Substance abuse causes substance addiction. It is a chronic disease characterized by the compulsive need to seek sub irrespective of its harmful effects. It causes lasting changes in the brain.
In order to recover and undo effects of the substance, the individual and his family members must undertake rehabilitative measures.
Rehabilitation helps encourage the addicted individual to:
- cease the use of substances.
- live a substance-free life.
- lead a productive life with family, at work, and in society.
There are several treatments undertaken in order to treat substance abuse:
Detoxification is the start of the rehabilitation process. It is a process by which individuals receive medications in order to rid their body of the harmful substances indulged during the abuse.
Withdrawal symptoms are experienced and with the help of medications, they can be suppressed. The process is a safe and undertaken by professional medical and mental care experts.
Behavioural interventions are undertaken in order to modify individual’s attitudes and behaviours related to substance use as well as help them develop and increase healthy life skills.
Interventions like cognitive-behavioural therapy that individual recognize, prevent and cope with situations that compel them to use substances.
multidimensional family therapy is a therapy that focuses on substance abuse problems and maladaptive family patterns that influence substance abuse. It also helps improve overall well being of the family. Contingency management that uses positive reinforcement to encourage behaviours to abstain from substance use.
Substance abuse rehabilitation encourages group therapy. These group sessions encourage recovering addicts to learn and grow from each other’s experiences and progress. This helps individuals immensely to know that they are not alone in their recovery struggles.
They also find solace in each other’s stories of addiction and recovery. This sense of support is vital to an individual’s recovery process. Groups like Narcotics Anonymous are well-known group therapy programs.
Relapse preventive measures
Medications under the supervision and prescription of mental and medical health professionals are provided to individuals to help them re-establish normal functions and lower their cravings for the substance.
Along with this psychotherapy, motivation enhancement therapy and insight building are undertaken to make sure the relapse is prevented.
Substance abuse rehabilitation programs are extremely helpful for individuals with substance abuse problems. From round the clock medical professionals to tailor-made treatment programs, rehabilitation provides individuals with skills and training to overcome their need for substance use.
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