How to help an Alcoholic?

It is painful and overwhelming to see someone you love destroy their life due to an addictive behaviour. Alcoholics usually tend to deny their addiction and only realize it when its negative effects have spread into almost all areas of life. Here the role of friends and family members can be effective in encouraging them […]

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First aid for Panic Attacks

Panic attack is a condition which is episodic in nature marked by high anxiety and fear, also discomfort that develops suddenly and reaches heights within 10 minutes.   Observable symptoms: Trembling and shaking Sweating Short breaths and sensations of choking If the person reports – palpitations, chest pain or discomfort, abdominal distress or nausea, dizziness […]

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Panic Attack in Child

Did you know that a panic attack in children often manifests in the early stages of adolescence? And, it is the most common psychological problem in the western countries, usually affecting about 2-3% of the people especially the younger ones in a year. There is no specific event triggering the first panic attack in children, […]

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Alcohol Detoxification

Do you know that Delirium tremens kills one in  20 people during alcohol withdrawal? Yes, It is estimated these tremors occur in 5 percent of the people who go through the process of alcohol withdrawal. This is the time where the alcohol detoxification comes into the picture.   It is good if you have decided […]

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How To Stop Panic Attack

Dying on EMI basis?   In the spur of a moment suddenly thinking of losing control, having a heart attack or even dying. No clue of what’s happening in and around? That could be a panic attack. Yes! A panic attack is a sudden impact of intense fear that creates severe physical reactions in the […]

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Behavioural therapy & medication best cure for marijuana addiction

Marijuana Addiction blog-2In its raw and most intoxicating form Marijuana or Cannabis sativa, a globally banned substance, gives an addicted person a ‘high’ through one of its core compounds tetrahydrocannibinol (THC). In its most benign avatar medical marijuana or marinol (Dronabinol) is being used to treat cancer and AIDS patients.

Marijuana-use disorder

Despite the contrasting medical and non-medical characteristics of Marijuana, in India and other parts of the world it is being widely used as an entertainment drug. Like any other drug its abuse has serious ramifications for the health of persons hooked to it. There have been reports of an increasing number of people suffering from Marijuana related disorders.

Rising number of patients

Smoking or using of Marijuana is quite rampant among both elderly and young people in America and Africa, though in Asia and particularly in some parts of India there have been reports of increasing use of the substance. The number is as high as people addicted to other illegal drugs like cocaine and heroin. As a result, the number of patients being admitted for out-patient or in-patient treatment for marijuana abuse or dependence has also seen an increase over the last few years.

Treatments available

Persons addicted to marijuana respond well to de-addiction treatments such as MET or Motivational Enhancement Therapy for behavioural treatment, CBT or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, CM or Contingency Management besides family based treatment.

  • The MET seeks to motivate addicted persons to resist temptation to use the drug by encouraging him or her to change attitude towards the drug and abstain from it.
  • The CBT is an effective treatment method that equips an addicted person with skills to help him or her stop abusing the drug. It also helps patients deal with their problems that drive them to marijuana.
  • The CM is a reward based treatment. Persons testing negative for the drug over a longer period of time is aptly rewarded by helping them get jobs and educational facilities, to those keen to resume their studies.

Family therapies

Besides the three therapies, the de-addiction treatment for persons addicted to marijuana also lays stress on family therapies. Experts broadly categorise family therapy into four parts:

  • Multi-systematic therapy
  • Multi-dimensional therapy
  • Family support network
  • Strategic family therapy

These treatments are more of interventional in nature and involve upgrading skills of the patient and his or her family members. The treatment is meant to discourage the addicted person from using marijuana.

No single-drug cure yet !

In fact, there is still no specific drug or drugs known to be effective against marijuana-use disorders. Researchers, however, aver that anti-depressant medicines like nefazodone (Serzone) and fluoxetine (Prozac) can help some patients manage marijuana withdrawal and avoid relapse. Besides, oral THC (Dronabinol) is likely to help alleviate symptoms of marijuana withdrawal, researchers point out.

Combined cure approach

However, there is unanimity on the effectiveness of combining motivational approaches and medication as the best possible option in the treatment of marijuana addiction, or for that matter any other addiction. This along with training patients in coping-skills can go a long way in bringing them back to a normal, healthy life. But the treatment has to be an ongoing process for complete de-addiction under the supervision of specialists and psychiatric professionals.

Modern treatment facilities

Cadabam’s Hospitals, state of the art, specialty psychiatry and neurology centre in Bengaluru, comprehensively addresses marijuana addiction disorders. Its treatment regimen seeks to help addicted individuals stop compulsive drug seeking and use. The treatment may be provided across a variety of settings.

Treatment period

The treatment period is decided by the severity of the symptoms and addiction problem. Drug addiction is typically a chronic disorder, a one-time treatment usually is not sufficient for complete cure. Many treatment processes are of long-term duration and involve multiple interventions from psychiatrists and psychologists with regular monitoring and follow-up sessions.

Treatment regimen

The drug addiction treatment at Cadabam’s Hospitals includes medication, behavioural therapies, or a combination of both. The treatment programs employ both individual and group therapies. A team of specialist works on different aspects of addiction. The treatment follows a combination of behavioural therapies and medications for an effective and early recovery of patients.

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