Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder that is driven by undesirable thoughts known as obsessions that compels repetitive behaviours, known as compulsions. However, it varies from individual to individual in the way in which symptoms of OCD are experienced.
OCD forces your brain to get stuck on a particular task or a thought and develop an anxiety if the task is not repeated. This unwanted repetition isn’t something you find pleasure from, and even though you know that your obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior are irrational, you are unable to resist it.
Obsessions are irrational thoughts or impulses that are repetitive in nature. Most of these thoughts are often disturbing and distract you, there may be a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety if these obsessions are not acted upon.
In most cases, they are mostly accompanied by feelings of fear, disgust, doubt, or a feeling that things have to be done in a way that is “just right.” Obsessions are time-consuming and affect your ability to function.
There’s a fine line between worrying about something and someone and being obsessed. Thinking about the safety of your loved one, or wondering about whether you’ve locked the doors aren’t necessarily the symptoms of OCD.
It is only when these thoughts block out everything else and affect your ability to process other thoughts that it is classified as an obsession. These OCD intrusive thoughts are quite unlike general thought processes and hijack the mind to trigger a response.
Some of the most common obsessions in OCD are:
Compulsions, on the contrary, are repetitive behaviors you undertake to drive out the obsessions. However, in most cases, these compulsive behaviors end up causing anxiety within you as you find them time-consuming and demanding.
Though these acts are designed to relieve the stress brought on by an obsession, it’s not always the case. Individuals who suffer from these disorders do know that these actions make no sense, but they are tempted to still act on it to relieve their anxiety.
Similar to obsessions, not all repetitive actions are termed as compulsions, the context of the behaviour is important.
Some of the most common Compulsions include:
Based on the nature of the symptoms experienced OCD can be divided into different types. There are five main categories of OCD and numerous sub-types within each category.
Here an individual’s fear of contracting something is the obsession and he needs to wash and clean is the compulsion. Examples, Resorting to washing and cleaning excessively when using public toilets, shaking hands with others, touching doorknobs/handles, visiting hospitals, etc. (Fear of contracting germs).
Cleaning or washing is often undertaken multiple times throughout the day. It often is accompanied by rituals of repetitive washing of hand or body until the individual ‘feels clean’.
Here an individual often experiences prolonged thinking about any question or theme which leads to being mostly unproductive and undirected. Ruminations are often indulged and not objectionable. rather than resisted. The themes experienced while ruminating are philosophical, religious, or metaphysical in nature. Like, life after death, origins of the universe, etc.
Rumination often ends up causing interferences with the individual’s daily living like work, relationships, etc.
Here an individual experiences obsessional thoughts that are repetitive, and repugnant in nature. For example, thoughts of causing harm to others or loved ones. Intrusive thoughts often end up causing interferences with the individual’s daily living like work, relationships, etc.
The very idea of their ability to think such thoughts in the first place can be horrifying. However, these individuals are incapable of reality to act on the thoughts as they find them revolting and would go to great lengths to prevent them from happening.
Some categories of intrusive thoughts are;
Intrusive thoughts often end up causing interferences with the individual’s daily living like work, relationships, etc.
Here an individual’s fear of harm, loss, or death is the obsession and need to check is known as a compulsion.
Checking of gas or electric stove knobs, (fear of causing burn down), water taps (fear of flooding), door locks (fear of robbery), etc.
Checking is often undertaken multiple times throughout the day and ends up being extremely time-consuming.
It ends up being extremely time consuming and interferes with daily living like work, relationships, etc.
Here an individual’s inability to dump or trash purposeless or worn out possessions, save or collect things even when they have no space to keep is known as hoarding.
There are 3 categories of hoarding;
Generally, a typical treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder includes a combination of psychotherapy (CBT or ERP), and medications or a combination of both for optimal results.
It primarily helps in relieving obsessions and compulsions. One of the most effective psychotherapy treatments includes – Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP – a type of CBT).
ERP therapy is designed in a way that helps the individual control and tolerate the anxiety associated with obsessive thoughts and simultaneously not allowing them to act on a compulsion to reduce that anxiety. With consistent practice, the anxiety reduces and the individual feels better.
To cut down the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, experts and medical practitioners often prescribe antidepressants alongside the therapy sessions.
One of the most common antidepressants often recommended by experts is called Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) as it has been benefited many individuals by reducing their obsessions and compulsions.
However, based on the nature of your symptoms there are a variety of treatment options available and tailor-made specifically to the type of OCD you are suffering. From Neurofeedback treatment, psychotherapy and medications OCD symptoms can be managed and controlled.
The common types of OCD such as cleaning/washing, aggressive type or the symmetry type can be easily detected. They all have an obvious compulsive behaviour the individual engages often engages in. But there is type of OCD..…………
Depression is one the most common disorder seen to occur with OCD. It might occur along with OCD or it can result as an effect of OCD. There is 41% chance of developing this disorder along with OCD……….
However, it varies from individual to individual in the way in which symptoms of OCD are experienced. Based on the nature of the symptoms experienced OCD can be divided into different types. There are five main categories of OCD,…………….
Sexual obsessions are sexual thoughts which is a subcategory of intrusive thought and a type of obsessive compulsive disorder………………
Research explains individuals who suffer from OCD mostly had parents, siblings or other family members who had suffered from OCD themselves……………
a small percentage of people suffering from OCD. Studies show that lifetime prevalence of OCD in India is 0.6% against 2-3% reported in the European and North American studies. Untreated OCD is……………
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder wherein an individual experiences recurring and undesirable thoughts, sensations…………
People with OCD know well that thoughts creating anxiety are not true but are unstable to control them which is the hallmark of OCD………………
Symptoms of OCD may differ from individual to individual and depends on the type of obsessions or compulsions the individual is experiencing. Here are the symptoms of OCD with regards to the different types of OCD:
Medications: Medications are also prescribed to individuals with OCD; it helps reduce the physical symptoms of anxiety. Also, individuals with OCD are…………….
Obsessions: This is one of the distinct features that differentiate both OCD and OCPD. Individuals with OCD have clear…………
When an individual is diagnosed with two mental disorders it is known as co morbidity. And OCD is seen to have quite a few co morbid disorders. They might occur along side OCD, before or after OCD…
However, it varies from individual to individual in the way in which symptoms of OCD are experienced. Based on the nature of the symptoms experienced OCD can be divided into different types…….
The cleaning and/or washing type of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common type among other types………….
Be it addiction to alcohol and drugs or Major mental illnesses (Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder, Personality disorder, OCD, Depression) or……………………..
I used to get tired very easily. There used to be days, when I used to sleep for 6 to 12 hours, but other days, I only slept…………………
Alzheimer’s symptoms are managed with the help of cholinesterase inhibitor drugs which temporarily improves or stabilizes…………..
It is important for family members, friends and caregivers, to speak up and spread the awareness and change the overall…………….
Many individuals experience euphoria and feeling of relaxation. Other basic impacts, which may fluctuate significantly…………….
Particularly, Bhang is a commonly used entertainment substance. It is mixed with sweets, snacks or a mock-tail of dry-fruits and…………….
Today people have a service which they can call to get telephonic advice and actual emergency crisis care. Before that…………..