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What is OCD?

What is OCD?

What is OCD behavior!- Nation Institute of Mental Health states that about 2 percent of the population currently suffers from OCD- Which is comparatively higher than the individuals who are suffering from other illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar and ADHD. Researchers believe that both environmental and neurobiological predispositions collectively play a vital role wherein the individual gets into intrusive and unwanted thoughts and compulsive behavioural patterns. OCD often begins in childhood and gets severe, frequent during early adulthood or adolescence.

If you want to know what is OCD, it is vital to know the exact definition. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a type of mental illness that leads to repeated unnecessary thoughts or sensations (obsessions). This may or not be accompanied with the desire to do something repetitively (compulsions). Most people show symptoms of both compulsions and obsessions.

OCD is not just about habits such as biting your nails or having negative thoughts. An obsessive thought can be favouring certain numbers or associating colors as ‘good’ or ‘bad.’ A compulsive habit, on the other hand, can be to wash your hands numerous times after coming in contact with something that is dirty. However, you may not want to think or do such things, but are powerless to stop.

Every individual has habits or thoughts that are repetitive sometimes, but many wonder what are OCD behaviours like. Individuals with OCD have actions or thoughts that:

  • They engage in for at least an hour a day
  • Are beyond one’s control
  • Are neither fun nor joyful
  • Hinder work, social life, or another aspects of life

Most people know their obsessions, thoughts, or emotions are not true or real. But they have a tough time maintaining their focus off the obsessions or putting an end to the compulsive actions because of OCD.

What is OCD caused by?

Almost everyone experiences random, strange and intrusive thoughts here and there. Some individuals can dismiss such thoughts from consciousness and move on with the day. But these aimless thoughts are ‘stuck’ in the minds of people with OCD; these are like the mind’s junk mail. Some people have a spam filter and can completely ignore incoming junk mail. But people with OCD have a spam filter that doesn’t work anymore, and the junk mail keeps coming without stopping. 

Soon the mails that represent the random thoughts exceed the significant mail, and the individual with OCD becomes overwhelmed. So, why does a brain with OCD function like this? In simple words, what is OCD caused by

Many expert researchers suggest that OCD signs can be caused because of communication errors among different parts of the brain. This includes the orbitofrontal cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex (both in the front of the brain), the striatum, and the thalamus (deeper parts of the brain). Abnormalities in neurotransmitter systems – chemicals like dopamine, glutamate, serotonin and others that deliver messages between brain cells are also involved in the OCD disorder. 

Some also believe that OCD is most likely the outcome of a mixture of genetic, cognitive, behavioral, neurobiological, and environmental aspects that trigger the disorder in a particular person at a specific point of time.

If you want to know what is an OCD problem, then learn more about OCD and it’s symptoms as not every individual has the same type of signs or OCD problem. 

What are Some Symptoms of OCD:

Obsessions- It drives out the suffering individual to the edge of fear, contamination or even harms sometimes due to unwanted ideas that transpire inside the mind again and again. for instances “I might not have locked the door” or “I may have forgotten to off the motor”.


Symptoms of Obsessive Behaviour:

  • Enduring with fear of dust or contamination
  • Performing paternalism combination for a greater period
  • Intrusive ideas of hurting others
  • Biased thoughts on sexual or holy matters

Compulsions– Due to the fear that was intended by the obsessions, it makes the suffering individual perform repetitive actions. If the person tries to mitigate the behaviour then the symptoms might give a pause and soon intrude again.

OCD symptom

Symptoms of Compulsive behaviour:

  • Cleaning and washing
  • Checking
  • Following a pattern
  • Intense repeat engagement
  • Doubting

OCD combats male and female in similar proportions. The illness becomes quite critical when they tend to leave the house which becomes the biggest sanity for social isolation in eternity. Furthermore, it might be the basic notion that leads to suicide attempts.

There is more chance of coexisting illnesses that can couple with OCD such as depression, anxiety, Food addiction, ADHD and much more. This condition can only be minimised or made manageable by availing the right treatment options.

Help for OCD sufferers:

If you are in search of the best OCD treatment centres “Make hay while the sun shines”. Cadabam’s top OCD treatment centres hold 89% of success rate with an average of 200+ rehabilitated individuals back into the society every year. It enough doesn’t hold it tight, there is hope  reach us @ +91 96111 94949