10 things about dementia you m...

Dr Ninad Baste, president of the Indian Psychiatric Society to Hindustan Times (Friday, Jan 04, 2019) – “India has second most number of individuals suffering from dementia.” In India, the number of people suffering from dementia is about 4.1 million The steaming facts on dementia have popped a curious question on your head! India has […]

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Do’s and don’ts while Ta...

As a parent, talking to your child about drugs can be hard. If you are uncertain about how to proceed, then you are not alone. Consider these four Do’s and Don’ts for talking to your child about drugs, and then conversing with them does help. Promoting the health outcomes associated with the use of drugs […]

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Dementia Treatment

Dementia treatment is something that must be increasingly addressed. The number of people affected by dementia will begin to rise. Soon there will be few families that don’t have someone they know suffering from the loss of cognitive function, mood swings and other symptoms that go with dementia. Focusing on dementia treatment proactively is something […]

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Ya ba Addiction, Signs and Sym...

What is Ya Ba Addiction? Ya ba is a synthetic drug that contains 25 to 35 mg of methamphetamine and 45 to 65 mg of caffeine. It is a powerful stimulant and more addictive substance. It comes with the variety of logos (commonly “WY” or “R”) in the form of a tablet. People use to […]

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9 Stages of Addiction Recovery...

“Being prepared is half the victory”. Having a fair knowledge of what’s the recovery process will automatically stride you to victory over addiction. In this whole of the process, you are not alone. This blog will help you with the most valuable information about the nine stages of addiction recovery. Get started and get recovered, […]

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Impact of Mental Health Problems

Mental Health Problems

Schizophrenia is one of the paradigmatic mental health problems of psychiatry. It is a clinical syndrome of variables but profoundly disruptive psychopathology, which involves thought perceptions, emotions, movements, and behaviors. The expression of these schizophrenia symptoms varies across patients and over time, but the cumulative effect of the illness is always severe and usually long-lasting.

The number of people with schizophrenia in the world is increasing, particularly in the developing countries. Approximately 0.5 out of 1000 people in the world suffer from schizophrenia (Mental Health Research Association, 2006). In India, the point prevalence of schizophrenia was reported to be approximately 0.5-1% of the population.

Mental Health Problems

Caring for a family member with Mental Health Problems can be sometimes burdensome. A family caregiver is the most important person who cares for the person with schizophrenia.

Approximately 60 to 85% of the disabled or impaired people are cared by the family caregivers. They usually help them in performing their daily activities such as bathing, eating, cooking, dressing; taking drugs, and checking up. However, when care is provided for a longer time, particularly for people with schizophrenia, the family caregiver can experience burden that leads to negative consequences.

The burden of family caregivers leads to negative consequences not only for themselves but also for patients, other family members, and healthcare system. Caregiver’s burden negatively affects other family member’s physical, emotional, and economic status. Furthermore, their negative quality of life can cause poor caring, mistreatment or behave violently towards the patients which can cause the patients’ relapse. It can also cause family conflicts and financial problems in individual and health care system.

However, these impacts might be different among caregivers as the level of burden is related to various factors. This can include family members may experience difficulty in handling disruptive behavior and fluctuating emotions that cannot be controlled, lack of time for personal enjoyment and social engagement, difficulty in handling the lack of motivation commonly found in family members, and financial difficulties.

Caregivers are at twice the risk of elevations in depressive symptoms and increased physical health problems.

Protective factors that can mitigate caregiver distress and Mental health problems

  • Personality: Mature coping strategies, high self-efficacy and sense of mastery
  • “Good” relationship with the patient
  • Social network: supportive family members and friends; membership in support groups.
  • Education: knowledge of schizophrenia and its management
  • Availability of professional support
  • Good functional health status
  • Coping style: Problem solving and acceptance

Overall, on my clinical perspectives, I conclude by saying some interventions such as schizophrenia treatment can enable caregivers of people with schizophrenia and other mental health problems to enhance their knowledge, coping skills and management of care-recipient behaviors which in turn improves mood, overall psychological health, decreases caregiver burden and improves quality of life for both caregiver and care recipient.

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