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Causes of Obsession Compulsion Disorder OCD

Causes of Obsession Compulsion Disorder OCD

OCD, Causes of Obsession Compulsion Disorder, Obsession Compulsion Disorder, genetic causes, cognitive causes, neurological causes

Well known causes of OCD

Around 2.3% of the population from the ages 18- 54 suffer from Obsession Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The mental disorder is characterized by obsessions are repetitive ideas and thoughts that are unwanted and distressing and Compulsions that are ritualistic actions carried out to deal with obsessions.

Individuals with obsessions and/or compulsions;

  • Face great distress and anxiety, even when they know that their obsessions are unreasonable.
  • Engage in time consuming activities.
  • Face interferences in daily living, areas like work, school, home, social activities and personal relationships.

Even with extensive research conducted there is no definite cause found to identify why an individual develops Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). However, scientists and researchers believe OCD would likely be resulted due to a combination of the below given reasons;

  • Genetic causes

Research explains individuals who suffer from OCD mostly had parents, siblings or other family members who had suffered from OCD themselves and also these individuals have a high chance of passing it off to their offspring.

  • Neurological causes
  • Scientists found that there are certain parts of the brain that are different in individuals who have OCD than individuals who don’t.
  • The circuit in the brain is activated to wash one’s hands post using a bathroom, this is an urge that arises post an appropriate behaviour. But in individual who suffers from OCD have difficulty switching off these urges from the circuit, and hence causes them to continue, with repeating the behaviour, i.e. continuous hand-washing.
  • There is link that an imbalance in a brain chemical known as serotonin increases the chances of developing OCD. Serotonin helps with judgment and planning areas of the brain that is associated with body movements.
  • Dysfunctions in the glutamatergic system also show associations with OCD, schizophrenia and autism.
  • PANDAS stand for Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal infections.
  • It is a particular type of OCD that occur in children as a result of an infection that has harmed the body.
  • The symptoms of OCD occur very suddenly, causing a severe impact on the child’s life.
  • Behavioural causes
  • The behavioural perspective implies that individuals with OCD tend to associate particular objects or situations with fear and learn to develop a ‘ritual’ to avoid the triggers of fear. This known as the fear-avoidance (ritual) cycle.
  • Example, a individual who used to use a public bathroom, when under stress, may connect that if used the toilet seat they will catch germs. And so they may begin to entirely avoid using public bathrooms and if necessary to use public bathrooms, they may begin an elaborate cleaning ritual, like cleaning the seat, etc.
  • These behaviours or rituals could provide temporary relief from feeling fear but it is never dealt with, and over time it only reinforced.
  • Cognitive causes
  • This perspective explains how individuals with OCD misread their thoughts. They tend to have exaggerated thought processes.
  • Example, an individual who is who is looking after a child and who is under extreme pressure may begin to have intrusive thought of harming the child. Most individuals would disregard the thought but an individual who suffers from OCD tend to exaggerate the significance of the thought. And believe that they may pose a threat to the child and then feel anxious and disgust towards themselves.
  • In order to combat these thoughts they would begin a ritual like praying, etc.
  • Environmental causes
  • Stressors in the environmental may trigger OCD in individuals who have genetic predisposition to it.
  • It increases the risk of developing OCD up to 53-73%.
  • Any traumatic life events could trigger the onset of OCD, such as abuse, accidents, changes in living conditions, death of a loved one, issues or stress at work or personal relations and health problems.

Treatments specified to the above targeted areas are available and can help both in controlling and managing Obsessions as well as Compulsions. Complying to the treatment is very essential. What has seemed to have worked best is a multi approach from psychiatrist and a psychologist. They use pharmacological and various psychotherapeutic approaches to work towards a better you and a better managed OCD. To get help, you can call our helpline number +919611194949.

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