Alcoholism addiction treatment

When an individual feels that they are no longer in control of their addictive habit despite the medications they take or are constantly tempted and exposed to the addictive substance, a rehabilitation program is needed. Alcohol rehabilitation program is an intense recovery program that requires motivation, determination and social support to help the suffering individual […]

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Co morbidity in OCD

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is distressing in itself as it affects the individual’s thoughts and behaviour. Through years of studies it is also seen that most often OCD occur with another mental illness. When an individual is diagnosed with two mental disorders it is known as co morbidity. And OCD is seen to have quite […]

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Types of Obsessive Compulsive ...

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is mental disorder that is driven by undesirable thoughts known as obsessions that compels repetitive behaviours, known as compulsions. However, it varies from individual to individual in the way in which symptoms of OCD are experienced. Based on the nature of the symptoms experienced OCD can be divided into different types. […]

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Alcoholism facts

1. Alcoholism causes various short term health hazards. The short term harm alcohol causes are the health conditions apart from diseases. It includes injuries caused by accidents, falls, homicides, sexual assaults, alcohol poisoning, etc. Under the influence of alcohol individuals have judgments and decision making skills are inhibited, this might be the reason behind the harmful […]

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Neurofeedback for alcoholism

A number of new methods and therapeutic techniques are coming up to make the journey towards recovery effective, easier and smoother. One of these attempts is integrating neurofeedback in the recovery program. Neurofeedback is a therapeutic intervention that uses biofeedback mechanism. Here medical instruments, sensors, are attached to the individual’s head and face region. These […]

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Chronic Pain – not fully curable but manageable

How_to_Treat_Chronic_Pain_imageWe so often use expressions like ‘Pain in the neck’ to convey our sense of discomfort and unhappiness. In real life pain in any part of our body can be unnerving and irritating. Some pains are due to physical hurt and get well with time and proper cure. A few others are more nagging in nature and just wouldn’t go despite medication. These are the more serious ones and fall in the category of chronic pain.

Reasons for alarm

According to experts any pain that lasts over 12 weeks should send the alarm bell ringing as it gets set to enter the chronic stage. Underlining the serious implication of various types of pains being suffered by human body and its adverse impact on mind, the World Health Organization has termed it a problem of global importance.

No urban, rural divide

Quality and affordable public healthcare system in larger part of rural and semi-urban areas in India is still a rarity. Though incidents of chronic pain are quite common in urban pockets with a large number of these being lifestyle related, increasingly more cases of pains are being reported from rural areas of India.

Pain locations

Problems of knee pains, low back pain, generalized body pain, multiple joint pain, pain in legs, musculoskeletal pain in men and women, hip pain, etc. are quite common instances of pains found in both urban and rural pockets of India. Such chronic pains usually occur among people in the age category of above 40 years.

Symptoms

  • Relentless pain lasting for months, are the first signs of chronic pain.
  • Sometimes pain could surface without any rhyme or reason.
  • Pain could arise from a previous injury – back-sprain or some illness.
  • Sleep disturbance, fatigue, low appetite, mood swings mostly are the fall outs of chronic pain.
  • Declining flexibility, stamina and strength hampers physical activities.
  • Inability to enjoy things you love doing due to physical limitation may lead to despair and low feeling.

Pain history

For doctors, patient’s individual description of pain, its location and duration are the only way of learning about it and prescribing a solution.

  • Description of nature of pain – sharp, dull, constant or spasmodic, burning sensation, aching, etc. are useful information to get to the bottom of the problem and start the treatment.
  • It is important that the patient and health expert work jointly to identify and the causes of symptoms of pain for giving early relief to the patient.
  • Despite the use of various technologies for diagnostic purposes, treatment plan has to be chalked out keeping in mind the specific problems and requirements of the patient.
  • Active involvement of patients’ close relatives and dear ones helps in the treatment process.

Treatment: goals & methods

One immediate aim of the treatment of all chronic pains is to alleviate the suffering of patients and improve their mobility.

  • It is important to know that chronic pain can’t be fully cured it can be managed and the patient has to live with it.
  • There are various ways of treating chronic pain. These are: medications, acupuncture, electrical stimulation, nerve blocks, or surgery. Less invasive psychotherapy, relaxation therapies, biofeedback, and behavior modification are other methods of treating chronic pain.
  • For chronic pain CAM (Complementary or Alternative Medicine) is also found to be useful in giving relief.

Self-management

Doctors also prescribe self-management of chronic pain as the patient needs to think, act and do well in life in spite of his or her pain and become an active, healthy and involved member of the society. Improving communication with healthcare provider is found to be useful in self-management of chronic pain.

 

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