Borderline Personality Disorde...

Borderline personality disorder or BPD is mostly known to occur among women and rarely seen in men. It is a disorder that characterizes high emotionality, sensitivity and unstable patterns of relationships. Men express BPD symptoms differently from women, this is one of the reasons it gets misunderstood. It has been suggested by studies that women […]

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Substance Abuse Disorder

Substance abuse disorder is when an individual engages in a harmful intake of a substance or drug, affecting various areas of life. Due to the substance abuse the individual fails to function effectively in their personal, professional and social areas of life. Identifying the symptoms at an early stage can enable a quicker recovery. Here […]

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Borderline Personality Disorde...

Do you have someone in your life who, most of the time, have terrible mood fluctuations, multiple unstable relationships, always feel empty and impulsive? Are these affecting their personal and professional life? You may consider seeking a professional opinion as these are primary symptoms of borderline personality disorder or BPD. Here are few questions that […]

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What Causes Substance Abuse?

Substance abuse is a genuine issue that cannot be ignored. It not only causes hurting and misery for the person involved, but also everyone around them and society in general. Substance abuse is an unreasonable utilization of a substance, particularly liquor (alcohol) or a drug. Excessive use of the substances will lead to affect physical health. […]

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Borderline Personality Disorde...

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) affects roughly affects 1- 3% of the general population. The personality disorder is marked by unstable relationships, volatile behaviour and emotional reactivity, impulsivity that is developed mostly in adolescence. The name borderline in the disorder denotes its symptoms mimicking a hoard of disorders; especially major mood disorders and impulse control disorders. […]

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Genes May Also Affect Severity of Drug Addiction a New Case Study

Treatment for drug addiction is affected by a person’s genetic makeup and the duration of substance abuse.

A research team found that drug addicts who have a certain genetic makeup have lower gray matter density — and therefore fewer neurons — in areas of the brain that are important for decision-making, self-control, learning and memory.

This research shows that genes can influence the severity of addiction. ” The results suggest that addicted individuals with low MAOA [monoamine oxidase A] genotype may need a different kind of treatment than other addicted individuals who carry the high MAOA genotype.”

However, addiction treatment professionals and others who manage addicted individuals, such as probation officers and judges, should be informed of these and other new findings in the neurobiology of drug addiction.

The study, which included 40 men addicted to cocaine and 42 non-addicted men, also found that the longer someone abuses cocaine, alcohol and cigarettes, the lower the amount of gray matter in frontal areas of the brain (responsible for decision-making and self-control) and the hippocampus (responsible for learning and memory).

The finding, suggests that ending drug use may help protect people against such brain changes.

Only males were part of this study, and therefore it is important for future studies to examine these genetic and brain effects in females as well. Also, further studies will have to be done to track these gene-brain behavior patterns throughout a life span that influence the volume of the brain’s neurons.

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