cardiovascular dementia are the same as ones that can develop a cerebrovascular disease.

These include cholesterol problems, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, blood pressure. Hence any preventive action, as well as treatment of these problems, can help manage or even prevent cardiovascular dementia.

Support groups: Support groups are a popular form of encouragement and education for family members who are also serving as the primary caretaker of people with dementia. These groups allow members to share experiences, and even more important, provide an outlet to socialize with others in similar circumstances.

Natural treatment for dementia in old age

Dementia Treatment

Along with a healthy balanced diet, herbal remedies and dietary supplements including vitamin B9, vitamin B12, and vitamin E, are promoted as treatments for dementia as these have shown some effectiveness in prevention.

Other natural therapies with regular activities of daily living also help people with dementia. Also, physical therapy improves body movements and helps people learn to use walkers or sticks properly. Occupational therapy, music, art activities as well as aromatherapy (the therapeutic use of pure plant essential oils), may be helpful and have a fulfilling and calming effect on people with dementia.

Dementia Treatment in India

While it is sad to see any person impacted in such a negative manner from a cognitive and physical standpoint, we must realize this disease also affects families and not just the individual. The condition gets progressively worse as time goes on. Hence it is crucial for the family member to improve care proportionately.

If your loved one has Dementia, then get the best Dementia Treatment in Bangalore, India today at Cadabam’s.

Call us @ 96111 94949 to learn more about dementia treatment options.