Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder wherein an individual experiences recurring and undesirable thoughts, sensations or ideas which is known as obsessions that compels them to carry out behaviour on repetition which is known as compulsions.
Let’s understand the difference between Obsession and Compulsion;
|What are they?||They are thoughts, ideas and impulses.||They are actions.|
|What do they do?||They cause unwanted feelings, anxiety and distress.||They are performed to cope with obsessions.|
|Relation||They lead to compulsions. (Cause)||They result due to obsessions. (Effect)|
|Disruption||They disrupt the mental wellbeing.||They disrupt the physical wellbeing.|
|Repetition||Repetition in thoughts, ideas and impulses.||Repetition in actions.|
|Themes||Contamination– Fear of contracting something, like dirt, germs, chemicals, etc.E.g. Shaking hands with others thinking, ‘Did I contract germs from them?’||Washing or cleaning- Because of the excessive fear they wash and clean themselves, excessively. And sometimes to the point being ritualistic in nature.|
|Unintentional harm to self or others– Fear of harming themselves or others through negligence.E.g., ‘What if I didn’t lock the doors properly?’||Checking– Because of the excessive fear of burglary they would check doors, locks, to make sure everything is fine.|
|Symmetry– A need to have items or things in a specific order and symmetry.E.g. Aligning clothes in a certain way, for example in colour, or facing a certain direction.||Counting, tapping and touching objects. Compulsions involved her would be counting, tapping, touching objects in a particular way or particular times.|
Because obsessions are repetitive ideas and thoughts that are unwanted in nature causing distress and anxiety, Compulsions are carried out to make individuals feel safer. These compulsions end up being ritualistic and repetitive to reduce the stress but if the ritual is disrupted they would harness an unrealistic fear (obsession) as they didn’t complete the ritual. Culminating to a vicious cycle,
So suppose, an individual has an obsessional thought of dying due to the cooking stove being on (obsessional thought) hence causing him to stress, he would repeatedly check (compulsive behaviour) and this checking makes him ‘feel’ safe (short term relief) so he decides to check 5 times before leaving for work. Now if suppose one day he wasn’t able to check the stove ‘5times’ (compulsive behaviour) he begins then to develop irrational fear of dying (obsessional thought) due to the cooking stove being on causing him to stress and hence would go to great lengths to make sure he check ‘5 times’ daily to feel safe. Unfortunately these obsessions don’t “go away”, until the ritual is performed.
While in OCPD the individual tends to be so organized and work oriented that they complete all their tasks on the fixed time consistent with rules, regulations and precision…..
Around 2.3% of the population from the ages 18- 54 suffer from Obsession Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The mental disorder is characterized by obsessions……..
In OCD an individual has obsession and compulsions. Obsessions are a kind of images, thoughts and ideas that come to one’s mind……..
It is a never ending craving, a compulsion to have it on a daily basis with each passing day the craving for ‘more’ assuming greater proportion.
Here an individual’s fear of contracting something is the obsession and he need to wash and clean is the compulsion. Examples……..
Obsession with perfection, orderliness, cleanliness, repeated washing of hands and spending hours in bathroom, constant and repeated checking, counting etc.
The compulsion here is a direct result of the obsession. The common types of OCD such as cleaning/washing, aggressive type or the symmetry……..
Hence here the individual is not allowed to carry out the compulsion with the expectation that the obsession would, with repetitive exposure, become habitual.
At first the workout may start as a healthy activity but slowly it turns into an obsession the individual finds hard to separate from.
You know you have an alcohol dependency problem when you consume alcohol on a regular basis and find it difficult to function without it.
Support makes an immense difference in the outlook for schizophrenia especially the support of family and close friends. When you have……..
In most of the cases it has been the opportunity and support of the community that has made the difference. Hence ANVESHA……..
Brain structure: Studies have shown that particular difference brain structures play important role schizophrenia. These changes are present in all individuals……..
The only difference here is that the individual is required to stay only for a few weeks in the organisation. Recovery from……..
In your eagerness to wriggle out of it certain actions becomes so repetitive that it turns into a serious obsession. Diagnosed with OCD……..