Difference between Obsession a...

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder wherein an individual experiences recurring and undesirable thoughts, sensations or ideas which is known as obsessions that compels them to carry out behaviour on repetition which is known as compulsions. Let’s understand the difference between Obsession and Compulsion;   Obsessions Compulsions What are they? They are thoughts, ideas […]

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Sex OCD

Obsessions about sexual content Obsessions about sexual content or intrusive sexual thoughts are recurrent and repugnant thoughts that are sexual in nature. They are involuntary and cause extreme distress when they rise in the individual’s mind. They often experience extreme shame, guilt, hopelessness, and depression causing them to label themselves deviant and repulsive. The very […]

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Treatment for Obsessive compul...

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) affects an individual’s thoughts and behaviour. Here the individual has intrusive repetitive distressing thoughts and compulsions or ritualistic mental acts or behaviour that temporarily reduces the distress. Living with OCD can be devastating as the individual is aware that something is wrong with them but are unable to control their thoughts. […]

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Is alcoholism hereditary?

Number of studies has been conducted to find if our gene is the cause of alcoholism, yet there has not been a study that confirms it. Experts have conducted twin and adoption studies to reach this goal. However what was found was; genes or heredity is not the sole reason for alcoholism, along with it […]

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Impact of alcoholism on family

Alcoholism is a well known health hazard. It impacts the individual’s health, their social status, finance and mental health too. But along with these it also affects the abuser’s family. Man is a social being and is always connected to others; the closet among all is family. Hence the family is bound to get an […]

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Early diagnosis helps cure bipolar disorder

bipolar disorder blog image-01The life is anything but constant. So is our mental makeup. Sometimes we are happy and at other times we are sad. All these are normal manifestation of our active and reactive human nature. But any abnormal, extreme swings in mood, activities and energy levels could be early signs of bipolar disorder.

Damages brain!

Thankfully, we now have cure processes that can track-down the disorder that is known to damage the brain. But by and large it is a long and difficult process of diagnosis of the ailment and then its treatment that can help the people with illness lead complete, productive lives.

Research finding

  • Some scientific research have attributed the bipolar disorder to genetic anomalies.
  • Scientists have identified culprit genes – Dysbindin, Neuregulin and G72 genes – behind the ailment.
  • Scientists believe that there could be around 50 to 100 genes responsible for bipolar disorder in a person.
  • The disease causes serious damage to brain if it is not treated at an early stage.

Suicidal tendency

One of the extreme symptoms of bipolar disorder can be the tendency to commit suicide. Leave aside the question of cure, the initial extreme symptoms could be emotionally wracking and socio-psychologically damaging to the victim.

Symptoms

  • Symptoms of bipolar disorder may vary from person to person.
  • In some people it manifests as psychotic episodes of illness lasting weeks or months with full remission of their symptoms between each episode.
  • In others symptoms manifest continuously but with intense rise and fall.
  • A single psychotic episode of bipolar disorder is followed by complete recovery.
  • In other case disorder never shows any sign of abating its debilitating effects continue.

Other symptoms

  • Extreme swings in behavior can be the cause of damaged relationships, and very poor showing at the schools or at the workplace.
  • In most of the cases the disorder surfaces in the early phase of the adulthood, in the age bracket of 15-25 years.
  • In case of women symptoms appear late in the age bracket of 25-30.
  • However, bipolar disease under 10 years and over 10 years of age is unheard of.

A global problem

According to a World Health Organization (WHO) sponsored report on ‘The global burden of disease: a comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from diseases, injuries, and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020,’ bipolar disorder ranks among the world’s top ten cases of disability in the developed nations. At any given point of time as many as 51 million people across the globe suffer from the disorder, says the WHO report.

Treatment

  • A complete cure for the disorder is a far cry from being a reality.
  • If properly treated with antipsychotic medications and psycho-social therapy then the rate of successful treatment can be as high as 60%.
  • Early intervention and medication help in better recovery. Early diagnosis and stabilization of disorder help treatment process.

Time to act!

No doubt bipolar disorder today has emerged as one of the serious mental illnesses afflicting the global population, including India. What is even more disturbing is that teens with bipolar disorder have a 50% risk of attempted suicide. In rare cases even five years old children can also develop bipolar disorder. There is an urgent need to address the problem on a war footing!

 

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