Substance Abuse Rehabilitation

Substance abuse causes substance addiction. It is a chronic disease characterized by the compulsive need to seek sub irrespective of its harmful effects. It causes lasting changes in the brain. In order to recover and undo effects of the substance, the individual and his family members must undertake rehabilitative measures. Rehabilitation helps encourage the addicted […]

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10 Things people who have over...

Alcohol addiction is more than just a drinking problem. It is a biological, progressive, chemical and a fatal disease. It can enlighten a sense of urgency and necessity due to its dependence but overcoming an addiction is so entrenched it is not an easy feat. People who have overcome addiction have been sailed two ships; […]

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Depression in Women

One in four women experiences depression at some point in time in their life. And women are twice as likely to experience clinical depression than men. Still wondering why the women in your life are crying most of the time, or feeling persistently sad, and has no interest in anything. Here is your answer: she […]

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The Family Impact: The social disadvantage and subordination of women on the one hand. And the rapid socio-cultural and economic changes on the other have significantly altered traditional structures and institutions within society. Such changes are invariably associated with social upheaval and drug abuse is a known outcome of such change. Drug abuse poses various […]

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Reinventing Mindful Eating

Reinventing Mindful Eating: Eating is an inevitable activity of everyday life. There was a time when this activity was carried on with utmost mindfulness, i.e. prayers were offered before beginning the meals, and after ending the meals slokas like Annapoorne Sada Poorne, Shankara Prana Vallabhe, Trayam were recited. Offering supplication (Du’ä) by Islam followers during the meal, […]

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Impact of Mental Health Problems

Mental Health Problems

Schizophrenia is one of the paradigmatic mental health problems of psychiatry. It is a clinical syndrome of variables but profoundly disruptive psychopathology, which involves thought perceptions, emotions, movements, and behaviors. The expression of these schizophrenia symptoms varies across patients and over time, but the cumulative effect of the illness is always severe and usually long-lasting.

The number of people with schizophrenia in the world is increasing, particularly in the developing countries. Approximately 0.5 out of 1000 people in the world suffer from schizophrenia (Mental Health Research Association, 2006). In India, the point prevalence of schizophrenia was reported to be approximately 0.5-1% of the population.

Mental Health Problems

Caring for a family member with Mental Health Problems can be sometimes burdensome. A family caregiver is the most important person who cares for the person with schizophrenia.

Approximately 60 to 85% of the disabled or impaired people are cared by the family caregivers. They usually help them in performing their daily activities such as bathing, eating, cooking, dressing; taking drugs, and checking up. However, when care is provided for a longer time, particularly for people with schizophrenia, the family caregiver can experience burden that leads to negative consequences.

The burden of family caregivers leads to negative consequences not only for themselves but also for patients, other family members, and healthcare system. Caregiver’s burden negatively affects other family member’s physical, emotional, and economic status. Furthermore, their negative quality of life can cause poor caring, mistreatment or behave violently towards the patients which can cause the patients’ relapse. It can also cause family conflicts and financial problems in individual and health care system.

However, these impacts might be different among caregivers as the level of burden is related to various factors. This can include family members may experience difficulty in handling disruptive behavior and fluctuating emotions that cannot be controlled, lack of time for personal enjoyment and social engagement, difficulty in handling the lack of motivation commonly found in family members, and financial difficulties.

Caregivers are at twice the risk of elevations in depressive symptoms and increased physical health problems.

Protective factors that can mitigate caregiver distress and Mental health problems

  • Personality: Mature coping strategies, high self-efficacy and sense of mastery
  • “Good” relationship with the patient
  • Social network: supportive family members and friends; membership in support groups.
  • Education: knowledge of schizophrenia and its management
  • Availability of professional support
  • Good functional health status
  • Coping style: Problem solving and acceptance

Overall, on my clinical perspectives, I conclude by saying some interventions such as schizophrenia treatment can enable caregivers of people with schizophrenia and other mental health problems to enhance their knowledge, coping skills and management of care-recipient behaviors which in turn improves mood, overall psychological health, decreases caregiver burden and improves quality of life for both caregiver and care recipient.