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Types of Bipolar Disorder | Bipolar Disorder Types

Bipolar Disorder Types

Bipolar disorder is a group of mood disorders that involves serious mood swings between extreme mood states. The mood changes are so severe that it disrupts the individual’s personal as well as professional life areas. The patterns and duration of these changes may vary from person to person.

One of the most important parts of dealing with bipolar disorder is to identify which type of bipolar disorder the individual is suffering from. There are different types of bipolar disorder, it can be difficult distinguishing between these types. To identify the types one must be aware of three different mood episodes.

Bipolar Disorder Types

Manic episode: Here the individual’s mood is extremely and constantly elevated, they also tend to be irritable and full of energy. The following describes a manic episode:

  • Extremely happy
  • Full of energy
  • Tend to have rapid thoughts
  • Excited
  • Feeling less need for sleep
  • Tend to engage in risky activities

Hypomanic episode: Here, similar to manic, the individual’s mood is elevated but here the symptoms are less intense when compared to the manic episode. The following describes a hypomanic episode:

  • Quite energetic
  • Happy mood most of the time
  • Easily getting irritated
  • Feeling the need to engage in different activities
  • Taking things less seriously

Major depressive episode: Here the individual’s mood is most of the time low, sad and they lack interest in activities. The following describes a major depressive episode:

  • Fatigue
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Insomnia
  • Decrease or increase in appetite
  • Decrease or increase in body weight

Knowing Bipolar Disorder Types or Types of bipolar disorder 

  • Bipolar I: For an individual to be diagnosed with bipolar I, they need to exhibit signs and symptoms of the manic episode along with another episode. Here the manic episode is exclusive and there can be either hypomanic or depressive episode before or after the manic episode.
  • Bipolar II: For an individual to be diagnosed with bipolar II, they need to exhibit signs and symptoms of both hypomanic episode along with the depressive episode. Here both the mood episodes are exclusive
  • Cyclothymic disorder: Here the individual exhibit symptoms that are similar to hypomanic episode major depressive episode but these do not fit into the category to be diagnosed as one.
  • Substance/Medication-Induced Bipolar and Related Disorder: Here the prominent mood disturbance is characterized by expansive, irritability or feeling elevated. This mood disturbance may occur with or without a depressive mood wherein the individual constantly feels low and has decreased interest in activities.
  • Bipolar and Related Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition: Here there is a persistent and prominent mood characterized by abnormal feelings of elevation, expansive and irritability. All these mood disturbances are a result of a physical condition

Though difficult in identifying and diagnosing, bipolar disorder symptoms can be managed via different therapies. There are many mental health professionals available that provide the necessary to help the individual live a healthy life. For treatment of any type of bipolar disorder, contact at Cadabam’s or call us now on +919611194949.

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