In India, Tobacco Consumption is the most popular form of both smoke and smokeless. Global cigarette consumption has been rising steadily since James Bonsack invented the first cigarette-rolling machine in 1881. By the 1960s, the incontrovertible health consequences of smoking had become apparent. The total number of smokers is increasing mainly due to the expansion of the world’s population. Unless smoking prevalence rates decline dramatically, the absolute number of smokers will continue to increase (WHO).
In Tobacco Consumption, the male percentage is 20 – 29.9% and the female percentage of tobacco consumption is 20.3% (WHO, 2008; GATS 2009 -2010).
Tobacco Consumption harms nearly every organ of the human body. The tobacco consumption may give rise to adverse health effects such as cancer, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, reproductive diseases & other diseases.
In India, every day 2500 people per day were dying due to tobacco consumption & every year 9 lakh people were dying due to Tobacco Consumption. A man who consumes tobacco may increase their risks of dying from bronchitis by nearly 10 times, from emphysema by nearly 10 times and from lung cancer by more than 22 times.
A woman who consumes tobacco may increase the risk of dying to heart disease and lung cancer by nearly 12 times. The people who are consuming more number of tobacco in any form is to be taken seriously and immediately the tobacco cessation programme is to be evaluated on them through various assessments.
Since the consumption of tobacco is increasing day-by-day, this study aims to bring awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco consumption & suggests suitable measures to prevent people from consuming tobacco and to promote tobacco cessation counselling.
India is second among the top 20 countries with the highest male smoking populations. In India, 229, 392, 725 male smokers are using all tobacco products according to Global Tobacco Survey of 2008 estimate. India is third among the top 20 countries with female smoking populations according to Global Tobacco Survey of 2008. In India, 11, 908, 517 female smokers are using all tobacco products.
Compared with non-smokers, smoking is estimated to increase the risk of
Smoking causes the following cancers:
Smoking is associated with the following adverse health effects:
Tobacco Cessation is an effort to quit tobacco use at an individual level that may or may not be supported by external help i.e., family, community or health professionals. It can be described as an act, requiring a good deal of will power to overcome immediate discomforts that accompany the withdrawal of Nicotine.
Tobacco cessation (colloquially quitting) is the process of discontinuing the practice of inhaling a smoked substance. Tobacco cessation programs mainly target tobacco smoking, but may also encompass other substances that can be difficult to stop using due to the development of strong physical addictions or psychological dependencies resulting from their habitual use. This study focuses mainly on the cessation of Tobacco consumption. However, the methods described may apply to the cessation of smoking other substances.
A person with Tobacco addiction along with some manifest diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disorder, peripheral vascular diseases, diabetes, mellitus, lung disease, psychiatric conditions etc.
The available tobacco cessation programs in India are:
It is believed that very few smokers can successfully quit the habit in their very first attempt. Many studies indicated that many smokers find it difficult to quit, even after they get afflicted with tobacco-related diseases. A serious commitment and resolve are required to arrest nicotine dependency. For that Tobacco Cessation Counseling is needed.
The stages of Tobacco Cessation programs are:
The Intervention techniques used in this Tobacco Cessation Counseling are:
This Study reviews the current status of tobacco-related problems and suggests that the Tobacco Cessation Programme as an effective method to quit the habit of consuming tobacco and provides a piece of information about Tobacco withdrawal treatment. The persons who receive Tobacco Cessation Counseling training were significantly more likely to intervene with persons who use tobacco in any form.