Effects Of Alcoholism In Youth

Alcoholism is medically diagnosed as a disease that exhibits itself in the individual’s frequent use of alcohol irrespective of its negative consequences. Death due to alcohol abuse is over 100,000 and is in an ever-increasing state; from accidents to organ failures the effect is far and reaching. Alcohol consumption affects the individual both mentally and […]

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Alcoholism: When can suddenly ...

You went out last night. Did you had a drink. You feel like you’ve been drinking too much and you want to stop so you stop. Most people feel like that after a lot of occasional drinking. However, social or occasional infrequent drinking is not alcoholism. Suddenly stopping drinking can be a bad idea. If you […]

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Alzheimer’s Disease: Treatment...

Mrs. S’s 70-year-old husband forgot to pick the grandkids from school today. She did notice something has been up with him lately but just couldn’t understand what. Is old age catching up to him? He never remembers anything she tells him to do these days. Sometimes he has difficulty remembering names of some family members. […]

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10 Signs You May Have Obsessiv...

As per WHO (World Health Organisation), About 2% of the world’s population suffer from OCD which is roughly 1 in 50 people. OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) is a type of anxiety disorder that causes obsessive and compulsive thoughts to a person. This article highlights the various types of symptoms that are associated with OCD. Listed below […]

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How to Stop Porn Addiction?

As most of us realize there is a great and lot deal of porn floating around the web these days. With porn so easy to come by it, there is also a little surprising fact that porn addiction is on the rise and no wonder how it is fueled. Many people will and may be […]

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Hypomanic phase of Bipolar Disorder and its treatment options

Racing Thoughts - Could It Be HypoMania?Hypomania can be described as a part of Bipolar II Disorder. The symptoms are similar as that of Manic episodes, but with significant differences.

  • They aren’t severe enough to disrupt or interfere with day-to-day life, or require hospitalisation
  • They do not include psychotic features

Hypomania can leave people feeling euphoric, hyper energetic and productive and they may appear more outgoing, positive, sociable than they usually are. The episode can last at least 4 days, through most of the days. 3 or more of the following symptoms are found during hypomanic mood disturbance.

  • Exaggerated self confidence or self-esteem
  • Racing thoughts and rapid or speech
  • Hyperactivity
  • Decreased sleep
  • Impulsive decision
  • Erratic and risky behaviour like buying sprees, sexual indiscretions etc.

Hypomania often disguises itself under happiness and unabating optimism. Since the   symptoms are not severe, it is often difficult to accurately diagnose the cases early on. If left untreated, hypomania can escalate into a full-blown mania, followed by a major depressive episode. Hence, it is important to encourage patients to speak up for proper diagnosis and seek treatment. Treatments for hypomania include prescribing preventive drugs as well various therapies. The medication includes –

  • Mood stabilizers – Drugs like Lithium, Carbamazepine and Valproate are used to control elated moods. For e.g.
    • Lithium usually takes weeks to have an effect. But long-term use can adversely affect kidney and thyroid functioning
    • Carbamazepine is an antiseizure drug that helps preventing recurring episodes of highs and lows
  • Antipsychotic Drugs – Some antipsychotic drugs are used as a preventive measure depending on severity in certain cases
  • Tranquilizers – They provide a short-term control on symptoms like insomnia and agitation

Therapies for Hypomania treatment

  • Psychotherapy or ‘Talk Therapy’ – It helps in understanding one’s past, to bring necessary changes and avoid the occurrence of hypomanic symptoms. Talk therapy provides continued support to ensure that prescribed medicines are taken properly
  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy – It is normally a short-term therapy that helps in identifying your thinking pattern and triggers to prevent recurring episodes
  • Mindfulness – It is a holistic approach for maintaining one’s well being. Mindfulness is usually done in groups and involves meditation, breathing exercises and yoga to bring about both physical and mental change. It makes a person more aware of their thoughts and feelings which make it easier to manage them

 

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