Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a pattern of instability in an individual’s self-image, affects and interpersonal relationships which is marked by impulsivity. A personality disorder is a persistent pattern of an individual’s inner experience and behaviour that distinguished from one’s cultural expectations.
This pattern of behaviour is inflexible and usually occurs in one’s adolescence or early adulthood. Personality disorder causes immense distress and impairment in various areas of living for the individual.
The symptoms of BPD manifests in different ways, they include the following. To be diagnosed with BPD, one must show atleast five of the following symptoms. These symptoms could occur from early adolescence.
- Fear of being left alone– Here the individual takes desperate measures in order to avoid any kind of abandonment. The abandonment could be real or perceived.
- Instability in relationships– BPD is marked by an individual’s inability to maintain or sustain relationships. A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation.
- Identity disturbance- Individual’s in BPD show persistent instability when it comes to their self-image or sense of self.
- Impulsivity– Individuals who suffer from BPD show spontaneous and uninhibited behaviour in at least two areas of living that end up being self-damaging. Areas such as sexual intimacy, spending behaviour, substance use, eating, etc. They engage in increased reckless and risk taking behaviours like driving recklessly.
- Suicidal behaviour– Individuals experience and engage in recurrent suicidal behaviour and gestures. They would also adopt self harm threatening means. They have also had past experiences of self harm.
- Instable affect- Individuals here experience mood and emotional fluctuations that could last about from a few minutes to hours to even days. Suddenly going from happy to sad. Along with that they also experience irritability and anxiety.
- Feelings of emptiness- Individuals with BPD also experience emptiness or void within them. This feeling of emptiness drives them to engage in impulsive behaviours in order to somehow could fill in their void.
- Intense anger- Individuals with BPD also experience intense and irrational anger that ends up being quite difficult to control. They would frequent display anger, engage in physical fights, etc.
- Suspicious without proper evidence- Individuals with BPD experience paranoia and suspicion of other’s motives towards themselves that could sometimes be incongruent with reality. They could also experience dissociative symptoms, where in they would feel spaced out or have an outer body experience.
Individuals who are diagnosed with borderline personality disorder find experience instability their whole lives; i.e. in their relationships, thoughts, moods, behaviour, and even in their concept of themselves. Hence it is vital to provide them with a sense of stability, security and unconditional support. For assistance, call us now on +919611194949.