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Specific learning disability(SLD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that negatively impacts a person’s ability to listen, speak, read, write, or make calculations. Since such disorders usually begin at an early age, it is easy to identify the learning difficulties in their childhood.. However, some issues may not be recognized until adulthood.
Learning disabilities can vary from one child to another. For instance, one child may be struggling with spelling and reading, while another loves to read but won’t understand simple math equations. Sometimes children may have difficulty communicating and understanding what another person is trying to say. To identify the learning difficulties of students, you have to understand that the problems are very different.
Since there is a wide variety of learning disorders in children, there is no single symptom or profile that you can look at as the cause of the problem. But, there are some warning signs which are common and appear at different ages. You must know what these signs are so that you can catch the disability in the early stages and receive learning disability treatment and intervention.
Listed below is a checklist of common red flags that come with learning disorders in children. You have to remember that children who don’t have learning disorders can still face difficulties while learning. You should be concerned when your child is consistently uneven in mastering specific skills.
Symptoms of learning disabilities at preschool age:
Symptoms of learning disabilities from age 5-9:
Having a learning disability is a lifelong challenge. But, with appropriate support, learning disability treatment and intervention, one can achieve success in school, at work, in relationships, as well as in society.
Learning disabilities is an umbrella term that refers to the following specific learning disorders in children.
Dyslexia: Dyslexia in children is characterised by a difficulty with reading. They find it hard to associate the letters they see on a page with the sounds they make due to which they can’t read something fluently and effortlessly.
The signs of dyslexia can be seen in children even before they start learning to read. It is often seen that people with the condition will have difficulty breaking down spoken words into syllables as well. Children in kindergarten won’t be able to learn to recognise and write letters as quickly as their peers. Besides, dyslexic individuals may also have troubles with spelling and accuracy.
Dysgraphia: In dysgraphia, a child’s handwriting ability and motor skills are affected. They will have difficulty with writing, the spacing between words, grammar, spatial planning on paper, punctuation, etc.
Dyscalculia: Dyscalculia is a specific learning disability that affects a child’s ability to learn number – related concepts and perform mathematical calculations using its functions and symbols.
If learning disorders are not identified and managed at the right time, it can have adverse impacts throughout the life of an individual. In addition to having low academic achievements, they will be prone to developing poor mental health, low self-esteem, psychological distress, and have a higher risk of dropping out of school and under-employment/unemployment.
So, is there any treatment for learning disabilities?
Although there’s no cure for a specific learning disorder, certain methods that can be followed for SLD treatment and improving the reading, writing, and mathematical skills of a child.
Special teaching techniques: This includes helping a child learn through various multisensory experiences. It’s done by providing immediate feedback, which increases and strengthens the child’s ability to recognize words.
Classroom modifications: In this treatment, the teacher can provide students extra time to finish tasks and provide recorded tests. This will allow children to listen to questions, instead of having to read them.
Using technology: Children who have reading impairment will benefit from audiobooks or they can use word processing programs with spell check features
If your child has a reading impairment, then you can seek a rehabilitation center in Bangalore for an effective treatment.
Special tool: here teachers can offer oral tests or allow the student to videotape the reports
Using technology: Children can use word processing programs, instead of writing by hand. A rehab in Bangalore will teach your child to use technology to overcome written expression impairment
Bangalore rehabilitation center also suggest providing study sheets that help kids overcome the need for writing
For kids who are impaired in mathematics, experts at Bangalore rehabilitation center suggests the following treatments:
Visual techniques- teachers can draw pictures of word problems and show the child how to differentiate between problems.
Using memory aids- Music and rhyme help the child memorize and retain the math concepts
Using computers- A child can use computers for practice and math drills.
For children with reading difficulties –
For children with writing disabilities –
For impairment in mathematics –
For the appropriate diagnosis of specific learning disabilities, several types of tests are conducted, which include
Children have their own pace and style of learning things. But if you see that your child is having trouble with numbers, speech, or letters, it’s one of the early signs that your child might be having a learning disability. Although the child may have average or above-average intelligence, they will often find it hard to express their knowledge and master certain tasks.
If your child is a slow learner, their thinking skills and intelligence will develop slowly as compared to other children in their age group. However, they will go through the same basic developmental stages as other children.
It could be due to a deficit in the functioning of the central nervous system making it difficult for them to read, write, reason, memorize, pay attention, and lack in motor coordination, visual perception, impulse control, etc.
A learning disorder is a lifelong issue. Although it can’t be cured, it can be managed with the right support and intervention so that children with the disorder can do well in schools and build a successful career in their lives.
Yes, learning disabilities have a genetic component and can run in families. Just like other traits that we inherit from our parents and grandparents, learning abilities can also be passed down in the family through the genes. It is highly likely for a child to have similar learning disabilities as their parents.
Learning disorder, in no way, indicates that a child is less intelligent. Children with a learning disorder, such as dyslexia or dyscalculia will need additional help and will have to adopt certain strategies to overcome their difficulties. A learning therapist can guide your child on how to study more effectively.
If your loved one is dealing with Specific Learning Difficulties, reach us at +91 97414 76476. We are always there to help you. Reach out to us today to know more about specific learning disabilities. You can also mail us your queries to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Disclaimer- It is important to note that the word disorder should not be used. Instead, the phrase learning disabilities or learning differences. When using the word disabilities, ensure that there is an emphasis on the person having the disability, i.e – ‘person with the disability’ as opposed to ‘diasabled’. Learning differences, in particular, include conditions that may not be medically diagnosed in certain countries and aptly address the varying intensity and different types.
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A child with SLD is able in all areas like other children except in one of the areas of learning like difficulty to write (Dysgraphia).
Dysgraphia is difficulty in writing resulting in inaccurate and illegible writing. Dysgraphia exists in a varying degree which does not match the person’s intelligence and ability to read.
Dyslexia is the difficulty with the use of both written and oral language. Dyslexia varies between individuals and can occur in people of all abilities; Most often, people with dyslexia have distinctive talents as well as a typical cluster of difficulties.
Dyscalculia is the difficulty with mathematical skills like addition, subtraction, multiplication and mental arithmetic. People with dyscalculia also have difficulty with abstract concepts of time and direction or a sequence of events. They may also have a poor sense of direction and can get lost.