In obsessive compulsive disorder or OCD obsessions are the intrusive and repetitive images and thoughts which are extremely distressing to the individual and compulsions are the act the individual ritualistically performs to reduce the distress. The compulsion here is a direct result of the obsession.
The common types of OCD such as cleaning/washing, aggressive type or the symmetry type can be easily detected. They all have an obvious compulsive behaviour the individual engages often engages in.
But there is type of OCD that is very hard to notice, they are commonly known as “pure-O” or pure obsessions. Here the individual only tends to have obsessions.
Many a times in pure-O the individual may belief for years that they do not have any obvious compulsive behaviour and in some cases it can be true. But in most cases the individual does have a compulsion, mental compulsion acts.
In this mental act the individual pays deep attention to the obsessive thought or image and starts questioning them over and over and try to find possible solutions. This mental act of going over the obsessive thought over and over again is known as rumination. Individuals tend to ruminate on certain topics:
Many assume rumination to be the intrusive thoughts and images that occur in OCD, which many consider as misleading. Rumination is a mental act the individual engages in to reduce distress experiencing from obsessive thoughts.
Individuals many go on rumination on one obsessive thought, questing and trying to find answers, for hours and even days. They may normal but the individual themselves know how distressing it is.
The individual may go on for years assuming they only have obsessions and no compulsions for it. Ruminations in OCD are very hard to detect but once detected the individual can help reducing and eventually stop it.
Most treatment options for OCD operates on the basis that engaging in compulsion strengthens the obsession thus they focus on preventing the individual from engaging in the compulsive behaviour.
Likewise, for rumination the individual can engage in other activities when they realise they are ruminating. Individuals can engage in activities like singing a song or focusing on something in their environment.
When one realises they are not able to stop or control their rumination, professional help is necessary. Treatment options such as cognitive behavioural therapy, counselling, group therapies and other psychotherapies are available to help the individual cope with their obsessions. For treatment options from our expert team, call us on +91611194949.
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