Many of us still tend to have confusion on what is an Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). Since the names are similar, many assume it to be quite related to each other. The difference between the two is necessary. Why? Because, one, it would help the individual suffering and people around get a better understanding of the disorder and, two, it is necessary for treatment purpose, to provide the right treatment. Below are the differences that will help you get a clear picture:
Individuals suffering from OCD know that they have obsessions and compulsions for them. They are aware of the fact that this is not okay or ‘normal’. Individuals with OCPD do not think that anything is wrong with them. They believe that their ways of living are the right on and others wrong. When it comes to seeking help also individuals with OCD come in for their obsessions and compulsions while individuals with OCPD come in not for their disorder but other issues related to the personality disorder. Such as stress due to the difference between their ideologies and others.
As mentioned above individuals with OCD are aware of their condition hence they are also aware of the distress it causes. They experience the stress and anxiety of thinking about their obsessions and the guilt of following and not following their compulsion. On the other hand, individuals with OCPD do not experience any distress due to their behaviour.
In OCD the individual spends a lot of time completing their compulsions to their obsessions. In the process of doing so, since it is time-consuming, they tend to neglect or are unable to fulfil their responsibilities, thus leading to low productivity. While in OCPD the individual tends to be so organized and work-oriented that they complete all their tasks on the fixed time consistent with rules, regulations and precision. They tend to perfectionists.
In OCD there are clear symptoms, obsessions, compulsions, anxiety, stress, guilt feelings, etc. These show that OCD consists of symptoms. While in OCPD it is more of the pattern. It involves rigid personality patterns that the individual is indulged in entirely; it is not something that is affecting them.
This is one of the distinct features that differentiate both OCD and OCPD. Individuals with OCD have clear obsessions, repetitive intrusive thoughts/images and a compulsion related to them. Some individual may not have compulsions but obsessions are almost always present. While in OCPD there are no repetitive thoughts and images and compulsions. They may display repetitive ritualistic behaviours but they are not the response of an obsession.
Yes, there are a few similarities too, such as; both OCD and OCPD have a particular way of doing things and if it is not done in that manner they find it hard to accept. The difference between these two has to be understood for treatment purpose. We now know that though similar names these two disorders are far more different from each other and if they are not differentiated and confused while diagnosis, treatment may be a waste and in some cases worsen the condition. For diagnostic assessment and treatment call us now on +919611194949.