MORE THAN JUST A DISEASE RELAP...

Relapse can always bring a full stop to a refreshed curing therapy. What causes this to happen? As cited below through a few examples, are negative emotional states, physical discomfort, positive emotional states, conflicts with others etc.etc. Most important to remember is that relapse doesn’t mean that the treatment process is a failure or the […]

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ECT- A prompt and effective cu...

It’s a pity that even over 70 years after the first successful demonstration of its efficacy in the treatment of acute mental illnesses like schizophrenia, there is still very little informed public opinion about Electroconvulsive Therapy or ECT. Although, it is a fact that ECT is one of the most effective method for treating severe […]

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Yoga and beating alcoholism

Alcoholism is the dependency on alcohol that has a physiological and psychological impact on a person’s life. According to WHO, about 30% of Indians consume alcohol, out of which 4-13% are daily consumers and up to 50% of these, fall under the category of hazardous drinking. Another worrying trend from India is that the average […]

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Beating Addiction Stigma and S...

Recent Post How to find the best psychiatric hospital in Bangalore? It also provides the facility for family members to stay along with the patient; who gives them a better understanding of the…….. Is Manic Depression Genetic/ Hereditary? A chemical known as serotonin in the brain, has strong affects on an individual’s mood. The abnormalities […]

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Recent Post How to find the best psychiatric hospital in Bangalore? It also provides the facility for family members to stay along with the patient; who gives them a better understanding of the…….. Is Manic Depression Genetic/ Hereditary? A chemical known as serotonin in the brain, has strong affects on an individual’s mood. The abnormalities […]

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A Complete Read on Dementia

dementia-superJumboIt may be an early warning sign of dementia if you’re becoming increasingly forgetful. In reality, dementia isn’t a specific disease, but a word used to describe a set of symptoms that follow when the brain cells stop functioning properly. Dementia is attributed as the loss of mental ability. It deteriorates thinking and remembering abilities of the affected individuals. Dementia is progressive in nature, which means the symptoms would steadily get worse as the brain cells get older. It is treatable up to some extent and becomes incurable for irreversible symptoms. This article gives you a brief overview of the symptoms, causes and types of dementia along with its treatment approaches.

Symptoms of Dementia

Unlike other diseases, dementia has a set of two groups of symptoms: reversible symptoms and irreversible symptoms. These symptoms depend on etiologies of the disease and are usually subtle. Sometimes, it is hard to recognise them for a number of years. The most commonly seen symptoms of dementia include: memory loss, problems with language and abstract thinking, difficulty in performing routine tasks, reduced or poor judgment, disorientation of place and time, frequent changes in mood, behavior and personality, misplacing things and loss of initiative. The speed at which symptoms get worse is based on the causes of dementia that may vary from person to person.

Causes of Dementia

Dementia is primarily caused by damage to the brain cells. If the brain cells don’t communicate normally, thinking power, feeling and behavior can be affected. Different types of dementia are linked with certain types of the brain cell damages. Most changes in the brain that cause dementia are enduring. Thinking and memory problems are caused by medication side effects, depression and excess use of alcohol, vitamin deficiencies and thyroid problems. Dementia could be categorised in different ways and are clustered by what they’ve in common. Categories of dementia that aren’t reversible include: lewy body dementia, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia.

Treatments for Dementia

In most cases, dementia can’t be reversed. Treatment programs for dementia depend upon its causes. There is no treatment for progressive dementias including Alzheimer’s disease, but drug treatments may temporarily improve symptoms.  Non-drug therapies could also be used to alleviate some symptoms of dementia. A few cases of dementia are caused by medical conditions that could be treated. The basic treatments prescribed by doctors are:

  • Administration of thyroid hormones for hypothyroidism
  • Conducting surgery if the cause of dementia is a tumor
  • Antake of vitamins for cases with deficiency of vitamin B12
  • Medicines are prescribed to treat infections affecting the mental state
  • Medicines such as memantine, inhibitors and antidepressants are prescribed to ease agitation, aggression, anxiety and hallucinations

 

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