Exercise Addiction

Investing 20-30 minutes per day in physical workout can have a great positive impact on one’s physical as well as mental health. Exercising daily is a healthy habit when it is done at a moderate level, but when it goes over the limit it can have adverse effect on one’s physical and mental health. Over […]

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Types of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia, which is considered as variations in expression or perception of reality, is a mental illness that may consist of auditory hallucinations (hearing voices), paranoid delusions, confused speech, disorganized thoughts, and significant social or professional dysfunction. Types of Schizophrenia Paranoid Schizophrenia: The individuals may have prominent hallucination and delusion. It may develop at an older […]

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Causes of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that disrupts the way an individual looks and responds at the world and self. The exact reason or cause of this disorder has not yet been found. However, it is believed that a combination of internal and external factor play an important role in the occurrence of schizophrenia. Let us […]

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Gambling Disorder

From the time of ‘Mahabharata’ gambling has been seen as a problematic behaviour. A behaviour that disrupts families and causes lose of both property and dignity. Then why do people still engage in such behaviour? Gambling, like any other addictive substance, gives the individual a euphoric feeling when they engage in it. And the individual […]

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Substance Abuse Treatment Cent...

Substance abuse refers to the destructive or risky use of psychoactive substances, including alcohol and illegal drugs. Psychoactive substance utilize can prompt to dependence disorder – a bunch of behavioural, subjective, and physiological phenomena that created after frequent substance utilize and that normally include a powerful urge to take the drug(medication),   Most substance abusers […]

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Geriatric psychiatry: Proper diagnosis helps treatment

Ageing is a normal process of gradual deterioration of physiological function

geriatric-04accompanied by loss of viability and increase in vulnerability. It is common to all living beings such as animals and plants. Ageing becomes mor
e pronounced and our mental faculties become dull as we grow in age, needing urgent psychiatric care and medication.

Age related issues

Man’s physical abilities and the capacity to apply intellectual reasoning is considerably impaired as he grows old. Geriatric psychiatry, also known as psychiatry of old age, entails treating and dealing with this essentially age-related problem.

Increasing elderly population

In India’s context Geriatric psychiatry has assumed paramount importance. As per the latest provisional data of Census of India, the elderly in the age group of over 60 comprise 8.3% of India’s population, second largest in the world. This 60+ group is also the second fastest growing segment of Indian population. The population growth is likely to register 3.5 times increase by 2050, in percentage terms.

Need for action-plan

This calls for a comprehensive action-plan to deal with Geriatric psychiatry, involving diagnosis, treatment and management of dementia and depression among aged persons. It is important to know that psychiatric illness of the elderly is different from the illnesses of adult patients. Doctors and psychiatrists need to be well prepared to deal with this problem to avoid any future complications.

History important!

To properly diagnose a geriatric psychiatric illness it is imperative to take a detailed note of the elderly’s history. The history needs to focus on:

  • Changes in functional performance of daily life
  • Need to document the drugs consumed
  • Need to know if non-prescription drugs, responsible for psychiatric symptoms are being used
  • Need for a proper physical examination of higher functioning
  • Need to check all sensory systems such as hearing and vision
  • Need to assess mental status through Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)
  • Need to conduct simple lab tests for electrolyte imbalance, anemia, malnutrition, metabolic abnormalities, urinary retention

Management of Geriatric psychiatry

Psychosocial intervention can make considerable difference to the elderly person’s condition.

  • New drugs working through one neurotransmitter, of late, has been found to be safer
  • Start the treatment without further delay. Risk of suicide increases with delay in treatment
  • There is a need for adequate treatment of co-morbidity
  • Mental functioning of patients and dementia may aggravate if treatment of any illness or severe infection is delayed
  • It is better to avoid benzodiazepine group of drugs that cause more harm than benefit
  • Medication needs to go slow and start slow
  • Any sudden or early withdrawal of medicines should be avoided at all costs

 

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