OCD Symptoms

OCD Symptoms- It is normal, on occasion to go and double check the things that we all missed or not remembered. For instance, checking ‘the door is locked or not’, ‘checking pocket for a wallet’. But what if this loop keeps repeating for ‘n’ number of time. This medical condition is known as obsessive-compulsive disorder […]

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12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymo...

Are you in search of the best recovery process for yourself or for your close one to come out of Alcohol addiction? You are not alone. It is possible with 12 Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous programs. What are these 12 step programs helping quit alcohol and how do they work? Alcoholics Anonymous is a process of […]

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ...

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a chronic disorder that is characterized by feelings of fear, unreasonable or obsessive thoughts such as a person feels the need to repeat a task like washing his/her hands repetitively even when it is unnecessary or arranging the objects over and over again. This can even lead to severe OCD that […]

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What is OCD?

What is OCD behavior!- Nation Institute of Mental Health states that about 2 percent of the population currently suffers from OCD- Which is comparatively higher than the individuals who are suffering from other illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolar and ADHD. Researchers believe that both environmental and neurobiological predispositions collectively play a vital role wherein the individual […]

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Types of Addiction

Anything taken to an excessive level can result in addiction.  The types of addiction range from the substance like alcohol to behaviors like gambling. Dependence can be both emotional and behavioral.  Common symptoms are seen in addiction: Numerous failed attempts to stop the behavior Withdrawal symptoms Lack of Control over the intake Risk-Taking Behavior Being secretive about their addictive […]

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Difference between Obsession and Compulsion

obsession, compulsion, obsession and compulsion, OCD and obsession

Obsession and compulsion simplified

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder wherein an individual experiences recurring and undesirable thoughts, sensations or ideas which is known as obsessions that compels them to carry out behaviour on repetition which is known as compulsions.

Let’s understand the difference between Obsession and Compulsion;

  Obsessions Compulsions
What are they? They are thoughts, ideas and impulses. They are actions.
What do they do? They cause unwanted feelings, anxiety and distress. They are performed to cope with obsessions.
Relation They lead to compulsions. (Cause) They result due to obsessions. (Effect)
Disruption They disrupt the mental wellbeing. They disrupt the physical wellbeing.
Repetition Repetition in thoughts, ideas and impulses. Repetition in actions.
Themes Contamination– Fear of contracting something, like dirt, germs, chemicals, etc.E.g. Shaking hands with others thinking, ‘Did I contract germs from them?’ Washing or cleaning- Because of the excessive fear they wash and clean themselves, excessively. And sometimes to the point being ritualistic in nature.
Unintentional harm to self or others– Fear of harming themselves or others through negligence.E.g., ‘What if I didn’t lock the doors properly?’ Checking– Because of the excessive fear of burglary they would check doors, locks, to make sure everything is fine.
Symmetry– A need to have items or things in a specific order and symmetry.E.g. Aligning clothes in a certain way, for example in colour, or facing a certain direction. Counting, tapping and touching objects. Compulsions involved her would be counting, tapping, touching objects in a particular way or particular times.

 

Because obsessions are repetitive ideas and thoughts that are unwanted in nature causing distress and anxiety, Compulsions are carried out to make individuals feel safer. These compulsions end up being ritualistic and repetitive to reduce the stress but if the ritual is disrupted they would harness an unrealistic fear (obsession) as they didn’t complete the ritual. Culminating to a vicious cycle,

Cycle image OCD

So suppose, an individual has an obsessional thought of dying due to the cooking stove being on (obsessional thought) hence causing him to stress, he would repeatedly check (compulsive behaviour) and this checking makes him ‘feel’ safe (short term relief) so he decides to check 5 times before leaving for work. Now if suppose one day he wasn’t able to check the stove ‘5times’ (compulsive behaviour) he begins then to develop irrational fear of dying (obsessional thought) due to the cooking stove being on causing him to stress and hence would go to great lengths to make sure he check ‘5 times’ daily to feel safe. Unfortunately these obsessions don’t “go away”, until the ritual is performed.

Get professional help with our mental health experts. Call us on +919611194949 or visit us on www.cadabams.org

 

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