Alcoholism addiction treatment

When an individual feels that they are no longer in control of their addictive habit despite the medications they take or are constantly tempted and exposed to the addictive substance, a rehabilitation program is needed. Alcohol rehabilitation program is an intense recovery program that requires motivation, determination and social support to help the suffering individual […]

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Co morbidity in OCD

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is distressing in itself as it affects the individual’s thoughts and behaviour. Through years of studies it is also seen that most often OCD occur with another mental illness. When an individual is diagnosed with two mental disorders it is known as co morbidity. And OCD is seen to have quite […]

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Types of Obsessive Compulsive ...

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is mental disorder that is driven by undesirable thoughts known as obsessions that compels repetitive behaviours, known as compulsions. However, it varies from individual to individual in the way in which symptoms of OCD are experienced. Based on the nature of the symptoms experienced OCD can be divided into different types. […]

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Alcoholism facts

1. Alcoholism causes various short term health hazards. The short term harm alcohol causes are the health conditions apart from diseases. It includes injuries caused by accidents, falls, homicides, sexual assaults, alcohol poisoning, etc. Under the influence of alcohol individuals have judgments and decision making skills are inhibited, this might be the reason behind the harmful […]

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Neurofeedback for alcoholism

A number of new methods and therapeutic techniques are coming up to make the journey towards recovery effective, easier and smoother. One of these attempts is integrating neurofeedback in the recovery program. Neurofeedback is a therapeutic intervention that uses biofeedback mechanism. Here medical instruments, sensors, are attached to the individual’s head and face region. These […]

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A Complete Read on Dementia

dementia-superJumboIt may be an early warning sign of dementia if you’re becoming increasingly forgetful. In reality, dementia isn’t a specific disease, but a word used to describe a set of symptoms that follow when the brain cells stop functioning properly. Dementia is attributed as the loss of mental ability. It deteriorates thinking and remembering abilities of the affected individuals. Dementia is progressive in nature, which means the symptoms would steadily get worse as the brain cells get older. It is treatable up to some extent and becomes incurable for irreversible symptoms. This article gives you a brief overview of the symptoms, causes and types of dementia along with its treatment approaches.

Symptoms of Dementia

Unlike other diseases, dementia has a set of two groups of symptoms: reversible symptoms and irreversible symptoms. These symptoms depend on etiologies of the disease and are usually subtle. Sometimes, it is hard to recognise them for a number of years. The most commonly seen symptoms of dementia include: memory loss, problems with language and abstract thinking, difficulty in performing routine tasks, reduced or poor judgment, disorientation of place and time, frequent changes in mood, behavior and personality, misplacing things and loss of initiative. The speed at which symptoms get worse is based on the causes of dementia that may vary from person to person.

Causes of Dementia

Dementia is primarily caused by damage to the brain cells. If the brain cells don’t communicate normally, thinking power, feeling and behavior can be affected. Different types of dementia are linked with certain types of the brain cell damages. Most changes in the brain that cause dementia are enduring. Thinking and memory problems are caused by medication side effects, depression and excess use of alcohol, vitamin deficiencies and thyroid problems. Dementia could be categorised in different ways and are clustered by what they’ve in common. Categories of dementia that aren’t reversible include: lewy body dementia, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia.

Treatments for Dementia

In most cases, dementia can’t be reversed. Treatment programs for dementia depend upon its causes. There is no treatment for progressive dementias including Alzheimer’s disease, but drug treatments may temporarily improve symptoms.  Non-drug therapies could also be used to alleviate some symptoms of dementia. A few cases of dementia are caused by medical conditions that could be treated. The basic treatments prescribed by doctors are:

  • Administration of thyroid hormones for hypothyroidism
  • Conducting surgery if the cause of dementia is a tumor
  • Antake of vitamins for cases with deficiency of vitamin B12
  • Medicines are prescribed to treat infections affecting the mental state
  • Medicines such as memantine, inhibitors and antidepressants are prescribed to ease agitation, aggression, anxiety and hallucinations

 

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