How to help an Alcoholic?

It is painful and overwhelming to see someone you love destroy their life due to an addictive behaviour. Alcoholics usually tend to deny their addiction and only realize it when its negative effects have spread into almost all areas of life. Here the role of friends and family members can be effective in encouraging them […]

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First aid for Panic Attacks

Panic attack is a condition which is episodic in nature marked by high anxiety and fear, also discomfort that develops suddenly and reaches heights within 10 minutes.   Observable symptoms: Trembling and shaking Sweating Short breaths and sensations of choking If the person reports – palpitations, chest pain or discomfort, abdominal distress or nausea, dizziness […]

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Panic Attack in Child

Did you know that a panic attack in children often manifests in the early stages of adolescence? And, it is the most common psychological problem in the western countries, usually affecting about 2-3% of the people especially the younger ones in a year. There is no specific event triggering the first panic attack in children, […]

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Alcohol Detoxification

Do you know that Delirium tremens kills one in  20 people during alcohol withdrawal? Yes, It is estimated these tremors occur in 5 percent of the people who go through the process of alcohol withdrawal. This is the time where the alcohol detoxification comes into the picture.   It is good if you have decided […]

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How To Stop Panic Attack

Dying on EMI basis?   In the spur of a moment suddenly thinking of losing control, having a heart attack or even dying. No clue of what’s happening in and around? That could be a panic attack. Yes! A panic attack is a sudden impact of intense fear that creates severe physical reactions in the […]

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Personality disorder – Counselling, a better and effective cure

personality-disorder-blog-imageOh, yaar, what a personality you have!” Who does not like to be praised and adored for one’s personality-which is not just how you present yourself before the society, but also a reflection of your overall persona: the way you talk, walk, interact and do routine things that qualify you to be called a normal and healthy person. An anti-thesis of all these traits is personality disorder where counselling plays a critical role in rectifying the problem.

Out of Sync!

  • Like any other type of mental illness, personality disorder, too, has a serious social and personal ramifications for not only the patient but also people around him- his family, friends and other dear ones.
  • The disorder is marked by wavering thinking, feeling and behavior, which is generally found to be out of sync and barely acceptable in a civil society.

Cause & Effect

  • Personality disorders can be attributed to genetic, social and environmental factors.
  • It is also often blamed on some particular life experiences that may not be traumatic but debilitating if these had occurred during childhood.
  • Research has proved that personality patterns such as personality disorders are inherited.
  • A person with personality disorder is most likely to have relatives with schizophrenia or disorders similar to that.

Child Abuse

  • It has been found that child abuse and neglect can increase the risk of personality disorder in adulthood.
  • Children who have suffered verbal abuse are three times likely to have borderline, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive or paranoid personality disorders after he or she becomes an adult.
  • It has been seen that sexually abused children tend to develop anti-social and impulsive behavior as they attain adulthood.

3 Disorders!

There are three broad categories of disorders: Cluster A, Cluster B and Cluster C.

Cluster A Disorder: Paranoid personality disorder, Schizoid personality disorder, and Schizotypal personality disorder. Such people behave in an eccentric way, likely emotionally cut off from others.

Cluster B Disorder: Borderline (emotionally unstable) personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder and anti-social personality disorder. Such people behave in dramatic, erratic or impulsive ways.

Cluster C Disorder: Obsessive compulsive personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder and dependent personality disorder. Such people are in the grip of overwhelming fear and anxiety. They can behave in a withdrawn way as a result.

Psychological Therapy/ Counselling

  • Psychological therapies like group session is found to be helpful
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Dialectal Behavior Therapy (DBT) are two common treatments for personality disorder.

Pharmacological treatment comprising use of antipsychotics, anti-depressants and mood stabilizers also help the patient overcome the shortcomings in an effective way.

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