My Dad and Dementia

Hello, everyone! Am Naaz (name changed), working as a writer in a reputed company. All am going to share is a few words about my lovely dad’s dementia. Like every other kid in this world, I too grew up by seeing my dad as a hero. His biggest plus is being nice to everyone without […]

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MORE THAN JUST A DISEASE RELAP...

Relapse can always bring a full stop to a refreshed curing therapy. What causes this to happen? As cited below through a few examples, are negative emotional states, physical discomfort, positive emotional states, conflicts with others etc.etc. Most important to remember is that relapse doesn’t mean that the treatment process is a failure or the […]

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ECT- A prompt and effective cu...

It’s a pity that even over 70 years after the first successful demonstration of its efficacy in the treatment of acute mental illnesses like schizophrenia, there is still very little informed public opinion about Electroconvulsive Therapy or ECT. Although, it is a fact that ECT is one of the most effective method for treating severe […]

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Yoga and beating alcoholism

Alcoholism is the dependency on alcohol that has a physiological and psychological impact on a person’s life. According to WHO, about 30% of Indians consume alcohol, out of which 4-13% are daily consumers and up to 50% of these, fall under the category of hazardous drinking. Another worrying trend from India is that the average […]

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Beating Addiction Stigma and S...

Recent Post How to find the best psychiatric hospital in Bangalore? It also provides the facility for family members to stay along with the patient; who gives them a better understanding of the…….. Is Manic Depression Genetic/ Hereditary? A chemical known as serotonin in the brain, has strong affects on an individual’s mood. The abnormalities […]

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Borderline Personality Disorder Causes

Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder Causes

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a mental disorder denoted by a pattern of unstable moods, volatile and impulsive behaviour, issues in interpersonal relationships that is developed mostly in early adulthood and causes immense distress in an individual’s life.

BPD is not caused due to a single factor but is likely to be developed due to a combination of factors. They include:-

  • Genetic predisposition

The vulnerability of developing BPD increases if you have a history of the mental illness running in your family. Almost 60% of the times the cause of BPD is due to genes. Many twin studies carried out show examples of how genetic influences play a huge role in determining the development of the personality disorder. A strong linkage is seen in chromosome 9. However be cautious of the fact that there is no evidence of particular gene for the development of BPD.

  • Issues with brain chemicals

Individual who suffer from BPD have malfunctions in their brain chemicals specifically serotonin. Brain chemicals are essential in controlling functions in the brain. Alterations in the levels of serotonin have links to regulation in mood, aggression, depression and issues with controlling destructive urges.

  • Abnormalities in brain structure and functioning

Studies using the MRI scans have helped to understand abnormalities in the brain associated in the development of BPD. The scans reveal that most individuals with BPD, showed three parts of the brain that had unusual levels of activity or were either smaller than they were supposed to be. These parts of the brain were:

  • The amygdala – The part of the brain associated in regulating emotions, specifically the more “negative” emotions, like aggression, fear and anxiety.
  • The hippocampus – The part of the brain associated in regulating behaviour and self-control.
  • The orbitofrontal cortex – The part of the brain associated in decision making and planning.

These areas of the brain contribute to symptoms of BPD. The reasoning behind these structuring is associated to environmental and social factors.

  • Environmental and social factors

Environmental and social factors in childhood play a large role in the development of BPD. Most individual who suffer from BPD have been victimized or exposed to environmental and social factors so grave that contributed to the development of the personality disorder. They include:

  • Being exposed to chronic distress or fears as a child
  • Being victims of sexual, physical or emotional abuse.
  • Being subjected to parental neglect or abandonment
  • Being brought up or growing up with family member/s who suffered from serious mental illness, like bipolar disorder, depression or substance abuse.
  • Unstable family relationships.

A study published in Advances in Psychiatric Treatment indicates that 87% of the individuals diagnosed with BPD, reported childhood trauma.

The relationship a child shares with its parents and family determine a huge part of their perception and interaction with the world around them. Unresolved issues in childhood could later develop into distorted thinking patterns as adults.

 

Irrespective of all these factors that may have caused and contributed to the development of  borderline personality disorder, there are successful treatments available in helping you to control and manage your symptoms and resolve the issues from the past. Call us now on +919611194949 for counseling & therapy.

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