Treatment for Obsessive compul...

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) affects an individual’s thoughts and behaviour. Here the individual has intrusive repetitive distressing thoughts and compulsions or ritualistic mental acts or behaviour that temporarily reduces the distress. Living with OCD can be devastating as the individual is aware that something is wrong with them but are unable to control their thoughts. […]

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Is alcoholism hereditary?

Number of studies has been conducted to find if our gene is the cause of alcoholism, yet there has not been a study that confirms it. Experts have conducted twin and adoption studies to reach this goal. However what was found was; genes or heredity is not the sole reason for alcoholism, along with it […]

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Impact of alcoholism on family

Alcoholism is a well known health hazard. It impacts the individual’s health, their social status, finance and mental health too. But along with these it also affects the abuser’s family. Man is a social being and is always connected to others; the closet among all is family. Hence the family is bound to get an […]

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Alcohol withdrawal Syndrome

Alcohol withdrawal Syndrome are a group of symptoms that are life threatening and occur when an individual completely stops consuming alcohol or greatly reduces their intake after a long period of alcohol intake. These symptoms may start from 8 hours to days after the individual stops and may last for day or even weeks. When […]

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Obsessive compulsive disorder-...

“An individual looking as normal as person can be, has an ordinary simple job and lives an ordinary life. But when it comes to having meals this individual has rules; the fork has to be on the right and spoon on the left straight, salt always on the right side of the plate, food has […]

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Personality disorder – Counselling, a better and effective cure

personality-disorder-blog-imageOh, yaar, what a personality you have!” Who does not like to be praised and adored for one’s personality-which is not just how you present yourself before the society, but also a reflection of your overall persona: the way you talk, walk, interact and do routine things that qualify you to be called a normal and healthy person. An anti-thesis of all these traits is personality disorder where counselling plays a critical role in rectifying the problem.

Out of Sync!

  • Like any other type of mental illness, personality disorder, too, has a serious social and personal ramifications for not only the patient but also people around him- his family, friends and other dear ones.
  • The disorder is marked by wavering thinking, feeling and behavior, which is generally found to be out of sync and barely acceptable in a civil society.

Cause & Effect

  • Personality disorders can be attributed to genetic, social and environmental factors.
  • It is also often blamed on some particular life experiences that may not be traumatic but debilitating if these had occurred during childhood.
  • Research has proved that personality patterns such as personality disorders are inherited.
  • A person with personality disorder is most likely to have relatives with schizophrenia or disorders similar to that.

Child Abuse

  • It has been found that child abuse and neglect can increase the risk of personality disorder in adulthood.
  • Children who have suffered verbal abuse are three times likely to have borderline, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive or paranoid personality disorders after he or she becomes an adult.
  • It has been seen that sexually abused children tend to develop anti-social and impulsive behavior as they attain adulthood.

3 Disorders!

There are three broad categories of disorders: Cluster A, Cluster B and Cluster C.

Cluster A Disorder: Paranoid personality disorder, Schizoid personality disorder, and Schizotypal personality disorder. Such people behave in an eccentric way, likely emotionally cut off from others.

Cluster B Disorder: Borderline (emotionally unstable) personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder and anti-social personality disorder. Such people behave in dramatic, erratic or impulsive ways.

Cluster C Disorder: Obsessive compulsive personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder and dependent personality disorder. Such people are in the grip of overwhelming fear and anxiety. They can behave in a withdrawn way as a result.

Psychological Therapy/ Counselling

  • Psychological therapies like group session is found to be helpful
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Dialectal Behavior Therapy (DBT) are two common treatments for personality disorder.

Pharmacological treatment comprising use of antipsychotics, anti-depressants and mood stabilizers also help the patient overcome the shortcomings in an effective way.

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