All De-Addiction centres in India needs to posses licence by the regional appropriate authority. All the de-addiction centres are governed by act according which no de-addiction centre can start or function without a valid licence.
As per the act and local state regulations the de-addiction centres needs to have standard facilities and professionals to manage people with addiction issues as stipulated in the act and rules made there under.
Anunitha was the first de-addiction centre in Karnataka to seek and possess licence to run and manage a de-addiction centre under the new mental health rules and mental health act.
People interested to more about the same may contact the authorities at anunitha for more information.
De-Addiction is a process where at each stage the person undergoing de-addiction needs to be supervised, supported and helped.
ANUNITHA: anunitha along with above mentioned professionals also has Program-coordinator who co-ordinates the overall care and manages the programs of recovery.
De-Addiction is a process which involves days and sometimes months for complete recovery. De-Addiction is a treatment and not a punishment and the person who needs treatment is a person who has problem and not a person who is a criminal who needs punishment. Hence the atmosphere and facility should be conducive and comfortable for the stay.
It is very essential that the facility is clean, spic and span. The food should be hygienic and healthy which helps the person recover and nourish. It is also very essential to see whether there are adequate facility for dining, indoor games, outdoor games, group activities, individual and therapeutic sessions and also for management of Detoxification and medical emergencies.
It is also very important that the basic facilities that a person is used to in his daily living or at home should not be deprived during his stay and de-addiction program. This is very important for the person to focus on his problem while staying comfortably.
It is one of the important thing which as primary caregivers and also as prospective resident seeking de-addiction treatment needs to know. During De-Addiction what is expected of a resident and what is the process of recovery needs to understand before enrolling so that things do not come as surprise.
De-Addiction to be called scientific and evidence based needs to follow Bio-Psycho-social model. This is the best known model which is standardised with evidence of helping people with addiction to recover.
The biological aspect of the person needs to be addressed beginning with Detoxification, assessing the physical health and its management. Once physical health is taken care with proper Detoxification the person is at ease with his physical health and feels better. The person also needs to be medically supported with medicines to manage associated mental health problems and also medicines to reduce craving.
Psychological aspects of the individual needs to be assessed, which should answer why this person has become addicted and what are his vulnerabilities and how to overcome. This also is followed by psychological therapies like CBT, MET, DBT, MBCT etc,. The person should be equipped with adequate and relevant skill sets to manage stressors of outside life along with managing anger, learning coping mechanisms, bettering relationships and managing urges.
The sociological aspects of the person plays equal role in preventing relapse and also in understanding the influencing factors for addiction. This also looks into the personís profession, friends, family background and also social support available for recovery.
The De-Addiction treatment is very well structured and there are standardised processes and protocols that needs to be followed. It is very important that the family understands it better so that they know the role they need to play which is very critical otherwise the whole exercise of De-addiction can be futile.
De-Addiction program is a very professionally structured therapy. It is very important that people who conduct therapies are professionally trained to do so and are also qualified to do so.
De-Addiction involves managing medical problems as well. It could be directly due to stopping of the problems or due to long term abuse of the drugs or alcohol used. This needs proper understanding, recognising and right management. Many times the condition may warrant a specialist opinion and management. The facility should have provision for consultation and opinion of the required specialist.
There can also be physical problems which might not be directly related to alcohol and drugs but needs special supervision like Diabetes, Hypertension, Seizure Disorders, Skin Problems, GI Problems etc,. It is essential that the centre recognises these issues and has proper mechanism to manage the same.
In India the only recognition is licence from the Government to run and manage De-Addiction centre. It is very important to know and understand whether the centre any accreditations which gives a confidence that the centre has standard evidence based process and follows accepted protocols.