8 Types of Depression You May ...

Types of Depression! Does depression have types? According to WHO (World Health Organization), India is the most depressed country in the world. The shocking statistics from WHO suggest that there is a lack of awareness in the country and the stigma associated with it is very high. Majority of people know what is depression but […]

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Why Some People Are More Prone...

It may seem freaky, bizarre to some, but yes it is true- many people around the world are prone to depression! It’s not just us who are telling but also research findings have proved it. “The prevalence of depression globally has been increasing in recent decades ranging from 20% to 25% in women and about […]

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How I got addicted to Alcohol?

Hello, this is Raajan Vasudev Menon from Bangalore. I am a recovered alcohol addict who’s just out of a rehab centre. I like to share my story to all, especially parents on- how your alcohol practice may affect your children’s life. There is no confusion from where to start with. For every annual leave, I […]

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Depression or Sadness- how do ...

Nobody would welcome the feelings of dejection or sadness, but feeling low can sometimes feel like a  normal emotion, and a natural response to disappointment or loss. But it is vital to note that if this sadness persists for a long duration of time, it can be devastating. However, depression is a mental health condition […]

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Why is Overcoming Alcohol Addi...

Alcohol addiction does lead to bad behaviours and is dangerous. But why is Overcoming Alcohol Addiction So Hard? “I admire anyone who rids himself of an addiction” – Gene Tierney Overcoming Alcohol Addiction is Hard- why? A person may not admit he is an alcoholic as he starts out seeking or experiencing a sense of […]

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Personality disorder – Counselling, a better and effective cure

personality-disorder-blog-imageOh, yaar, what a personality you have!” Who does not like to be praised and adored for one’s personality-which is not just how you present yourself before the society, but also a reflection of your overall persona: the way you talk, walk, interact and do routine things that qualify you to be called a normal and healthy person. An anti-thesis of all these traits is personality disorder where counselling plays a critical role in rectifying the problem.

Out of Sync!

  • Like any other type of mental illness, personality disorder, too, has a serious social and personal ramifications for not only the patient but also people around him- his family, friends and other dear ones.
  • The disorder is marked by wavering thinking, feeling and behavior, which is generally found to be out of sync and barely acceptable in a civil society.

Cause & Effect

  • Personality disorders can be attributed to genetic, social and environmental factors.
  • It is also often blamed on some particular life experiences that may not be traumatic but debilitating if these had occurred during childhood.
  • Research has proved that personality patterns such as personality disorders are inherited.
  • A person with personality disorder is most likely to have relatives with schizophrenia or disorders similar to that.

Child Abuse

  • It has been found that child abuse and neglect can increase the risk of personality disorder in adulthood.
  • Children who have suffered verbal abuse are three times likely to have borderline, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive or paranoid personality disorders after he or she becomes an adult.
  • It has been seen that sexually abused children tend to develop anti-social and impulsive behavior as they attain adulthood.

3 Disorders!

There are three broad categories of disorders: Cluster A, Cluster B and Cluster C.

Cluster A Disorder: Paranoid personality disorder, Schizoid personality disorder, and Schizotypal personality disorder. Such people behave in an eccentric way, likely emotionally cut off from others.

Cluster B Disorder: Borderline (emotionally unstable) personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder and anti-social personality disorder. Such people behave in dramatic, erratic or impulsive ways.

Cluster C Disorder: Obsessive compulsive personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder and dependent personality disorder. Such people are in the grip of overwhelming fear and anxiety. They can behave in a withdrawn way as a result.

Psychological Therapy/ Counselling

  • Psychological therapies like group session is found to be helpful
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Dialectal Behavior Therapy (DBT) are two common treatments for personality disorder.

Pharmacological treatment comprising use of antipsychotics, anti-depressants and mood stabilizers also help the patient overcome the shortcomings in an effective way.

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