How to help an Alcoholic?

It is painful and overwhelming to see someone you love destroy their life due to an addictive behaviour. Alcoholics usually tend to deny their addiction and only realize it when its negative effects have spread into almost all areas of life. Here the role of friends and family members can be effective in encouraging them […]

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First aid for Panic Attacks

Panic attack is a condition which is episodic in nature marked by high anxiety and fear, also discomfort that develops suddenly and reaches heights within 10 minutes.   Observable symptoms: Trembling and shaking Sweating Short breaths and sensations of choking If the person reports – palpitations, chest pain or discomfort, abdominal distress or nausea, dizziness […]

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Panic Attack in Child

Did you know that a panic attack in children often manifests in the early stages of adolescence? And, it is the most common psychological problem in the western countries, usually affecting about 2-3% of the people especially the younger ones in a year. There is no specific event triggering the first panic attack in children, […]

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Alcohol Detoxification

Do you know that Delirium tremens kills one in  20 people during alcohol withdrawal? Yes, It is estimated these tremors occur in 5 percent of the people who go through the process of alcohol withdrawal. This is the time where the alcohol detoxification comes into the picture.   It is good if you have decided […]

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How To Stop Panic Attack

Dying on EMI basis?   In the spur of a moment suddenly thinking of losing control, having a heart attack or even dying. No clue of what’s happening in and around? That could be a panic attack. Yes! A panic attack is a sudden impact of intense fear that creates severe physical reactions in the […]

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ADDICTION-DEVIATED BEHAVIOR

By Jinna Bordoloi, Rehabilitation Counsellor

An addiction is defined as a persistent, chronic intense focus on a single behaviour pattern that feels or is out of control. Almost everyone has some kind of addiction-if not to drugs or alcohol then to gambling, cigarettes, risky behaviour, exercise, television, computer games, internet, adult videos, work, shopping and so on. The symptoms of addiction to drugs or any other activities are:

  • Persistent and frequent thinking about the activity throughout the day.
  • Significant interference with enjoying other important aspects of life.
  • Inability to control, cut back or stop the behaviour even after becoming aware of the debilitating effects.
  • Restlessness or irritability when attempts are made to cut back the behaviour.
  • Feelings of anxiety or agitation if behaviours is stopped for a period of time.
  • Use of the addiction to escape and to avoid other responsibilities.
  • Engaging in high risk behaviour that jeopardizes emotional or physical safety.
  • Intense mood swings associated with the activity ranging from euphoria to shame, guilt or depression.

Among the various addiction alcohol or drug abuse are the most challenging. Drug can be any substance ingested into the body that produces an altered state of consciousness or change in body chemistry. Once the need of drug has been established in order to maintain effective functioning, addiction and physiological dependence prevail. The most widely used drugs are those that happen to be legal – coffee, cigarettes, chocolates and cola beverages. All contain sufficient quantities of amphetamine to create full fledge addictions.

Drug Use:

Occasional Use                            Habit Formation

◄────|──────────|──────────|──────────|─────►

Psychological                                          Physiological

 

Dependency                                             Addiction

There are many negative physical effects that results from the drug abuse. Disturbances of sleep are common results of introducing artificial stimulants or depressants into the blood stream. Through neglect, disinterest and distraction, the diet of a drug abuser often suffers. Many drugs tend to stifle the appetite or lead the user toward malnourishment. Some problems are the result of the ways in which the drugs are introduced into the body. For example, nasal damage results from repeated snorting of cocaine, lung damage has been reported in marijuana smoker and skin disorder occur in those who inject heroin, variety of musculoskeletal, respiratory gastrointestinal and central nervous system disorders are possible. In addiction almost every system of the body is affected, example nerves are destroyed, neurotransmitters are side-tracked, genetic material is altered etc.

Death is placed on the top of the list of the effects. Death due to drug overdoses, suicide in altered state of consciousness, death during the convulsions while withdrawing from barbiturates are very common.

Preventions programmes for addiction can be classified into two types. The primary prevention programmes are designed for adolescents with little or no experience with substances. Secondary prevention targets the beginner and tertiary programme work with the experienced, highly abuser or dependent abuser. The alcoholics anonymous/ narcotics anonymous (AA/NA) model, motivational intervening, relapse prevention and pharmacotherapy is widely used for addiction process.

The form of addiction has been increasing with time. Internet surfing became as havoc for the rising generation. Internet addicts may spend forty to eighty hours a week on the net, and abuse in various forms. For example, online game addiction, compulsive internet shopping, seeking, pursuing and possibly masturbating to online pornographic imagery etc.

Many a treatment protocol has been invented by various psychologists to prevent the user to become an abuser.

For Alcohol and Drug rehabilitation center in Bangalore with all the facilities.. Reach CADABAMS.

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