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Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Types, Phases, and Treatment

Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Types, Phases, and Treatment



Bipolar disorder is much more than experiencing intense mood swings, it’s a mental illness that can take over your life, if it’s not managed effectively. In this article, we will go through the symptoms, types of Bipolar disorder along with the treatment methods that will help you manage it. 

What is Bipolar disorder?

Alternating between depression and mania is a chronic mental condition that needs immediate attention. Bipolar disorder is a common mental health problem and it leads to disastrous consequences in the lives of millions who suffer from this condition. There are severe variations in mood, behavior, and an overall attitude towards life. The individual will display extreme mood fluctuations between feeling excessively euphoric and feeling hopeless or worthless, in a continuous cycle.

Common Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

The symptoms of bipolar mood disorder can be split into two categories:

Signs of mania

  • Feeling overly happy or high for long periods, for no apparent reason
  • Not feeling sleepy
  • Talking extremely fast with racing thoughts
  • Easily distracted
  • Displaying overconfidence and having unrealistic expectations in one’s abilities
  • Extreme agitation, as well as feeling impulsive & restless
  • Making efforts to stay busy or become a workaholic
  • Taking part in highly risky behavior 

Signs of depression

  • Feeling sad and hopeless for a long period
  • Isolating yourself from friends and family
  • A lack of interest in activities that you once enjoyed
  • Having significant changes in appetite
  • Experiencing constant fatigue with a lack of energy and enthusiasm
  • Having serious problems with concentration and making decisions
  • Thinking about, and even attempting, suicide or having preoccupations with death

Bipolar Disorder Types

Bipolar affective disorder are of different types, including:

  • Bipolar 1
  • Bipolar 2
  • Cyclothymic disorder
  • Rapid cycling bipolar disorder

Phases of Bipolar Disorders

The manic phase

Periods of high or irritable moods are called manic episodes. The person becomes active, but in a scattered and unproductive way, sometimes with painful or embarrassing consequences. Some examples are spending extra money than needed, or getting involved in sexual adventures that you regret later. During a manic state you are filled with energy, feel quite irritable, may sleep more than normal, and will create grand plans that will never be executed.

The hypomanic phase

Hypomania is an unusually fired up perspective that influences your disposition, musings, and conduct. It is an expected manifestation of a bipolar issue, especially the type II variant.

A hypomanic scene ordinarily is portrayed in the form of uncommon joy, energy, flashiness, along with potential auxiliary qualities like anxiety, extraordinary garrulity, expanded distractibility, diminished requirement for rest, and serious spotlight on a solitary action.

The depressive phase:

The depressive episodes for someone experiencing bipolar disorder are similar to a patient suffering from clinical depression. One of the consistent symptoms include sadness and hopelessness, for an extended period. A depressive phase will also include memory troubles, irritability, loss of appetite, and the constant feeling of despair. 

Treatments for Bipolar Disorder

While looking for bipolar disorder treatment, it’s advisable to consider the bipolar disorder causes since successful treatment depends on these causes. 

The treatment options are:

Medication: 

Mind-set stabilizers are initially used to treat intense hyper and sadness episodes in bipolar disorders, this doesn’t react to ordinary antidepressants and there are different choices for it. A few medications that are usually utilized in treating bipolar turmoil are ‘lithium’, valproates’, carbamazepine, Clonazepam, atypical, and average antipsychotics.

Psychotherapy: 

Recently, the significance of psychosocial treatment has advocated for itself because prescriptions can’t adjust the fundamental sensation of dissatisfaction or insanity.

Cognitive behavior treatment

To perceive explanations behind low or high confidence, to comprehend a singular customer’s common insights, to comprehend their bends in connecting with the world.

Behavior treatment: 

To realign the customer in the general public to get uplifting feedback for their conduct with the goal that maladaptive conduct can be survived.

Group therapy:

Group therapy can help with treating Bipolar disorder symptoms because it helps with coping with depressive episodes and allows the patients to address their needs in a safe environment. Group therapy can also teach patients about dealing with their symptoms and working on relationship issues.

Occupational therapy:

This type of therapy is really useful for treating bipolar disorder because it helps you take practical healing steps like creating positive routines, building a supportive network of loved ones, and learning to manage a healthy work-life balance. 

Why Cadabam’s?

Cadabam’s is the pioneer in providing holistic mental health services with internationally-recognized treatment and revolutionary techniques that enable inhabitants to chart a new chapter in their lives. The state-of-the-art infrastructure, all-inclusive modern accommodation facilities, and customized services combine to provide exceptional results, giving you a new lease of life.

Additionally, the serene environment and holistic facilities like Yoga and meditation hall and nature walks are the stand-out features of Cadabam’s. Call us now to talk with our counselor at +919741476476. 

Bipolar Disorder FAQs: Your Questions Answered

What’s the difference between Bipolar I and Bipolar II?

The Bipolar I disorder includes severe mood swing episodes that keep fluctuating between mania and depression. Bipolar II is more of a mild mood elevation, it includes mild episodes of mania; the mania usually alternates between depression periods.

Can Bipolar disorder be fully cured?

There is no absolute cure to Bipolar disorder, and it usually needs treatment to manage the symptoms. Bipolar disorder can be a prominent factor that influences negative thoughts like suicide. So, a lifetime treatment helps a person manage the symptoms and lead a better/stable life.

Does Bipolar Disorder get worse with age?

If it’s left untreated, then yes Bipolar disorder can get worse. As time goes on, the symptoms will get severe and the person will experience more episodes than when they first appeared.