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Autistic Spectrum Disorder


Also called as social and communication disorder or pervasive developmental disorders are problems caused by abnormalities in the way brain develops and works. It is called spectrum as symptoms varies from person to person and some have symptoms are aspects of other conditions like ADHD (attention deficit hyperactive disorder),Tourette's syndrome , epilepsy , dsyspraxia ( developmental co-

Children / person with ASD has
  • Difficulties communication
  • Difficulties being around with people socially
  • Difficulties with their behavior

Difficulties With communication
Children / persons with ASD have difficulties with verbal (speaking) and non verbal (eye contact , expression , gestures ) communication.

Difficulties with social interaction
  • Difficulty in understanding their and other feelings
  • Appear insensitive to others
  • Difficult to make friends or relationships

Difficulties with behavior
  • Prefer familiar routine and difficulty dealing with change "Putting clothes on in a particular way"
  • Unusual interest
  • Unusual response to experience "sensitivity to some types of sounds / smell
  • Unusual repetitive movements such as hand or finger flapping or twisting

There are three types of ASD
  • Autistic disorder
  • Asperger syndrome
  • Pervasive developmental disorder
Autistic Disorder
The child with asperger has problem with social interaction and behavior. language development is generally not affected but might have problem in understanding humor or metaphors

Pervasive Developmental disorder
The child with Pervasive Developmental disorder has some but not all of the autistic disorder and asperger syndrome but not all

Recovery
MEDICATION: Certain class of medications helps in some of the symptoms like controlling repetitive thoughts, behavior and control aggression and temper tantrums.

Therapies
  • Speech and language therapy
  • Applied behavioral analysis
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Inter personal therapy

Intriguing Facts
  • About 10% of people with autism have some special skills and abilities
  • People with ASD can have a range of intellectual ability from severe learning disability to more academically

   
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