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You went out last night. Did you had a drink. You feel like you’ve been drinking too much and you want to stop so you stop. Most people feel like that after a lot of occasional drinking. However, social or occasional infrequent drinking is not alcoholism. Suddenly stopping drinking can be a bad idea. If you […]

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Alzheimer’s Disease: Treatment...

Mrs. S’s 70-year-old husband forgot to pick the grandkids from school today. She did notice something has been up with him lately but just couldn’t understand what. Is old age catching up to him? He never remembers anything she tells him to do these days. Sometimes he has difficulty remembering names of some family members. […]

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10 Signs You May Have Obsessiv...

As per WHO (World Health Organisation), About 2% of the world’s population suffer from OCD which is roughly 1 in 50 people. OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder) is a type of anxiety disorder that causes obsessive and compulsive thoughts to a person. This article highlights the various types of symptoms that are associated with OCD. Listed below […]

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How to Stop Porn Addiction?

As most of us realize there is a great and lot deal of porn floating around the web these days. With porn so easy to come by it, there is also a little surprising fact that porn addiction is on the rise and no wonder how it is fueled. Many people will and may be […]

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Mystery of Motivation Thought

How many of us decided to wake up early & do the exercise or Yoga, just to stop after few days. How many of us enthusiastically stopped all cigarettes, started workup, guitar classes, aerobic training program… Etc.  Only to stop after a while, due to lack of motivation. We quickly lose motivation and stop pursuing […]

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Difference between Obsession and Compulsion

obsession, compulsion, obsession and compulsion, OCD and obsession

Obsession and compulsion simplified

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder wherein an individual experiences recurring and undesirable thoughts, sensations or ideas which is known as obsessions that compels them to carry out behaviour on repetition which is known as compulsions.

Let’s understand the difference between Obsession and Compulsion;

  Obsessions Compulsions
What are they? They are thoughts, ideas and impulses. They are actions.
What do they do? They cause unwanted feelings, anxiety and distress. They are performed to cope with obsessions.
Relation They lead to compulsions. (Cause) They result due to obsessions. (Effect)
Disruption They disrupt the mental wellbeing. They disrupt the physical wellbeing.
Repetition Repetition in thoughts, ideas and impulses. Repetition in actions.
Themes Contamination– Fear of contracting something, like dirt, germs, chemicals, etc.E.g. Shaking hands with others thinking, ‘Did I contract germs from them?’ Washing or cleaning- Because of the excessive fear they wash and clean themselves, excessively. And sometimes to the point being ritualistic in nature.
Unintentional harm to self or others– Fear of harming themselves or others through negligence.E.g., ‘What if I didn’t lock the doors properly?’ Checking– Because of the excessive fear of burglary they would check doors, locks, to make sure everything is fine.
Symmetry– A need to have items or things in a specific order and symmetry.E.g. Aligning clothes in a certain way, for example in colour, or facing a certain direction. Counting, tapping and touching objects. Compulsions involved her would be counting, tapping, touching objects in a particular way or particular times.

 

Because obsessions are repetitive ideas and thoughts that are unwanted in nature causing distress and anxiety, Compulsions are carried out to make individuals feel safer. These compulsions end up being ritualistic and repetitive to reduce the stress but if the ritual is disrupted they would harness an unrealistic fear (obsession) as they didn’t complete the ritual. Culminating to a vicious cycle,

Cycle image OCD

So suppose, an individual has an obsessional thought of dying due to the cooking stove being on (obsessional thought) hence causing him to stress, he would repeatedly check (compulsive behaviour) and this checking makes him ‘feel’ safe (short term relief) so he decides to check 5 times before leaving for work. Now if suppose one day he wasn’t able to check the stove ‘5times’ (compulsive behaviour) he begins then to develop irrational fear of dying (obsessional thought) due to the cooking stove being on causing him to stress and hence would go to great lengths to make sure he check ‘5 times’ daily to feel safe. Unfortunately these obsessions don’t “go away”, until the ritual is performed.

Get professional help with our mental health experts. Call us on +919611194949 or visit us on www.cadabams.org

 

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