Mental Illness!! It’s Not Alwa...

STIGMA IS A THREAT TO YOU AND YOUR SURROUNDINGS!!   “Stigma is the rejection, avoidance or fear, people direct toward those they perceive as being “different.” Mental illness attacks everyone and anyone. It affects, what makes us human: language, reasoning, and empathy. Our memory, character, the difference between self and others, their perception of what […]

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Paranoid Schizophrenia

Paranoid Schizophrenia is one of the most common types of schizophrenia. This usually causes psychosis of different intensity, thus causing the person to lose his mind and touch with respect to the reality.   People diagnosed with paranoia are heavily suspicious of other people. This condition can cause adverse effects in their life in terms […]

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Schizophrenia Rehabilitation

Importance on the need of Schizophrenia Rehab   Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that usually appears in late adolescence or early adulthood. Characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and other cognitive difficulties, schizophrenia can often be a lifelong struggle.   People with schizophrenia have profound disabling cognitive defects. Whether positive or its negative symptoms, these cognitive deficits […]

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Effects of Party Drugs

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration survey, it is estimated that more than 6, 00,000 people coming under the age of 12 or older were reported in use of party drugs like ecstasy and cocaine. The survey also found that 39,000 people especially the youth between 12 and 17 years old […]

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9 things you need to know abou...

What is Marijuana? “Marijuana” is dried leaves and flower of cannabis hemp plant, which has more volume of a non-narcotic chemical called THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) in multiple quantities. When it is inhaled or consumed, it makes the individual feel high for few hours.   What are the other similar types of drugs like marijuana? Ecstasy, Benzodiazepines, […]

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10 Questions to ask your doctor about Depression

Depression

Are you recently diagnosed with depression? Do you want to know more about depression? Then, you are at the right place! To start beating depression, see your doctor soon!

Let me tell you a brief about depression before you go ahead reading below. On a serious note, Depression is a serious medical condition, which affects thoughts, moods, feelings, behaviors and physical health. In simple words, low mood is caused that doesn’t go away soon due to which we become sad and withdrawn. Depression tampers with our everyday life and makes it difficult to cope. Here are some question for you to ask your doctor about the depression-

 

  • How do i know if I am depressed or just feeling low?

 

There are several types of depression, there are many similarities between the types yet they have a unique set of symptoms. Your psychologist/ psychiatrist will tell you the type of depression based on your symptoms

To be honest, there might not be any obvious reason for your depression. In some of the cases, depression is caused due to some common triggers like financial troubles, grief, trauma, unemployment or even genetics.

The symptoms of depression include-

  • Sad mood
  • Preoccupation with past failures or inadequacies
  • Loss of self-esteem
  • Feelings of uselessness, hopelessness, excessive guilt
  • Slowed thinking, forgetfulness, difficulty
    concentrating, difficulty in making decisions
  • Loss of interest in work, hobbies, people
  • Lethargy and fatigue
  • Agitation or restlessness
  • Changes in weight and appetite — eating too little or too much
  • Oversleeping or insomnia
  • Decreased sexual drive
  • Thoughts of death, dying or suicide.

 

 

  • Does depression run in families?

 

Anyone can be depressed, but Experts believe depression does run in the family and genetics has a role in it. But chances are that you won’t get.  Having a family member with depression increases your risk of developing the disorder. Women are two-folds at higher risk than men to become depressed.

 

  • What can be done for my depression?

 

Your doctor will advise you about the best type of treatment based on your type and severity of symptoms. Medications and psychotherapy will be helpful to you to cope up with feelings related to depression and finding effective ways to deal with daily stressors that affect your wellbeing.

 

  • Does medication really work; do I really need to take them?

 

Medication along with psychotherapy is highly effective in treating depression. Antidepressants are usually given for treating depression. This affects the levels of chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin and norepinephrine. Antidepressant does take a few weeks to start showing its effect. If the first medication doesn’t help then, there are good chances that the other will work. The medication really works when the symptoms are severe or when symptoms are present such as worthlessness, hopelessness, suicidal thoughts or inability to feel pleasure. Psychotherapy or commonly known as the talk therapy.

American Psychiatric Association (APA) recommends that clients should keep taking their medicine at least for 4-5 months after they recover from a first depressive episode, to reduce the risk of relapse. And for people who have had multiple previous episodes, the recommendation is often longer (or sometimes even to continue indefinitely). However, please talk to your doctor before modifying the prescription or stopping medications on your own.

 

  • Are there any side effects of the medicines?

 

Like any medication, antidepressants might cause side effects depending on your current health conditions. The side effects vary based on person and type of drugs. A lot of people discontinue their medications due to the side effects; little do they remember that this will help you to recover. a person taking anti-depressants might have side effects like insomnia, sleepiness, increased anxiety, nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, sexual problems, such as delayed ejaculations in men and lack of orgasm in women, headaches, dizziness, weight gain or loss. some Antidepressants such as SSRIs, SNRIs etc. have fewer and less severe side effects than older drugs. It is important to keep track of side effects and discuss them with your doctor.

 

  • Why is the antidepressant taking time to start working?

 

Antidepressants exist in various forms but all are dedicated to impacting certain neurochemicals in the brain, such as norepinephrine and serotonin. Few reasons why your medication might take a bit longer time are based on the low dosage, or body weight of the individual, effects of other drugs, caffeine, alcohol, smoking, unhealthy eating, slow metabolism or simply it might be the type of medication as some medications will show effects only after 15 days of taking regular medications.

 

  • Do most people with depression attempt to commit suicide?

 

No. Most people who suffer from depression do not attempt suicide. National Mental Health Association, says that  30-70% of suicide victims have suffered from some form of depression. Hence, this makes it very important to consult the psychologist regularly.

 

 

  • How might depression affect me?

 

When in depression you might notice a lot of physical changes, on one hand, you, might either shed weight due to loss of appetite or feel sick and on the other, you might gain weight due to eating comfort food or lack of exercise.  Depression can affect your sleep pattern by either no sleep (Insomnia) or oversleeping. Talking to your psychologist will help you deal with all the above. Studies indicate that depression can increase the feelings of physical pain, including

  • Chronic fatigue
  • Increased aches and pains, which occur in about two out of three people with depression
  • Decreased interest in sex
  • Decreased appetite
  • Insomnia, lack of deep sleep, or oversleeping.

 

 

  • What kind of diet do I follow or avoid for treating my depression?

 

Researchers found that people who didn’t have enough of nutrient in their diets were more likely to be depressed. Few foods which will help in fighting depression are Brazil nut which is rich in selenium, foods with beta-carotene like carrot pumpkin, spinach, sweet potatoes, foods with B-12, such as clams and mussels, lean beef, milk, and eggs. Leafy Green, lentils, asparagus are packed with B9 and folate which will help in working with brain cells. Foods with omega – 3 fatty acids such as salmon (fish) also helps. Caffeine, alcohol and junk foods must be avoided as it can make depression symptoms worse over time, as it makes your brain less active and makes the medication less effective.

 

  • Are there any self-help strategies to ease the burden on myself while I am depressed?

 

The earlier you seek treatment and start treatment, the better (and faster) your recovery will be.

  • Set a realistic goal and take baby steps like starting to eat the right foods, maintaining a diet, sleeping on time etc.
  • Stay active by either exercise, cooking, going to the movies, or dinners with friends, doing activities you once enjoyed.
  • Be around other people. Isolating yourself from others worsens your mood try to spend time with family and friends
  • Divide your major tasks into smaller chunks by setting priorities etc. And don’t overburden yourself.
  • For a while trying not to accept roles with massive amounts of responsibilities, which can be overwhelming when you’re depressed.
  • Recognize negative thoughts and try to reframe them into a positive light.
  • Don’t engage in self-blame when upset.
  • When depressed don’t make important life decisions until you get relief from depressive symptoms like the change of job, relocate, enter or end a primary relationship, or make major financial choices.
  • Make it a point to identify one positive reason every day to make it through the day.

 

Getting exercise, getting more sunlight, eating well, avoiding caffeine, alcohol and illicit drugs, and following a regular routine might help.

For further detailed information, kindly contact Cadabams at +91 96111 94949 to book an appointment with our psychologist/ psychiatrist.

 

 

 

 

 

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