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Schizophrenia is a mental health disorder often developing in early adulthood or in adolescence or (Schizophrenia a Greek word meaning Schizo (split) and Phreno (Mind). Meaning poor connector split between thought process with emotion and behavior.

This illness affects the person in the way he thinks, acts and feels. Schizophrenia can keep the sufferer from looking the world around him/her in a normal way, meaning he/she may not be ready for committing to the treatments or medications.

INTRIGUING FACTS ON SCHIZOPHRENIA
  • 90% of the people with Schizophrenia experience delusions at some stage
  • What people with Schizophrenia see or hear absolutely seems real to them though how unrealistic or unbelievable others may find it.
  • Treatment for Schizophrenia is most effective if it began early as soon as possible after symptoms appear.

EARLY SYMPTOMS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

Signs and symptoms of schizophrenia vary from person to person, depending on the individuals. The early symptoms of schizophrenia include-
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Appetite disturbance
  • Unusual Behaviour
  • Blunted feelings
  • Speech that is difficult to follow

SCHIZOPHRENIA CAUSES

It is not known as to what causes the illness, but experts believe that a combination of brain chemistry, chemical imbalance in the brain, genetics, family relationships and environmental conditions contribute to the development of this disorder.

Certain issues with brain chemicals may develop the illness. Many research studies show the differences in the structure of the brain and the central nervous system (CNS) of the people with schizophrenia.

While some researchers are not certain about the importance of the changes as they indicate that it is a brain-related disease.

   

UNDERSTANDING SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA

Schizophrenic people can exhibit signs of reduced physical or mental activity by sitting in one place and doing nothing for hours. On the other hand, they can exhibit signs of a high level of excitement by shouting, talking fast and acting in a violent manner. Basically, there are three categories of extreme symptoms of Schizophrenia which are listed below-

Positive Symptoms -

People with schizophrenia show positive symptoms when their perception of reality does not exist in the real world. Some of the positive signs and symptoms of schizophrenia are-

  • Hallucinations - The person can touch, feel, hear, smell and see imaginary things, which do not exist in reality. Such symptoms are because of the deterioration in the brain's reception, as a result, the brain responds to fake sensory input. These hallucinations are, sometimes interpreted by friends and family as unconventional imagination.
  • Delusions - The most common symptom experienced by Schizophrenic patients. Close to 90% of all Schizophrenic patients suffer from delusions. When a person undergoes delusion, he holds to his belief whether or not it is true. For example, if a person is not rich or famous and everybody around him knows that. This person might think otherwise and behaves like a famous movie star or like a person in an eminent position.
  • Negative Symptoms -

    Negative symptoms are the absence of the characteristics of normal function. Compared to the positive ones, they are less apparent and therefore are more difficult to identify. Here are few negative symptoms-

  • Disorganized thinking - A person who suffers from nebulous or distorted thinking is not able to process his thoughts in an orderly manner. Therefore, he is unable to express himself properly and speak in a manner whereby nobody understands. He is unable to process his thoughts, therefore making it hard for him to go about his daily activities.
  • Emotional Instability and Social withdrawal - The person who is emotionally unstable and socially withdrawn is scared and lacks confidence. He prefers to be alone than to go out and intermingle with people. His personal and professional lives are affected as a result of his behaviour.
  • Loss of Enthusiasm - A complete loss of enthusiasm and interest in things that were once important to him. The person with schizophrenia can take no pleasure in everyday life.
  • A perplexed form of speech - The person will feel frightened, confused and not confident about himself. This might occur in combination with hallucination where a person is instructed or warned by a voice about some kind of approaching danger.

  • Negative symptoms for schizophrenic people also include apathy, appearing completely indifferent to things going on around them and showing no interest in taking part. They may spend all day doing nothing to the degree that they may even neglect personal hygiene.

    Cognitive Symptoms -

    Just like the negative symptoms, cognitive symptoms are also hard to identify as they are subtle. They include difficulty in focusing attention, as well as difficulty in understanding information and not knowing how to use them to make decisions. These symptoms can cause emotional distress and sufferers who experience cognitive symptoms will find it difficult to live a normal life.
    The symptoms of schizophrenia are numerous and can mimic other mental health challenges, such as depression and bipolar disorder. There is no litmus test for diagnosing schizophrenia; only a psychiatrist can correctly diagnose and treat it.

    EFFECTS OF SCHIZOPHRENIA -

    Schizophrenia, if left untreated, can lead to severe health issues that can affect all the areas of life. Some of the complications or effects which schizophrenia can cause include:

  • Recurring thoughts of suicide or the person attempts to suicide
  • The person can develop severe anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Depression
  • Self-harm or Self-injury
  • Difficulty to perform daily life activities
  • Try to Abuse alcohol or other substances, including tobacco
  • Social withdrawal or social isolation
  • Homelessness or Legal financial problems
  • Individual becomes victimized
  • Increasing health problems persistently
  • Aggressive behavior, although it might seem to be uncommon.
  • Feelings of restlessness, nausea, seizures.
  • Weight gain and associated sexual problems.
  • Blurred vision, Low blood pressure, etc.

  • SCHIZOPHRENIA TREATMENT AND RECOVERY

    Psychiatric illnesses such as Schizophrenia may not be curable but with regular treatment can be managed very well. However, it may require a lifelong treatment. Treatment with psychosocial therapies and medications can help the person to manage the condition. In rare cases, it may require hospitalization. However, a psychiatrist experienced in treating this illness usually guides a schizophrenia treatment for a better recovery.

    MEDICATIONS

    Medications for schizophrenia treatment are meant to be the cornerstone of the treatment plans. These considered to be the most commonly prescribed drugs to help manage the illness. They help to manage the early symptoms of schizophrenia.
    There are a number of other medications which helps a person with Schizophrenia. The most commonly used medications are called antipsychotics. It may take some trial & error to find the medication that works best for you with the least sides effects.

    PSYCHOSOCIAL INTERVENTIONS

    Psychotherapy

    Psychotherapies helps to develop a healthier thoughts and thinking patterns along with helping the person to understand the illness and also the various dimensions of illness.

    Family therapy

    Family therapy provides the proper education and support to the caregivers help their loved one in dealing with schizophrenia. All it takes is-

  • Seek help from professionals and friends for you also
  • Take time off for yourself
  • Don’t be guilty; you are not the cause of illness
  • Individual therapy

    This may help the person in normalizing their thinking patterns. Learning to cope with anxiety and stress can identify the early warning signs of relapsing. It can also help the sufferer to manage the illness.

    Social skills training

    Most of the people dealing with schizophrenia need some support for their daily living. Social skills training helps your loved one in improving their social interactions and communication along with improving the capability to participate in all the daily activities.

    Supported employment and vocational training and rehabilitation

    This highly focuses on helping the people suffering from schizophrenia prepare for themselves, find and keep their jobs. There are many communities and self-help support programs to assist the schizophrenics with housing, jobs, housing during crisis situations.

    Electroconvulsive therapy

    This is for the adults dealing with schizophrenia and those who may not be responding well with medications or psychosocial interventions. Hence it may be vital to consider an electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) which is also for dealing with depression.


    COPING TECHNIQUES AND SUPPORT STRATEGIES IN SCHIZOPHRENIA TREATMENT

    Coping with schizophrenia can be overwhelming and challenging, both for the sufferer and also the caregivers. Here are few ways on how you can cope or manage the condition:

  • Get a good knowledge of schizophrenia- Learning about schizophrenia helps to motivate the sufferer to adhere to their treatment goals. Also, getting knowledge about the disorder and about the best schizophrenia treatments can help in understanding the illness and assist the person.
  • Learn about social assistance- This may assist with affordable transportation, housing, and other daily activities.
  • Adhering to the treatment goals- Sticking to the treatment plans can help the schizophrenic stay motivated. It also helps them manage schizophrenia and work towards the goals.
  • Join a support help group- They help the person dealing with schizophrenia reach out to more people and share their experiences with the ones facing the similar challenges. The support groups also help friends and family cope with them.
  • Learn some stress management and relaxation techniques- A person suffering from schizophrenia may benefit from relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, or tai chi.
  • FAMOUS PEOPLE WHO HAD SCHIZOPHRENIA

  • Lionel aldridge
  • Vaslav Nijinsky
  • John Forbes Nash

  • FAMOUS PEOPLE WHO HAD SCHIZOPHRENIA

    If your loved one is dealing with schizophrenia and you want them to get a proper help and medical assistance as quickly as possible. Then remember medication along with psychotherapy is the key. Also, it is vital from them to visit a psychiatrist or a counselor.
    If you are looking for the best schizophrenia treatment center in Bangalore, please do contact Cadabam’s at 96111 94949 for appointments or consultations for the treatments. Learning about treatment strategies and sticking with the plan can help to reduce the worsening of schizophrenia symptoms.

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