If your child struggles with listening, speaking, reading, writing or math, it could be a sign of a specific learning disability.
Early diagnosis is essential to managing it successfully.
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Specific Learning Disability: An overview
Symptoms can include:
Persistent difficulties in reading, writing, arithmetic or mathematical reasoning
Inaccurate and slow reading and difficulty with spelling
Problems with grammar, punctuation or organisation while writing
Difficulty in remembering number facts
Trouble applying mathematical concepts while solving problems
For the appropriate diagnosis of specific learning disabilities, several types of tests are conducted, which include
Intelligence tests, such as the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WIPPSI), Differential Abilities Scales (DAS), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), etc.
Achievement tests, such as the Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT), Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement (WJ), etc.
Visual-motor integration tests like the Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration and the Bender Visual Motor Integration.
Language tests like Goldman Fristoe Test of Articulation, Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals and the Test of Language Development.
There’s no cure for a specific learning disorder. However, certain ways can be followed to improve the reading, writing and mathematical skills of a child.
For children with reading difficulties –
Special teaching techniques can be used that may include multisensory experiences to help a child learn.
Some modifications can be done within the classroom, such as giving extra time to complete the tasks or providing recorded tests to enable the child to hear the questions.
Children with reading impairment can benefit from listening to audiobooks or using word-processing programs.
For children with writing disabilities –
Students can be allowed to offer oral exams.
A child can be allowed to use an audio recorder in class instead of taking notes on paper.
The teacher may also provide printed study notes to reduce the need for writing.
For impairment in mathematics –
Visual techniques can be adopted to draw pictures of word problems or using coloured pencils to mark different parts of problems.
Learning math concepts can be easier with rhymes and music.
Computers may be used as well for math drills and practice.
Our treatment programs and methods are designed to cater to your child’s unique and evolving needs.
We can help advance your child’s skills with our education plan and resources which is precisely tailored for them.
We monitor your child’s progress on a regular basis and constantly focus on updating the programs accordingly.
Our child development experts work with you and other members of the mental healthcare team to help your child cope up with learning disabilities in an effective way.
At Cadabams, we provide clean, modern, fully furnished accommodations with all the necessary creature comforts.
Kitchen and dining hall, laundry facilities, indoor games area, yoga and meditation hall, outdoor games area for cricket, badminton, Round the clock psychiatrist and counsellor support, 24×7 ambulance on demand.
Our everyday menu is curated by Dieticians aimed at providing healthy and nutritious and tasty meals to satisfy everyone’s palate.
Recreation facilities such as TV, sports, gym, picnics and outings and more.
A child with SLD is able in all areas like other children except in one of the areas of learning like difficulty to write (Dysgraphia).
Dysgraphia is difficulty in writing resulting in inaccurate and illegible writing. Dysgraphia exists in a varying degree which does not match the person’s intelligence and ability to read.
Dyslexia is the difficulty with the use of both written and oral language. Dyslexia varies between individuals and can occur in people of all abilities; Most often, people with dyslexia have distinctive talents as well as a typical cluster of difficulties.
Dyscalculia is the difficulty with mathematical skills like addition, subtraction, multiplication and mental arithmetic. People with dyscalculia also have difficulty with abstract concepts of time and direction or a sequence of events. They may also have a poor sense of direction and can get lost.
Struggling to keep up with classmates and seeing themselves as of no good or as stupid
Difficulty to follow lessons
Avoid doing school work
Due to difficulty and inability, self-confidence dips down
Getting angry and frustrated leading to behavioural problems
Proper identification of problem
Support from special educator and family
Clarity when speaking: long and complex sentences or instructions should be avoided
Get face to face with the person with SLD. Making eye contact and talking by being at their level helps.
Instructions should be one stage rather than two stages such as “put on your shirt” rather than “Put on your shirt and do up the buttons so we can go”
Reduce the clutter in a child’s life. Instead of lots of toys to play with giving two or three at a time
Encourage the child with SLD to make clear choices such as ‘Would you like to play with the cat or rabbit’
Individuals with SLD often experience low self-esteem and so it is important to notice and reward efforts and successes even if they are small
Help them develop non-academic areas of competence such as sports, art or music that will provide the individual with a feeling of competence and promote