Borderline Personality Disorde...

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and addiction can go hand to hand. The question that arises here is whether the hen came first or the egg? The same applied with BPD and with substance abuse.  they are not guaranteed co-occurring illness, talk about how many ppl with addiction have chances of this. What is Borderline Personality […]

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Living With Dementia Parent As...

Hello, I am Kamal Jeet Singh, I am a caregiver for my dad who’s suffering from dementia since 2016. Recently, I read a piece of news and got to know that 40-60% of dementia caregivers experience significant stress. Such an immense number kept me worried. According to my layman knowledge, at least 50% of them […]

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All you need to know about Fac...

Too much of anything is dangerous, and so is the same with Facebook. Yes, Facebook has become so popular that psychologists identified a new mental health disorder called “Facebook Addiction Disorder”. Yes, you heard it right!   “Facebook addiction according to psychologists, is a fine line between social networking and social dysfunction.” Infact – Facebook […]

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Is Parkinson’s a form of...

Yes, Parkinson’s disease is a type of Dementia. It is a progressive disorder that affects changes in the body movement. The average age of onset of Parkinson’s disease is 60 years and the longer somebody has it, the more likely they are to develop dementia. What causes the illness? What are the symptoms, risk factors […]

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Dementia Caregiver Stress

Frankly, caregiving is not an easy task to do. The role of a caregiver demands more patience, better understanding, self-discipline, above all a scads of responsibilities. If you are into this role, firstly, pat yourself on your back, you are doing a fabulous job! A recent study published by the National Academy of Science suggests […]

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Is Depression for Real?

Hospital for depression treatmentYou are depressed if you find yourself feeling extremely hopeless and disheartened or dejected most of the times.

Depression is an illness which involves your body, mood, thoughts and attitude and affects your eating and sleeping pattern, as well as other habits.

Depression is not a “phase”. It cannot simply be done away with by wishing so.

If not treated, the symptoms of depression can last for weeks, months or even years

Symptoms of Depression

Among the many symptoms of depression, some of the more prominent ones are:

  • weariness
  • decreased energy
  • feeling of worthlessness
  • insomnia
  • loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed (including sex)
  • change in eating habits- overeating or loss of appetite

These symptoms may often be dismissed as ‘just a phase’, but they are not.

Causes of Depression

Although the exact cause for depression cannot be pinpointed, only a few factors may be the possible root cause of this condition. Some people may experience depression if they are suffering through a serious illness, while others undergo depression with major life changes- such as moving from one city to another, or change of jobs, et cetera. Still others go through this with a family history of depression, where they feel sad for anonymous reasons.

Some of the well-known causes of depression are:

  • If you have been physically, mentally or sexually abused in the past, or if this abuse is ongoing, you may be more prone to depression
  • You may develop depression if you have any conflicts or fights with family members or friends
  • Certain medications, such as Accutane (used to treat acne) and corticosteroids can increase your chances of depression
  • The death or loss of a loved one which may cause sadness or grief, may increase your risk of depression
  • Other personal problems such as being socially isolated or awkward due to other mental illness or being cast away by family or friends can also lead to depression
  • Sometimes, depression exists as a result of a terminal or serious illness
  • Approximately 30% of the people who have substance abuse problems also have clinical or major depression

Types of Depression

Major Depression

This is also called “Major Depressive Disorder”. You have this kind of depression if you feel depressed for a majority of most days of the week. The symptoms of Major Depression include loss of interest in pleasurable activities, weight loss or gain, difficulty concentrating or making decisions and thoughts of suicide.

It can be treated with therapy and medications, and if both of these methods fail, then electroconvulsive therapy or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation may be used, as well.

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Depression that lasts for two or more years, is known as Persistent Depressive Disorder. Priorly, it used to be known as dysthymia. Symptoms include changes in eating and sleeping patterns, loss of energy, lowering of self-esteem and feeling of hopelessness.

If you have this, it can be treated with psychotherapy, medication, or both.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder used to be known as “manic depression”. Here, you may experience mood periods, swinging between the extremes- ranging from “up” and happy moods to “low” and depressive periods.

If you have Bipolar Disorder, you may be treated with medication, drugs, antidepressants as well as psychotherapy.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

If you experience major depression during the winter months, you are undergoing SAD. This happens only during the winters as the duration of the days grows shorter, and you do not get sufficient sunlight.

The treatment includes antidepressants as well as light therapy. Light therapy requires you to sit in front of a light box for about 15 minutes to half an hour everyday.

Psychotic Depression

Psychotic Depression is when you have depression, accompanied with psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions and paranoia.

It may be treated with a combination of antidepressants and antipsychotic medicines. Electroconvulsive therapy may also be used.

Postpartum Depression

Women experiencing major depression in the weeks after childbirth have postpartum depression.

This kind of depression can be treated using antidepressant drugs.

Situational Depression

Your doctor may refer to this as “stress response syndrome”. Situational Depression is when you feel depressed while dealing with some stressful event in your life, such as the death of a family member.

The treatment includes psychotherapy. Treatments are available for when you are diagnosed with depression. If someone you know if suffering through depression, or if you notice any of these symptoms in your loved ones, urge them to seek help. Because suffering through depression alone can be tough. Speak your mind.


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