Short term psychiatric rehab c...

Someone, you know is having bipolar disorder? Then probably you should be knowing how short-term psychiatric rehab center can help. What is Short-term Psychiatric Rehabilitation? Short term psychiatric rehabilitation is one among the effective treatment option for bipolar disorder. Also, the best way to guide the individual reintegrate back into society and live a productive […]

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Managing Stress in Addiction R...

Addiction recovery involves rebuilding a life that includes enhanced responsibility—that can increase stress. Stress, like emotions, none of us wants to experience. What makes you strong and resilient in your recovery, however, is how you handle the unavoidable reality of life. Addiction recovery is all about driving the wave of life and not letting the […]

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Painkiller Addiction is Real

A recent survey by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) suggests that – globally, 5.6% of people (i.e 275 million) use painkillers/ prescribed opioid/ tranquilizers on a regular basis. The average age of the users is 15-64 years of age. Also, the World Drug Report suggests that painkillers/ prescribed opioid/ tranquilizers contribute […]

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Treatment Options for Alzheime...

Mrs S’s 70-year-old husband forgot to pick the grandkids from school today. She did notice something has been up with him lately but just couldn’t understand what. Is old age catching up to him? He never remembers anything she tells him to do these days. Sometimes he has difficulty remembering the names of some family […]

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Acceptance in Addiction Recove...

What does Acceptance mean in Addiction Recovery? Addiction to drugs or alcohol is like the ‘monkey on the back’. When your life has been affected by it, it’s easy to beat yourself up and feel excessive guilt and shame. But that sort of behaviour is never going to drive you to commit to the life-long […]

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8 Types of Depression You May Not Know About

Types of Depression! Does depression have types?

According to WHO (World Health Organization), India is the most depressed country in the world. The shocking statistics from WHO suggest that there is a lack of awareness in the country and the stigma associated with it is very high. Majority of people know what is depression but aren’t aware of it types and their severity. This blog throws light on the types of depression that you are not aware of!

8 Types of Depression

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

MDD is the most common type of depression that prolongs for more than a week or two. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), about 7% of the world population suffers from it. MDD is also known as unipolar depression or clinical depression. A person with MDD may have the following symptoms that include,

  • Depressed mood
  • Lack of energy or interest in the activities
  • Sleep issues
  • Changes in appetite
  • Lack of concentration
  • Suicidal thoughts

Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD)

Unlike MDD, the persistent depressive disorder (PDD) may not be that as severe. Perhaps it’s effects are mild, moderate or severe for a longer period. Sometimes it prolongs for a year or two. PDD is also known as dysthymia or chronic depression. The symptoms of PDD include,

  • Feeling low mood
  • Irritable
  • Poor judgement
  • A feeling of hopelessness or worthlessness
  • Sleep issues

Bipolar disorder

Manic depression is the outdated name of the bipolar disorder. In this types of depression, the individual may have mood swings from low depression to high manic. During the manic episodes, the individual feels high energy and during the depressive episodes the person feels extreme low moods. , These episodes keep repeating. Some of the symptoms of bipolar disorder are,

  • Mood swings
  • Racing thoughts
  • Trouble in concentrating
  • Feeling of emptiness or sadness
  • Sleep-related issues
  • Incoherent speech

Postpartum Depression

According to WHO, 1 in 5 mothers in India experiences postpartum depression, after their first delivery. This is due to the hormonal change after the pregnancy. In some cases, it may begin during the pre-delivery stage and continues to prolong till post-delivery. PD is also known as perinatal depression. Some of the symptoms associated with it include,  

  • Extreme sadness
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Loneliness
  • Fear about hurting the baby
  • The feeling of disconnect from the child

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PDD)

Unlike other types of depression, PD and PDD are specific types that takes toll on women’s health. Generally, PDD effects women with low moods after the second half of the menstrual cycle. According to the study, about 85% of women in India experience mild symptoms of PDD. Some of the notable symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder are,

  • Severe headaches
  • Feeling of despair and sadness
  • Bingle or craving to eat
  • Increased level of stress and anxiety
  • Lack of energy

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

If you are experiencing low moods during winter and perfectly fine during spring and other seasons, then you may have a medical condition called Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), which is otherwise known as a major depressive disorder with a seasonal pattern. Researchers found: SAD condition is due to the lack of sunlight that effects the part of the brain called hypothalamus. Here are some of the symptoms associated with SAD are,

  • Excessive sleep
  • Drastic weight gain
  • Social withdrawal
  • Reduced daily activities
  • Feeling of worthlessness or hopelessness

Atypical Depression

This type of depression isn’t a rare or unusual type of depression. At the same time, it’s not the most common type too. At times you may feel depressed but it fades away when positive things happen. Following are some of the symptoms of atypical depression

  • Insomnia
  • Disorganised eating habit
  • Fear of rejection
  • Assorted aches and pains
  • Increased appetite and weight gain

Psychotic Depression

Psychotic is a mental health condition that causes a person to lose touch with reality. They may hear or see things which don’t exist. A research conducted by the National Alliance on Mental Illness suggests that 20% of people with severe depression experience episodes of psychosis. Symptoms of psychotic depression are

  • Hallucination
  • Delusion
  • Disorganised thinking
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Social isolation  
  • Sleep issues

What’s the remedy?

Early interventions have huge positive impacts on reducing the symptoms of depression. If you or your loved one may be experiencing any of the mentioned symptoms, reach out to a mental health professional. Call us @ +91 96111 94949