BRIEF PSYCHOLOGICAL THERAPIES
- DRINK REFUSAL SKILLS
Drink refusal skills are imparted to persons willing to abstain from alcohol as to how confidently but assertively refuse to budge for the social pressure to drink alcohol and not feel guilty about the refusal. The residents at anunitha have opportunity to deliberate and discuss about this skill in group settings along with other residents under the supervision of counsellor.
- PROBLEM SOLVING SKILLS TRAINING:
This skill helps the person to manage problems which disturb his/her resolve to abstain from alcohol. anunitha Centre for Alcohol and Drug De-addiction and rehabilitation helps the person recognise the problem, generate possible solutions, select most appropriate options, plan action and evaluate objectively the selected approach. This skill helps the person not just objectively view the problem but also wean off the dependency of the alcohol when ever encountered with problem. But this skill is refined and reinforced mostly during relapse prevention and post discharge period.
- ASSERTIVENESS SKILL TRAINING
Expressing oneís feelings both pleasure and displeasure is a skill very important for a harmonious social living. For some assertively expressing their displeasure and discomfort itself can create anxiety, frustration and anger. If they are not able to manage this side effect of lack of assertive skills it can lead to harmful drinking behaviour. At anunitha centre for Alcohol and Drug De-addiction and rehabilitation, assertiveness training happens so as to help them manage interpersonal situations that have potential to produce negative mood states and thereby predispose the person to drinking alcohol or take drugs.
- REALAXATIONS AND STRESS MANAGEMENT SKILL TRAINIG:
Tension can be physical, mental or psychosocial. Tension can be a predisposing factor in some for drinking alcohol or taking drugs. Hence if the issues leading to tension and skills to manage tension if not addressed can be a factor for relapse. At anunitha Centre for Alcohol and Drug De-addition and rehabilitation all residents under the program are taught relaxation techniques both conventional like deep muscle relaxation, relaxation imagery and those derived from Yoga to manage stress appropriately.
- BEHAVIOURAL SELF MANAGEMENT:
The professionals at anunitha Centre for Alcohol and Drug De-addition and rehabilitation engage residents for behavioural self management( especially those who enrol for Harm Reduction program) for those who wish to cut down the amount of alcohol rather than stopping. Behavioural self management includes
- Self Monitoring
- Setting drinking limits
- Controlling rates of drinking
- Identifying problem drinking situations
- Self reward for limited drinking
- COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING:
Many people with harmful and even dependence to alcohol and drugs will have peculiar beliefs about the reason and cause for them to drink and continue to take despite the awareness about the harmful effects of the alcohol and drugs. Here the irrational, counterproductive beliefs and attitudes contribute to continue drinking alcohol and taking drugs. At anunitha Centre for Alcohol and Drug De-Addiction and rehabilitation with cognitive restructuring in both individual and group level the person is made to understand his/her faulty understanding harming them.
- CUE EXPOSURE AND MANAGEMENT:
Cue exposure and management is one of the important interventions at anunitha Centre for Alcohol and Drug De-addiction and Rehabilitation. Cue exposure is the pleasant effects of alcohol consumption that the person gets due to people, places and events that regularly precede drinking and cues exposure becomes a conditional response to that. Some of the common cues include sight and smell of an alcoholic drink, mood states or situations in which drinking has previously occurred, and people , places and times that have previously been associated with the pleasant effects of alcohol.