What is a Panic Attack?

A woman named Bella in her mid 30’s was once rushed to the emergency room of a nearby hospital. She was profusely sweating and she felt like her heart was racing at one instance, such that she was unable to take a breath. She and her husband were certain that, she had a heartache. But, […]

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Internet Addiction

Do you play video games on the Internet in overabundance? Are you enthusiastically shopping online? Can’t physically quit checking Facebook? If your answer is yes for any of these questions, you may have the internet addiction.   The world which we live in today is full of advanced technological inventions. Nowadays education, entertainment, communication, and […]

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Is Schizophrenia Genetic?

All of us are aware of how genetics plays an important role in various illnesses. But, have you ever imagined as to what has heredity to do with Schizophrenia? This is one of the common questions many people ask whether schizophrenia is a hereditary disease. The answer is yes and no! Yes, Schizophrenia does have […]

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Guide for caregivers for Schiz...

Schizophrenia can affect an individual to an extent that they turn incapable to taking care of themselves. At this time, the role of a caregiver, family or friend, becomes important. Taking care of an individual with schizophrenia can be very difficult as they can get aggressive or rigid suddenly due to their symptoms. Medications and […]

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Food Addiction

Is your loved one eating in excess, or even more than what is essential for their proper nutrition or a healthy living? Then, it may be a sign or indication of food addiction. Here a person perpetually engages in ravaging behaviors of overeating. This is the reason for which some people cannot sway themselves around […]

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Personality disorder – Counselling, a better and effective cure

personality-disorder-blog-imageOh, yaar, what a personality you have!” Who does not like to be praised and adored for one’s personality-which is not just how you present yourself before the society, but also a reflection of your overall persona: the way you talk, walk, interact and do routine things that qualify you to be called a normal and healthy person. An anti-thesis of all these traits is personality disorder where counselling plays a critical role in rectifying the problem.

Out of Sync!

  • Like any other type of mental illness, personality disorder, too, has a serious social and personal ramifications for not only the patient but also people around him- his family, friends and other dear ones.
  • The disorder is marked by wavering thinking, feeling and behavior, which is generally found to be out of sync and barely acceptable in a civil society.

Cause & Effect

  • Personality disorders can be attributed to genetic, social and environmental factors.
  • It is also often blamed on some particular life experiences that may not be traumatic but debilitating if these had occurred during childhood.
  • Research has proved that personality patterns such as personality disorders are inherited.
  • A person with personality disorder is most likely to have relatives with schizophrenia or disorders similar to that.

Child Abuse

  • It has been found that child abuse and neglect can increase the risk of personality disorder in adulthood.
  • Children who have suffered verbal abuse are three times likely to have borderline, narcissistic, obsessive-compulsive or paranoid personality disorders after he or she becomes an adult.
  • It has been seen that sexually abused children tend to develop anti-social and impulsive behavior as they attain adulthood.

3 Disorders!

There are three broad categories of disorders: Cluster A, Cluster B and Cluster C.

Cluster A Disorder: Paranoid personality disorder, Schizoid personality disorder, and Schizotypal personality disorder. Such people behave in an eccentric way, likely emotionally cut off from others.

Cluster B Disorder: Borderline (emotionally unstable) personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder and anti-social personality disorder. Such people behave in dramatic, erratic or impulsive ways.

Cluster C Disorder: Obsessive compulsive personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder and dependent personality disorder. Such people are in the grip of overwhelming fear and anxiety. They can behave in a withdrawn way as a result.

Psychological Therapy/ Counselling

  • Psychological therapies like group session is found to be helpful
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Dialectal Behavior Therapy (DBT) are two common treatments for personality disorder.

Pharmacological treatment comprising use of antipsychotics, anti-depressants and mood stabilizers also help the patient overcome the shortcomings in an effective way.

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