Cocaine is the second most illegally trafficked drug in the world. Its use is widespread across people of diverse age groups, economic background and occupation. Hence we need more awareness around cocaine addiction and its treatment options to prevent the rampant drug use and help the youngsters say no to cocaine addiction.
What is Cocaine?
Coke, Aunt Nora, Crack, Blow, Snow, etc, are some of the street names cocaine is recognised by. It is a powerful stimulant, extracted from coca leaves and is generally available in powder or crystal form. Cocaine is often mixed with other substances like cornstarch, powdered sugar, talcum powder etc. for use.
How does it work?
Cocaine stimulates the key pleasure centres of the brain by increasing the availability of neurotransmitter dopamine, causing a temporary euphoria or a rush of energy. Once the high wears off, the user experiences a psychological desire to use the drug again. Thus, what begins as recreational use, often leads to cocaine addiction. The threshold of cocaine tolerance also increases, prompting higher consumption to experience a similar high as before. This puts an addict at a risk of a lethal overdose.
Cocaine is consumed in different ways.
Cocaine addiction over time can interfere with the way the brain processes chemicals, thereby increasing the drug dependence. The fatal ill-effects of cocaine dependence range from
Battling cocaine addiction takes a toll on one’s physical as well as mental health, as the craving for the drug is too strong to shake off easily. Continued therapy – both, behavioural as well as pharmacological, along with a proper support system can help an addict overcome cocaine dependence and stay sober.
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