Refusal skills: Is it complica...

Recent studies have shown that many youths want to get withdrawn from drugs, alcohol and even sexual addiction. Why getting addicted? Influence – from media, society, friends, organizations. So then, How to say NO and mean it? It’s easy to “Just sneak out for a night to have some shots and have fun!” “Just once” […]

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Grief and Management of Compli...

Coping with the loss of someone or something you love is one of life’s great difficulties. If you have experienced the pain of mourning, you know that any way to ease the loss is welcomed. Often, the pain of loss can feel overwhelming. You may experience all kinds of difficult and unexpected emotions, from shock […]

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Religious Practice: Personal E...

It was like any other regular day at Rehabilitation centre meeting families and reviewing the progress of residents but I was a for a sudden surprise when a parent wanted to discharge the resident on the recommendation of an Astrologer and perform a certain type of tantric rituals to ward off the evils. At the […]

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Stages of Alcoholism

Alcohol is the most commonly abused substance creating serious medical, social & psychological problems. Likewise, we do have different stages of alcoholism. What is Alcoholism and Stages of Alcoholism? Most definitions of alcoholism incorporate the following dimensions: Large quantities of alcohol consumed over a period of years. Physiological manifestations of ethanol addiction Loss of control […]

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When does drinking become bing...

Drinking alcohol is a common social practice in our society. But, how much alcohol is too much and of all the above when does drinking become binge drinking disorder?   Binge Drinking Disorder Binge drinking is a phenomenon that’s been around for a very long time. Generally, binge drinking is purposeful drinking. People drink for […]

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8 Types of Depression You May Not Know About

Types of Depression! Does depression have types?

According to WHO (World Health Organization), India is the most depressed country in the world. The shocking statistics from WHO suggest that there is a lack of awareness in the country and the stigma associated with it is very high. Majority of people know what is depression but aren’t aware of it types and their severity. This blog throws light on the types of depression that you are not aware of!

8 Types of Depression

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

MDD is the most common type of depression that prolongs for more than a week or two. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), about 7% of the world population suffers from it. MDD is also known as unipolar depression or clinical depression. A person with MDD may have the following symptoms that include,

  • Depressed mood
  • Lack of energy or interest in the activities
  • Sleep issues
  • Changes in appetite
  • Lack of concentration
  • Suicidal thoughts

Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD)

Unlike MDD, the persistent depressive disorder (PDD) may not be that as severe. Perhaps it’s effects are mild, moderate or severe for a longer period. Sometimes it prolongs for a year or two. PDD is also known as dysthymia or chronic depression. The symptoms of PDD include,

  • Feeling low mood
  • Irritable
  • Poor judgement
  • A feeling of hopelessness or worthlessness
  • Sleep issues

Bipolar disorder

Manic depression is the outdated name of the bipolar disorder. In this types of depression, the individual may have mood swings from low depression to high manic. During the manic episodes, the individual feels high energy and during the depressive episodes the person feels extreme low moods. , These episodes keep repeating. Some of the symptoms of bipolar disorder are,

  • Mood swings
  • Racing thoughts
  • Trouble in concentrating
  • Feeling of emptiness or sadness
  • Sleep-related issues
  • Incoherent speech

Postpartum Depression

According to WHO, 1 in 5 mothers in India experiences postpartum depression, after their first delivery. This is due to the hormonal change after the pregnancy. In some cases, it may begin during the pre-delivery stage and continues to prolong till post-delivery. PD is also known as perinatal depression. Some of the symptoms associated with it include,  

  • Extreme sadness
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Loneliness
  • Fear about hurting the baby
  • The feeling of disconnect from the child

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PDD)

Unlike other types of depression, PD and PDD are specific types that takes toll on women’s health. Generally, PDD effects women with low moods after the second half of the menstrual cycle. According to the study, about 85% of women in India experience mild symptoms of PDD. Some of the notable symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder are,

  • Severe headaches
  • Feeling of despair and sadness
  • Bingle or craving to eat
  • Increased level of stress and anxiety
  • Lack of energy

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

If you are experiencing low moods during winter and perfectly fine during spring and other seasons, then you may have a medical condition called Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), which is otherwise known as a major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern. Researchers found: SAD condition is due to the lack of sunlight that effects the part of the brain called hypothalamus. Here are some of the symptoms associated with SAD are,

  • Excessive sleep
  • Drastic weight gain
  • Social withdrawal
  • Reduced daily activities
  • Feeling of worthlessness or hopelessness

Atypical Depression

This type of depression isn’t a rare or unusual type of depression. At the same time, it’s not the most common type too. At times you may feel depressed but it fades away when positive things happen. Following are some of the symptoms of atypical depression

  • Insomnia
  • Disorganised eating habit
  • Fear of rejection
  • Assorted aches and pains
  • Increased appetite and weight gain

Psychotic Depression

Psychotic is a mental health condition that causes a person to lose touch with reality. They may hear or see things which don’t exist. A research conducted by the National Alliance on Mental Illness suggests that 20% of people with severe depression experience episodes of psychosis. Symptoms of psychotic depression are

  • Hallucination
  • Delusion
  • Disorganised thinking
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Social isolation  
  • Sleep issues

What’s the remedy?

Early interventions have huge positive impacts on reducing the symptoms of depression. If you or your loved one may be experiencing any of the mentioned symptoms, reach out to a mental health professional. Call us @ +91 96111 94949