Borderline Personality Disorde...

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a serious mental health issue manifest by continuous unsteadiness in moods, behaviour, functioning and self-image. These experiences frequently result in unstable relationships and impulsive action. An individual with BPD may meet extreme scenes of anger, misery, and uneasiness that may last from just a couple of hours to days. Borderline […]

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Substance Abuse Statistics

Substance abuse means to the harmful or unsafe use of psychoactive substances, including illicit drugs and alcohol. Psychoactive substance use can prompt to dependence disorder; a group of behavioural, physiological, cognitive phenomenon that create after frequent substance use and that normally incorporate a powerful urge to take the drug, challenges in controlling its use, holding […]

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Borderline Personality Disorde...

Borderline personality disorder or BPD is mostly known to occur among women and rarely seen in men. It is a disorder that characterizes high emotionality, sensitivity and unstable patterns of relationships. Men express BPD symptoms differently from women, this is one of the reasons it gets misunderstood. It has been suggested by studies that women […]

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Substance Abuse Disorder

Substance abuse disorder is when an individual engages in a harmful intake of a substance or drug, affecting various areas of life. Due to the substance abuse the individual fails to function effectively in their personal, professional and social areas of life. Identifying the symptoms at an early stage can enable a quicker recovery. Here […]

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Borderline Personality Disorde...

Do you have someone in your life who, most of the time, have terrible mood fluctuations, multiple unstable relationships, always feel empty and impulsive? Are these affecting their personal and professional life? You may consider seeking a professional opinion as these are primary symptoms of borderline personality disorder or BPD. Here are few questions that […]

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Behavioural therapy & medication best cure for marijuana addiction

Marijuana Addiction blog-2In its raw and most intoxicating form Marijuana or Cannabis sativa, a globally banned substance, gives an addicted person a ‘high’ through one of its core compounds tetrahydrocannibinol (THC). In its most benign avatar medical marijuana or marinol (Dronabinol) is being used to treat cancer and AIDS patients.

Marijuana-use disorder

Despite the contrasting medical and non-medical characteristics of Marijuana, in India and other parts of the world it is being widely used as an entertainment drug. Like any other drug its abuse has serious ramifications for the health of persons hooked to it. There have been reports of an increasing number of people suffering from Marijuana related disorders.

Rising number of patients

Smoking or using of Marijuana is quite rampant among both elderly and young people in America and Africa, though in Asia and particularly in some parts of India there have been reports of increasing use of the substance. The number is as high as people addicted to other illegal drugs like cocaine and heroin. As a result, the number of patients being admitted for out-patient or in-patient treatment for marijuana abuse or dependence has also seen an increase over the last few years.

Treatments available

Persons addicted to marijuana respond well to de-addiction treatments such as MET or Motivational Enhancement Therapy for behavioural treatment, CBT or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, CM or Contingency Management besides family based treatment.

  • The MET seeks to motivate addicted persons to resist temptation to use the drug by encouraging him or her to change attitude towards the drug and abstain from it.
  • The CBT is an effective treatment method that equips an addicted person with skills to help him or her stop abusing the drug. It also helps patients deal with their problems that drive them to marijuana.
  • The CM is a reward based treatment. Persons testing negative for the drug over a longer period of time is aptly rewarded by helping them get jobs and educational facilities, to those keen to resume their studies.

Family therapies

Besides the three therapies, the de-addiction treatment for persons addicted to marijuana also lays stress on family therapies. Experts broadly categorise family therapy into four parts:

  • Multi-systematic therapy
  • Multi-dimensional therapy
  • Family support network
  • Strategic family therapy

These treatments are more of interventional in nature and involve upgrading skills of the patient and his or her family members. The treatment is meant to discourage the addicted person from using marijuana.

No single-drug cure yet !

In fact, there is still no specific drug or drugs known to be effective against marijuana-use disorders. Researchers, however, aver that anti-depressant medicines like nefazodone (Serzone) and fluoxetine (Prozac) can help some patients manage marijuana withdrawal and avoid relapse. Besides, oral THC (Dronabinol) is likely to help alleviate symptoms of marijuana withdrawal, researchers point out.

Combined cure approach

However, there is unanimity on the effectiveness of combining motivational approaches and medication as the best possible option in the treatment of marijuana addiction, or for that matter any other addiction. This along with training patients in coping-skills can go a long way in bringing them back to a normal, healthy life. But the treatment has to be an ongoing process for complete de-addiction under the supervision of specialists and psychiatric professionals.

Modern treatment facilities

Cadabam’s Hospitals, state of the art, specialty psychiatry and neurology centre in Bengaluru, comprehensively addresses marijuana addiction disorders. Its treatment regimen seeks to help addicted individuals stop compulsive drug seeking and use. The treatment may be provided across a variety of settings.

Treatment period

The treatment period is decided by the severity of the symptoms and addiction problem. Drug addiction is typically a chronic disorder, a one-time treatment usually is not sufficient for complete cure. Many treatment processes are of long-term duration and involve multiple interventions from psychiatrists and psychologists with regular monitoring and follow-up sessions.

Treatment regimen

The drug addiction treatment at Cadabam’s Hospitals includes medication, behavioural therapies, or a combination of both. The treatment programs employ both individual and group therapies. A team of specialist works on different aspects of addiction. The treatment follows a combination of behavioural therapies and medications for an effective and early recovery of patients.

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