8 Types of Depression You May ...

Types of Depression! Does depression have types? According to WHO (World Health Organization), India is the most depressed country in the world. The shocking statistics from WHO suggest that there is a lack of awareness in the country and the stigma associated with it is very high. Majority of people know what is depression but […]

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Why Some People Are More Prone...

It may seem freaky, bizarre to some, but yes it is true- many people around the world are prone to depression! It’s not just us who are telling but also research findings have proved it. “The prevalence of depression globally has been increasing in recent decades ranging from 20% to 25% in women and about […]

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How I got addicted to Alcohol?

Hello, this is Raajan Vasudev Menon from Bangalore. I am a recovered alcohol addict who’s just out of a rehab centre. I like to share my story to all, especially parents on- how your alcohol practice may affect your children’s life. There is no confusion from where to start with. For every annual leave, I […]

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Depression or Sadness- how do ...

Nobody would welcome the feelings of dejection or sadness, but feeling low can sometimes feel like a  normal emotion, and a natural response to disappointment or loss. But it is vital to note that if this sadness persists for a long duration of time, it can be devastating. However, depression is a mental health condition […]

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Why is Overcoming Alcohol Addi...

Alcohol addiction does lead to bad behaviours and is dangerous. But why is Overcoming Alcohol Addiction So Hard? “I admire anyone who rids himself of an addiction” – Gene Tierney Overcoming Alcohol Addiction is Hard- why? A person may not admit he is an alcoholic as he starts out seeking or experiencing a sense of […]

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Is Depression for Real?

Hospital for depression treatmentYou are depressed if you find yourself feeling extremely hopeless and disheartened or dejected most of the times.

Depression is an illness which involves your body, mood, thoughts and attitude and affects your eating and sleeping pattern, as well as other habits.

Depression is not a “phase”. It cannot simply be done away with by wishing so.

If not treated, the symptoms of depression can last for weeks, months or even years

Symptoms of Depression

Among the many symptoms of depression, some of the more prominent ones are:

  • weariness
  • decreased energy
  • feeling of worthlessness
  • insomnia
  • loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed (including sex)
  • change in eating habits- overeating or loss of appetite

These symptoms may often be dismissed as ‘just a phase’, but they are not.

Causes of Depression

Although the exact cause for depression cannot be pinpointed, only a few factors may be the possible root cause of this condition. Some people may experience depression if they are suffering through a serious illness, while others undergo depression with major life changes- such as moving from one city to another, or change of jobs, et cetera. Still others go through this with a family history of depression, where they feel sad for anonymous reasons.

Some of the well-known causes of depression are:

  • If you have been physically, mentally or sexually abused in the past, or if this abuse is ongoing, you may be more prone to depression
  • You may develop depression if you have any conflicts or fights with family members or friends
  • Certain medications, such as Accutane (used to treat acne) and corticosteroids can increase your chances of depression
  • The death or loss of a loved one which may cause sadness or grief, may increase your risk of depression
  • Other personal problems such as being socially isolated or awkward due to other mental illness or being cast away by family or friends can also lead to depression
  • Sometimes, depression exists as a result of a terminal or serious illness
  • Approximately 30% of the people who have substance abuse problems also have clinical or major depression

Types of Depression

Major Depression

This is also called “Major Depressive Disorder”. You have this kind of depression if you feel depressed for a majority of most days of the week. The symptoms of Major Depression include loss of interest in pleasurable activities, weight loss or gain, difficulty concentrating or making decisions and thoughts of suicide.

It can be treated with therapy and medications, and if both of these methods fail, then electroconvulsive therapy or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation may be used, as well.

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Depression that lasts for two or more years, is known as Persistent Depressive Disorder. Priorly, it used to be known as dysthymia. Symptoms include changes in eating and sleeping patterns, loss of energy, lowering of self-esteem and feeling of hopelessness.

If you have this, it can be treated with psychotherapy, medication, or both.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder used to be known as “manic depression”. Here, you may experience mood periods, swinging between the extremes- ranging from “up” and happy moods to “low” and depressive periods.

If you have Bipolar Disorder, you may be treated with medication, drugs, antidepressants as well as psychotherapy.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

If you experience major depression during the winter months, you are undergoing SAD. This happens only during the winters as the duration of the days grows shorter, and you do not get sufficient sunlight.

The treatment includes antidepressants as well as light therapy. Light therapy requires you to sit in front of a light box for about 15 minutes to half an hour everyday.

Psychotic Depression

Psychotic Depression is when you have depression, accompanied with psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions and paranoia.

It may be treated with a combination of antidepressants and antipsychotic medicines. Electroconvulsive therapy may also be used.

Postpartum Depression

Women experiencing major depression in the weeks after childbirth have postpartum depression.

This kind of depression can be treated using antidepressant drugs.

Situational Depression

Your doctor may refer to this as “stress response syndrome”. Situational Depression is when you feel depressed while dealing with some stressful event in your life, such as the death of a family member.

The treatment includes psychotherapy. Treatments are available for when you are diagnosed with depression. If someone you know if suffering through depression, or if you notice any of these symptoms in your loved ones, urge them to seek help. Because suffering through depression alone can be tough. Speak your mind.

 

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