Celebrities with Bipolar Disor...

‘Like seriously!!!???’ We do say “what?!”, “really!?”, “OMG!!!”; when we are surprised. When we know something new we are surprised, and when we know about the famous faces, this expression is magnified and the news goes viral.     Do these faces looks familiar to you? Yes, these faces are known worldwide for their work, […]

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Heroin Addiction

Do you know how the heroin addiction is getting a worrying trend these days? Here are few statistics that reveal how much it is being abused around the world-   A world report estimates that 13.5 million number of people take opioids out of this 13.5 million people, about 9.2 million are known to the […]

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Effects of Weed

Do you know? Weed contains 50% to 70% more cancer-causing substances (more than tobacco) comparatively.   What is weed? Weed also called marijuana, cannabis, ganja and bhang many names exist for this greenish-gray blended component of dried leaves, flowers and seeds of Cannabis sativa (the hemp plant). You can see people use weed in hand-rolled […]

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Bipolar Disorder Treatment

Importance of Treatment Therapies for Bipolar   Aditi Mishra, an assistant professor of the department of psychology and behavioral sciences from Bangalore  says “With no proper care and attention, bipolar disorder can get worse with more episodes turning the situation more challenging for the person”.  So the question here is can a person dealing with […]

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Bipolar Disorder Causes

“If you misunderstand the causes of Bipolar disorder, it might be incorrectly diagnosed  as depression in women or schizophrenia in men.” What is Bipolar? Bipolar is a condition in which the individual suffers mood swing from extremely high to extremely low for a specific duration of time, that depends on the severity of the individual’s […]

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A Complete Read on Dementia

dementia-superJumboIt may be an early warning sign of dementia if you’re becoming increasingly forgetful. In reality, dementia isn’t a specific disease, but a word used to describe a set of symptoms that follow when the brain cells stop functioning properly. Dementia is attributed as the loss of mental ability. It deteriorates thinking and remembering abilities of the affected individuals. Dementia is progressive in nature, which means the symptoms would steadily get worse as the brain cells get older. It is treatable up to some extent and becomes incurable for irreversible symptoms. This article gives you a brief overview of the symptoms, causes and types of dementia along with its treatment approaches.

Symptoms of Dementia

Unlike other diseases, dementia has a set of two groups of symptoms: reversible symptoms and irreversible symptoms. These symptoms depend on etiologies of the disease and are usually subtle. Sometimes, it is hard to recognise them for a number of years. The most commonly seen symptoms of dementia include: memory loss, problems with language and abstract thinking, difficulty in performing routine tasks, reduced or poor judgment, disorientation of place and time, frequent changes in mood, behavior and personality, misplacing things and loss of initiative. The speed at which symptoms get worse is based on the causes of dementia that may vary from person to person.

Causes of Dementia

Dementia is primarily caused by damage to the brain cells. If the brain cells don’t communicate normally, thinking power, feeling and behavior can be affected. Different types of dementia are linked with certain types of the brain cell damages. Most changes in the brain that cause dementia are enduring. Thinking and memory problems are caused by medication side effects, depression and excess use of alcohol, vitamin deficiencies and thyroid problems. Dementia could be categorised in different ways and are clustered by what they’ve in common. Categories of dementia that aren’t reversible include: lewy body dementia, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia.

Treatments for Dementia

In most cases, dementia can’t be reversed. Treatment programs for dementia depend upon its causes. There is no treatment for progressive dementias including Alzheimer’s disease, but drug treatments may temporarily improve symptoms.  Non-drug therapies could also be used to alleviate some symptoms of dementia. A few cases of dementia are caused by medical conditions that could be treated. The basic treatments prescribed by doctors are:

  • Administration of thyroid hormones for hypothyroidism
  • Conducting surgery if the cause of dementia is a tumor
  • Antake of vitamins for cases with deficiency of vitamin B12
  • Medicines are prescribed to treat infections affecting the mental state
  • Medicines such as memantine, inhibitors and antidepressants are prescribed to ease agitation, aggression, anxiety and hallucinations

 

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