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Bipolar II is different from Bipolar I

Bipolar II is different from Bipolar I

bipolar, manic depression

Bipolar II is different from Bipolar I

Bipolar disorders are a mental disorder which is characterized as both episodes of mania and depression. Mania is a state of elation and heightened energy levels where as depression is a state of feeling sad, low and hopeless. As bipolar disorders end up affecting an individual’s mood, activity and energy levels, it ends up being a major source of distress to carry out daily living and aspects of life.

There are various types of bipolar disorders; ranging from bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymic disorder and other specified and unspecified bipolar related disorders.

So how is Bipolar II different from Bipolar I?

Bipolar I need to have at least 7 days of manic episodes or manic symptoms. And usually, at least 2 weeks of depressive episodes that occur as well. Here the individual may share mixed features of depression and manic symptoms at simultaneously.

Whereas Bipolar II is where there are one or more than one major depressive episodes and at least one episode of hypomania. Hypomanias are less severe manic episodes.  In bipolar II, episodes of hypomania are not as high as manic episodes in bipolar I.  Individuals with bipolar II disorder experience more depressive episodes that episodes of hypomania. Depressive episodes are can occur soon after episodes of hypomania subside or later. Some individuals with bipolar II disorder cycle back and forth between hypomania and depressive episodes and some have longer periods of normal mood between episodes. The depressive episodes are similar to that of Major Depressive Disorder.

Symptoms of Hypomania include:

  • Inflated self-esteem.
  • Decreased need for sleep. E.g., sleeping only for 3 hour.
  • Talking more than usual.
  • Experiencing racing of thoughts.
  • Inattention
  • Indulging in a lot of goal-directed activities.
  • Engaging in risk taking activities. E.g. spending inconsiderable amounts of money on businesses that are fruitless.

Symptoms of Major Depressive include:

  • Low mood i.e. feelings of sadness, hopeless or emptiness.
  • Decreased interest in activities that was previously pleasurable.
  • Decrease or increase in appetite.
  • Decrease or increase in sleep.
  • Loss of energy.
  • Feelings of worthlessness
  • Excessive or inappropriate feelings of guilt.
  • Inability or decreased ability to think or concentrate.
  • Having recurrent thoughts of death or attempts of suicide.

Treatments for Bipolar II disorder should be an effective treatment which is a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Medications would include antipsychotic, mood stabilizers and antidepressants. In psychotherapy cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal therapy, family-focused therapy and social rhythm therapy would include.

Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness and continuation of treatment can help control and keep in check with the disorder. Be it Bipolar I or Bipolar II, call us now on +919611194949 for effective treatments.

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