Psychological revelation behin...

Folie à Famille translated ‘a folly of family’, the term talks about a shared psychotic disorder among a group of family members as opposed to shared between two people (folie à deux). This is a rare condition because of which effective treatments have not been well-established. However, last week we saw an incident in Delhi […]

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Are You Feeling Suicidal? How ...

Wanting to overcome suicidal thoughts? Firstly, the thought to overcome the suicidal thoughts itself is a sign of positivity. You may think feeling suicidal is a sign of permanent weakness and flew. Actually, it isn’t, feeling suicidal is just a temporary negative mindset that makes you experience intense sadness. During this intense episode majority of […]

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How to Help Someone with Drug ...

Want to help someone with Drug and Alcohol Addiction? A relative, a dear friend, a sibling, a co-worker? Early drug and alcohol abuse education is one of the best ways to start with. Everyone involved needs to be educated, from parents and educators to children and adults. Each needs to know the risks of altered […]

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Depression is an Illness, Not ...

For as long as health professionals can remember, our country has developed a negative stigma towards depression illness. People suffering from depression tend to suffer in silence, or not seek the appropriate treatment because of the shame associated with admitting they have a mental illness. Currently, people diagnosed with depression illness are viewed as broken, […]

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Psychosis: Symptoms, Causes, a...

A study estimated that 1 in 13 people may experience a psychotic episode. Are you aware of psychosis? If you aren’t aware of it, this blog helps you with the information on the risk of Psychosis: Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors. Psychosis? When an individual is out of touch with reality it is known as […]

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Is Manic depression and bipolar the same?

Manic depression rehab

Manic depression and Bipolar Facts

Manic depression and bipolar, many, adhering to only its name, consider it same or similar to each other, while others argue the opposite. Manic depression and bipolar are in fact the same but the preferred terminology used is bipolar and not manic depression. If they are same then why and how are there different terms?

Earlier the disorder was termed as ‘manic depression’ which characterized of severe mood swings between a manic state and a depressed state. This manic depression was again divided into three types: (1) Manic type, where manic episodes occurred exclusively, (2) Depressed type, where depressed episodes occurred exclusively and (3) mixed type, where both the episodes, manic and depression, occur at least once.

Later from 1960 onwards experts started discussing on a new term for this group of disorder and finally with the third edition of Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders the disorder was officially named bipolar. But why did it changed?

  • Manic depression was used for a broad range of mental disorders mainly consisting of two emotional states. Now with the increased empirical data, the classification has become more sophisticated and bipolar disorder allows for a clearer distinction. It also gives space for cyclothymia and hypomania which were not considered earlier.
  • Manic depression mainly focused on the two extreme emotional states but seemed to ignore the cognitive and physical symptoms. Bipolar is inclusive of both.
  • The term ‘manic’ is highly stigmatized. People loosely use it on a daily basis and attribute to anyone acting “mad” or a little different.

Bipolar disorder

These are group of disorders that is characterized by occurrence of more than one extreme emotional state. It is divided into different types. Before explaining the types, 3 significant mood episodes have to be understood.

  1. Manic episode: Here the symptoms last for at least a week and severely affects the individual’s personal, social and professional areas of life. The symptoms are:
  • Elevated and irritable mood
  • Unreasonable high self esteem
  • Individual does not feel the need to sleep
  • Racing thoughts and easily distracted
  • Engaging increasingly in activities
  • Engaging in risky activities
  1. Hypomanic episode: This involves the same symptoms as manic episode but with a lesser intensity. The symptom here lasts for at least four days and does not severely affect the individual’s life areas.
  2. Major depressive episode: This involves symptoms such as:
  • Depressed mood
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty in concentration
  • Sleeplessness
  • Increase or decrease in appetite and weight
  • Feeling worthless
  • Thoughts of death

Types

  • Bipolar I: This is characterized by a manic episode which may be either followed by or preceded by a hypomanic episode or major depressive episode.
  • Bipolar II: This is characterized by a hypomanic episode and a major depressive episode. The episodes may be current or have occurred in the past.
  • Cyclothymic disorder: This involves occurrence of hypomanic like symptoms which are not very clear to be categorized as hypomanic episode and depressive symptoms which are not clear to be categorized as major depressive episode.
  • Substance/Medication-Induced Bipolar and Related Disorder: Which involves an elevated, irritable mood with or without depressed mood; this occurs under the influence of a substance or medication.
  • Bipolar and Related Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition: Abnormal elevated, irritable mood due to a medical condition.

Since now we know manic depression is bipolar disorder that is the term to be used. The use of correct term is important because it has been changed for a reason and after years of studies. One of these reasons is the stigma attached to the term “manic”. We need to be careful while use such delicate terms as it might affect the individual in way we might not know and ultimately affecting their treatment process. For treatment of manic depression or bipolar disorder, call us now on +919611194949.

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