Alcohol withdrawal Syndrome

Alcohol withdrawal Syndrome are a group of symptoms that are life threatening and occur when an individual completely stops consuming alcohol or greatly reduces their intake after a long period of alcohol intake. These symptoms may start from 8 hours to days after the individual stops and may last for day or even weeks. When […]

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Obsessive compulsive disorder-...

“An individual looking as normal as person can be, has an ordinary simple job and lives an ordinary life. But when it comes to having meals this individual has rules; the fork has to be on the right and spoon on the left straight, salt always on the right side of the plate, food has […]

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Effects of Alcoholism

Alcoholism is medically diagnosed as a disease that exhibits itself in the individual’s frequent use of alcohol irrespective of its negative consequences. Death due to alcohol abuse is over 100,000 and is in an ever increasing state; from accidents to organ failures the effect is far and reaching. Alcohol consumption affects the individual both mentally […]

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Do you think you have Obsessiv...

The cleaning and/or washing type of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common type among other types. Here the individual engages in cleaning or washing rituals and it can be directed towards self or the environment. In the cleaning/washing type the obsession, there is fear of contamination. Fear that the individual would get ‘dirty’ or […]

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Causes of Obsession Compulsion...

Around 2.3% of the population from the ages 18- 54 suffer from Obsession Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The mental disorder is characterized by obsessions are repetitive ideas and thoughts that are unwanted and distressing and Compulsions that are ritualistic actions carried out to deal with obsessions. Individuals with obsessions and/or compulsions; Face great distress and anxiety, […]

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Chronic Pain – not fully curable but manageable

How_to_Treat_Chronic_Pain_imageWe so often use expressions like ‘Pain in the neck’ to convey our sense of discomfort and unhappiness. In real life pain in any part of our body can be unnerving and irritating. Some pains are due to physical hurt and get well with time and proper cure. A few others are more nagging in nature and just wouldn’t go despite medication. These are the more serious ones and fall in the category of chronic pain.

Reasons for alarm

According to experts any pain that lasts over 12 weeks should send the alarm bell ringing as it gets set to enter the chronic stage. Underlining the serious implication of various types of pains being suffered by human body and its adverse impact on mind, the World Health Organization has termed it a problem of global importance.

No urban, rural divide

Quality and affordable public healthcare system in larger part of rural and semi-urban areas in India is still a rarity. Though incidents of chronic pain are quite common in urban pockets with a large number of these being lifestyle related, increasingly more cases of pains are being reported from rural areas of India.

Pain locations

Problems of knee pains, low back pain, generalized body pain, multiple joint pain, pain in legs, musculoskeletal pain in men and women, hip pain, etc. are quite common instances of pains found in both urban and rural pockets of India. Such chronic pains usually occur among people in the age category of above 40 years.

Symptoms

  • Relentless pain lasting for months, are the first signs of chronic pain.
  • Sometimes pain could surface without any rhyme or reason.
  • Pain could arise from a previous injury – back-sprain or some illness.
  • Sleep disturbance, fatigue, low appetite, mood swings mostly are the fall outs of chronic pain.
  • Declining flexibility, stamina and strength hampers physical activities.
  • Inability to enjoy things you love doing due to physical limitation may lead to despair and low feeling.

Pain history

For doctors, patient’s individual description of pain, its location and duration are the only way of learning about it and prescribing a solution.

  • Description of nature of pain – sharp, dull, constant or spasmodic, burning sensation, aching, etc. are useful information to get to the bottom of the problem and start the treatment.
  • It is important that the patient and health expert work jointly to identify and the causes of symptoms of pain for giving early relief to the patient.
  • Despite the use of various technologies for diagnostic purposes, treatment plan has to be chalked out keeping in mind the specific problems and requirements of the patient.
  • Active involvement of patients’ close relatives and dear ones helps in the treatment process.

Treatment: goals & methods

One immediate aim of the treatment of all chronic pains is to alleviate the suffering of patients and improve their mobility.

  • It is important to know that chronic pain can’t be fully cured it can be managed and the patient has to live with it.
  • There are various ways of treating chronic pain. These are: medications, acupuncture, electrical stimulation, nerve blocks, or surgery. Less invasive psychotherapy, relaxation therapies, biofeedback, and behavior modification are other methods of treating chronic pain.
  • For chronic pain CAM (Complementary or Alternative Medicine) is also found to be useful in giving relief.

Self-management

Doctors also prescribe self-management of chronic pain as the patient needs to think, act and do well in life in spite of his or her pain and become an active, healthy and involved member of the society. Improving communication with healthcare provider is found to be useful in self-management of chronic pain.

 

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